World History & Global Studies

World History & Global Studies - Click to enlarge
World History & Global Studies - Click to enlarge
Item Code: FI-D085

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 #35107 The United Nations: Working for Us All
 #35108 The UN Security Council: Keeping the Peace
 #35169 Italy: Natural Hazards and Disasters
 #32818 The State of World Population Report
 #32848 Cyberterror: Bringing Down the Internet
 #35166 Canada: A Diverse Culture
 #2550 How the Nazis Came to Power(+$10)
 #9011 Seeds of Change(+$10)
 #9012 1914-1919: Shell Shock(+$10)
 #9013 1920-1929: Boom to Bust(+$10)
 #9014 1929-1936: Stormy Weather(+$10)
 #9015 1936-1941: Over the Edge(+$10)
 #9016 1941-1945: Civilians at War(+$10)
 #9017 1941-1945: Homefront(+$10)
 #9018 1946-1952: Best Years(+$10)
 #9019 1953-1960: Happy Daze(+$10)
 #9020 1960-1964: Poisoned Dreams(+$10)
 #9021 1965-1970: Unpinned(+$10)
 #9022 1971-1975: Approaching the Apocalypse(+$10)
 #9023 1976-1980: Starting Over(+$10)
 #9024 1981-1989: A New World(+$10)
 #9025 Then and Now(+$10)
 #34203 The West Bank Wall: Life on Both Sides(+$10)
 #1481 The Battle of Verdun(+$20)
 #1607 1945: Year of Victory(+$20)
 #1610 The Mediterranean Front(+$20)
 #2468 The Battle of the Marne(+$20)
 #2562 The '20s: From Illusion to Disillusion(+$20)
 #2594 World War II(+$20)
 #2598 World War I(+$20)
 #8046 The UN: It's More Than You Think(+$30)
 #8998 Heaven and Earth: Lindbergh’s Journey(+$30)
 #8999 Heaven and Earth: First Step(+$30)
 #9000 Ultimate Power: Evil Rising(+$30)
 #9001 Ultimate Power: The Race(+$30)
 #9002 No Man's Land: The Great War(+$30)
 #9003 No Man's Land: The Fall(+$30)
 #9004 Memphis Dreams: Innocence and Rebellion(+$30)
 #9005 Memphis Dreams: Searching for the Promised Land(+$30)
 #9006 Coming Apart: Nothing to Fear(+$30)
 #9007 Coming Apart: Picture This(+$30)
 #9008 The Evolution of Revolution: Live from Tehran(+$30)
 #9009 The Evolution of Revolution: Facing the New Millennium(+$30)
 #8047 Forms of Government: What's the Score?(+$30)
 #784 The Smell of War(+$40)
 #785 Stalemate(+$40)
 #787 Il Duce(+$40)
 #790 Tiger at the Gate(+$40)
 #791 The Master Race(+$40)
 #1609 The Life of Anne Frank(+$40)
 #1723 The Cavalry of the Clouds(+$40)
 #1740 Fact and Fiction in World War II: A Study of Operation Gunnerside(+$40)
 #2273 The Battle of Arnhem(+$40)
 #2469 The Battle of Gallipoli(+$40)
 #2668 The Phony War(+$40)
 #2669 The Battle of Britain(+$40)
 #2670 The Blitz(+$40)
 #2671 The Tide Turns(+$40)
 #2672 The Final Chapter(+$40)
 #3059 The Suicide of a Camp Survivor: The Case of Primo Levi(+$40)
 #4903 From D-Day to the Rhine(+$40)
 #5187 Beate Klarsfeld: Bringing Nazi War Criminals to Justice(+$40)
 #5352 Children of the Holocaust(+$40)
 #6495 The Bielski Brothers(+$40)
 #7062 The U.S. Military: Waging Peace(+$40)
 #7063 Tribal Conflicts: New Role for the Military(+$40)
 #7897 Governments Caring for People(+$40)
 #7898 Regulation of Industry(+$40)
 #7899 Cleaning Up Corruption(+$40)
 #8677 The Origin and Development of NATO(+$40)
 #10298 World War I: Clash of Empires(+$40)
 #10299 World War II, Part 1: Into the Storm(+$40)
 #10300 World War II, Part 2: A Time of Reckoning(+$40)
 #10301 Confronting Communism: And the Walls Came Tumbling Down(+$40)
 #36216 World War I: The War in Europe(+$40)
 #36219 The Great Depression(+$40)
 #36221 World War II: The World at War(+$40)
 #36376 Kofi Annan: UN Secretary-General, 1997-2006(+$40)
 #37446 Bill Moyers Journal: June 1, 2007(+$40)
 #2282 The Worlds Beyond the Sea(+$40)
 #2284 The Container Revolution(+$40)
 #2286 Farming the Sea(+$40)
 #2287 The Return of the Child: The Effects of El Nino(+$40)
 #2288 Mapping the Weather(+$40)
 #2289 Struggle for the Seas: The Development of Fighting Ships(+$40)
 #2290 The Modern Navy(+$40)
 #2291 Treasures of Neptune: Klondike on the Ocean Floor(+$40)
 #2292 Whose Sea This Is(+$40)
 #2293 The Healing Sea: Life Under Water(+$40)
 #2295 The Ocean Planet: The Death of the Mississippi(+$40)
 #2296 The Ocean Sink(+$40)
 #5934 Social Issues of Global Importance(+$40)
 #5935 Finding Solutions to Poverty and Social Integration(+$40)
 #5936 A Job for the World(+$40)
 #6626 Central America: Costa Rica(+$40)
 #6627 Central America: Cuba(+$40)
 #6628 South America: Brazil(+$40)
 #6629 South America: Paraguay(+$40)
 #6630 Africa: Tunisia, Libya, Egypt(+$40)
 #6631 Africa: Sierra Leone, Ghana, Kenya(+$40)
 #6632 Africa: Tanzania, Mozambique, Lesotho(+$40)
 #6633 Asia: Mongolia, China, Nepal(+$40)
 #6634 Asia: Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam(+$40)
 #6635 South Pacific-Oceania: The Philippines, Kiribati(+$40)
 #6637 Ecology and the Environment: Galapagos, Mauritania, Madagascar(+$40)
 #6638 Economic Development: Colombia, Bolivia, India(+$40)
 #6639 Human Rights: Haiti, Turkey, Oman(+$40)
 #6640 Drugs and Health: Peru, Uganda, Turkey(+$40)
 #7931 Global Capitalism and the Moral Imperative(+$40)
 #29436 A World Without Borders: What Is Happening with Globalization(+$40)
 #29437 The Global Marketplace: The Benefits of Globalization(+$40)
 #29438 Global Partnerships: The Effects of Globalization(+$40)
 #29439 The Global Neighborhood: What Can Happen with Globalization(+$40)
 #29440 Global Grassroots: The Ramifications of Globalization(+$40)
 #29441 The Global Dimension: The Risks of Globalization(+$40)
 #30036 The Curse of Congo: A Story of Wealth, Exploitation, and Ruin(+$40)
 #30708 Tracking Foreign Aid: What Becomes of American Food Relief?(+$40)
 #32556 NOW with Bill Moyers: Benjamin Barber on Globalization(+$40)
 #33073 Water for the Fields(+$40)
 #33074 Water for the Cities(+$40)
 #33076 Water for Profit(+$40)
 #33077 Waters of Discord(+$40)
 #33088 Fair Trade, Fair Profit: Making Green Enterprise Work(+$40)
 #33089 Boiling Point: The Global Struggle for Water(+$40)
 #34471 India: Working to End Child Labor(+$40)
 #34700 Philippines Journal: The Spirit of Togetherness(+$40)
 #34701 Mexico Journal: Life in the Earth(+$40)
 #34702 South Africa Journal: A Nation's Renewal(+$40)
 #36373 Kurt Waldheim: UN Secretary-General, 1972-1981(+$40)
 #36374 Javier Perez de Cuellar: UN Secretary-General, 1982-1991(+$40)
 #36375 Boutros Boutros-Ghali: UN Secretary-General, 1992-1996(+$40)
 #39474 Bill Moyers Journal: Global Hunger(+$40)
 #3024 Racism and Antiracism Education(+$40)
 #6776 Facing Hate(+$40)
 #6797 The Heart of Hatred(+$40)
 #6798 Learning to Hate(+$40)
 #10670 Healing the Heart: Forgive and Remember(+$40)
 #10671 Healing the Wounds: Making Peace a Priority(+$40)
 #10672 Healing the Soul: Religious Perspectives on Forgiveness(+$40)
 #29155 NAFTA and the New Economic Frontier: Life Along the U.S./Mexico Border(+$40)
 #30035 War in Congo: An Overview(+$40)
 #30571 The Walking Wounded: Echoes of Trauma(+$40)
 #33344 Failed Nation-Building: A Case Study(+$40)
 #37114 Carlos Monsivais-in Spanish(+$40)
 #37115 Carlos Monsivais-in Spanish with English Subtitles(+$40)
 #37127 Born into Prostitution: The Badis of Nepal(+$40)
 #37128 Married to a Goddess: The Joginis of India(+$40)
 #37129 Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The Debt Slaves of Nepal(+$40)
 #37561 Bill Moyers Journal: June 22, 2007(+$40)
 #39007 Arms for the Poor: The Global Impact of the Weapons Industry(+$40)
 #39536 Bill Moyers Journal: May 9, 2008(+$40)
 #5594 Demography(+$40)
 #34174 Mexico City: The Largest City(+$40)
 #29387 Stopping the Money: An Economic Approach to Counterterrorism(+$40)
 #30264 Waging War Against the New Terrorism(+$40)
 #30453 Germ Warrior Andy Weber: Neutralizing Bioterror Weapons(+$40)
 #30566 In Time of War: Striking the Balance Between Freedom and Security(+$40)
 #33133 What Do They Want? Terrorists Taking Aim at America(+$40)
 #33636 Legal Limbo: The War on Terror and the Judicial Process(+$40)
 #37376 Bill Moyers Journal: May 4, 2007(+$40)
 #37690 Bill Moyers Journal: July 27, 2007(+$40)
 #38820 Bill Moyers Journal: 9/11: For the Record(+$40)
 #7953 Can Democracy Survive?(+$40)
 #10459 Exploration(+$40)
 #10460 War(+$40)
 #10461 Revolution(+$40)
 #32890 NOW with Bill Moyers: Mark Hertsgaard on the World's Love/Hate Relationship with America(+$40)
 #33277 War Spin: The Media and the Iraq War(+$40)
 #33467 Building Democracy in War-Torn Afghanistan(+$40)
 #34258 First Steps into the Unknown(+$40)
 #34259 Discovery of a New World(+$40)
 #2549 World War I: The War That Failed to End Wars(+$50)
 #33709 Communism: The Fall of the Romanovs and the Berlin Wall(+$50)
 #2164 The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler(+$80)
 #7370 From Bitter Earth: Artists of the Holocaust(+$80)
 #8833 Memories of Anne Frank(+$80)
 #10147 Ethnic Identity, Regional Conflict, and Peacekeeping Initiatives(+$80)
 #10518 The Hunt for the True October: The Real Russian Revolution(+$80)
 #10519 A Fatal Stroke: The Fall of Lenin and the Rise of Leninism(+$80)
 #10520 The Murder of Sergei Kirov: Assassination or Crime of Passion?(+$80)
 #10521 The Heroes of Dadu: The People's Revolution in China(+$80)
 #10522 The Play's the Thing: China's Cultural Revolution
 
 #10523 A Rebel with a Cause: Death of a Man, Birth of a Legend(+$80)
 #34703 Einstein's Equation of Life and Death(+$80)
 #36131 Media by Milosevic: How Serbia's Dictator Wielded Power(+$80)
 #37583 The Legacy of War: Vietnam(+$80)
 #10538 Mexico: Back Door to the Promised Land(+$80)
 #10539 India: The Little Serfs(+$80)
 #10540 Uganda: The War of the Children(+$80)
 #10541 Philippines: Angels of the Night(+$80)
 #10542 Japan: The Taboo of Failure(+$80)
 #29422 Trade: The Dollar Speaks English(+$80)
 #29423 Culture: English Takes Center Stage(+$80)
 #29424 Politics: Will English Rule the World?(+$80)
 #30928 Uganda: A Different Drummer(+$80)
 #33460 Tanim: Instituting Democracy in Tribal Papua New Guinea(+$80)
 #34201 Globalization Is Good(+$80)
 #34211 First Steps: Worldwide Response to the Landmine Crisis(+$80)
 #35280 Life Expectancy: Geography as Destiny(+$80)
 #35282 Decaying Cities: Reclaiming the Rust Belt(+$80)
 #35285 Birthrate: New Options for Parenthood(+$80)
 #35286 China's Prosperity: Behind the Scenes of Progress(+$80)
 #35287 Extinct Species: Red Alert to Humanity(+$80)
 #35500 Stemming the Flow of Water Pollution, Part 2(+$80)
 #35511 Pneumococcal Disease(+$80)
 #35513 Hookworm(+$80)
 #35515 Rotavirus(+$80)
 #35562 Smog: The Sweet Smell of Success?(+$80)
 #6311 The Legacy of Nuremberg(+$80)
 #29952 Unearthing Evil: Archaeology in the Cause of Justice(+$80)
 #33406 Voices of Disposable People(+$80)
 #35365 A Tale of Modern Slavery(+$80)
 #35366 Stolen Childhoods(+$80)
 #36337 Part 1: Time for School-The Global Education Crisis(+$80)
 #36346 Part 2: Back to School-The Ongoing Struggle to Educate the World's Children(+$80)
 #9109 Was Malthus Right? Population and Resources in the 21st Century(+$80)
 #10919 Population Six Billion(+$80)
 #10485 The Price of Surprise: Days One Through Six(+$80)
 #10486 Regaining Control: Days Seven and Eight(+$80)
 #29802 Hackers and Cyberterrorists(+$80)
 #31452 Bioterror: The Invisible Threat(+$80)
 #33149 Chasing God(+$80)
 #33384 Reporting on Terrorism: The News Media and Public Health(+$80)
 #33909 A Short Summer in Gaza(+$80)
 #34182 Europe: Revealing the Hidden Enemy(+$80)
 #34183 America: Hunting for Sleeper Cells(+$80)
 #34184 Asia: Staking Out Terror's Breeding Grounds(+$80)
 #34186 News from the Holy Land: Theory and Practice of Reporting Conflict(+$80)
 #34820 Terrorism: BioAttack(+$80)
 #34821 City Under Siege(+$80)
 #35309 Witness to Hate: Reporting on al Qaeda(+$80)
 #35376 Global Jihad(+$80)
 #10604 Fascism: The Legacy of Hate(+$80)
 #31480 Armenia: A Genocide Denied(+$80)
 #32900 The Road to Nowhere: Yugoslavia(+$80)
 #32901 Dreaming a Nation: The Kurds(+$80)
 #32902 A Nation Returns: Germany(+$80)
 #32903 Lifting the Yoke: Ukraine(+$80)
 #32904 Mirror, Mirror: Northern Ireland(+$80)
 #32905 Reconquering the Conquest: Quebec(+$80)
 #32966 The New Leap Forward: The Chinese Communist Party in the 21st Century(+$80)
 #33407 Dying to Be Free: Zimbabwe's Struggle for Change(+$80)
 #33442 Plutarch: Parallel Lives(+$80)
 #33444 Thomas More: Utopia(+$80)
 #33446 Adam Smith: The Wealth of Nations(+$80)
 #33735 One Day of War(+$80)
 #36316 Corazon Aquino: Restoring Democracy in the Philippines(+$80)
 #36317 Madeleine Albright: Fighting Genocide in Kosovo(+$80)
 #1739 Rehearsal for D-Day:(+$100)
 #5809 The Eye of the Dictator: Propaganda and the Nazis(+$100)
 #8397 Superpowers Collide(+$100)
 #8398 Powerplay: End of an Empire(+$100)
 #8838 Bosnia's Rite of Return(+$100)
 #8839 Televangelism in Brazil(+$100)
 #10085 Archbishop Desmond Tutu and the Rainbow Nation(+$100)
 #10086 Eric Hobsbawm and Slovakian Nationalism(+$100)
 #10087 Eqbal Ahmad and the Partitioning of India(+$100)
 #35664 From Harmony to Revolution: The Birth and Growth of Socialism(+$100)
 #35666 Tearing Down the Wall: The Decline of Socialism(+$100)
 #36440 Hitler vs. Stalin(+$100)
 #36441 Churchill vs. Roosevelt(+$100)
 #36442 Churchill vs. Stalin(+$100)
 #36443 Roosevelt vs. Stalin(+$100)
 #37044 Inside the Mind of Adolf Hitler(+$100)
 #37119 The Spanish Civil War, Part 1-in Spanish(+$100)
 #37121 The Spanish Civil War, Part 3-in Spanish(+$100)
 #37122 The Spanish Civil War, Part 4-in Spanish(+$100)
 #37605 Eternal Beauty? The Story of the Third Reich Through Its Own Propaganda(+$100)
 #30519 Countdown to Hope: Opposing the Threat of Nuclear War(+$100)
 #34992 Global Exchange: Free Trade and Protectionism(+$100)
 #34993 Global Capital Market: Risks and Rewards(+$100)
 #34994 Economic Development: A Global Challenge(+$100)
 #38826 The Dying Fields: Despair in India's Cotton Belt(+$100)
 #3022 Freedom of Speech: A Satanic Scenario(+$100)
 #3023 Color and the Quality of Life(+$100)
 #7629 Crimes Against Humanity: Justice Pursued(+$100)
 #7630 Crimes Against Humanity: The Quest for Truth(+$100)
 #7631 Crimes Against Humanity: The Long Road to Reconciliation(+$100)
 #29045 Genocide: From Biblical Times Through the Ages(+$100)
 #29046 Genocide in the First Half of the 20th Century(+$100)
 #29047 Never Again? Genocide Since the Holocaust(+$100)
 #29048 Genocide: The Horror Continues(+$100)
 #30546 Dying to Get In: Illegal Immigration to the E.U.(+$100)
 #30547 Escape to the E.U.? Human Rights and Immigration Policy in Conflict(+$100)
 #30548 One-Way Ticket to Ghana: Forced Deportation from the E.U.(+$100)
 #31407 The Sexual Exploitation of Children: Taking a Stand(+$100)
 #33138 Fighting on Both Sides of the Law: Mandela and His Early Crusade(+$100)
 #33139 An Irresistible Vision: Mandela and the End of Apartheid(+$100)
 #39119 The Rape of Nanking(+$100)
 #6270 Paul Ehrlich and The Population Bomb(+$100)
 #29879 Trail of a Terrorist: The Ominous Lesson of Ahmed Rassam(+$100)
 #31761 In the Name of Liberation: Freedom by Any Means(+$100)
 #31762 In the Name of Revolution: Gun-Barrel Politics(+$100)
 #31763 In the Name of God: Holy Word, Holy War(+$100)
 #31764 In the Name of the State: When Might Makes Right(+$100)
 #36167 Baghdad ER(+$100)
 #37621 Iraq: The Agony of a Nation(+$100)
 #32212 A New History of the World(+$100)
 #32654 Armed to the Teeth: The Worldwide Plague of Small Arms(+$100)
 #35665 Unstable Utopias: The Global Spread of Socialism(+$100)
 #35741 Political and Social Satire through Caricature(+$100)
 #35823 Torture: We Have Ways of Making You Talk(+$100)
 #36407 No Vacancy: Global Responses to the Human Population Explosion(+$110)
 #2244 Hostages: The Psychology of the Survivors(+$110)
 #4044 Search for the Master Terrorist: The Hunt for the Jackal(+$110)
 #7068 World Peacekeeping: Defining America's Role(+$129.95)
 #6796 Beyond Hate(+$129.95)
 #30034 Still the Heart of Darkness: The Killing in Congo(+$129.95)
 #38732 Disengagement: Israel's Unilateral Withdrawal-Educator's Edition(+$150)
 #32950 Exile: Spanish Civil War Refugees Remember-in Spanish with English Subtitles(+$209.95)
 #10484 Biowar: The Terrible Prospect of Biological Terrorism(+$209.95)
 #34819 In the Balance: A Two-Part Series on Terrorism(+$209.95)
 #7896 Effective Government in the Developing World(+$219.9)
 #34699 Global Tribe: Social Transformation Around the World(+$219.9)
 #10669 Forgiveness: The Attribute of the Strong(+$219.9)
 #10458 Catalysts of Change: Exploration, War, and Revolution(+$219.9)
 #8396 Inside the Cold War with Sir David Frost(+$249.95)
 #33137 Mandela: The Living Legend(+$249.95)
 #36372 Inside the Glass Building: Interviews with UN Secretaries-General(+$309.85)
 #6636 Global Issues in Our Developing World(+$309.85)
 #34181 The Third World War: Al Qaeda(+$339.9)
 #36314 Women of Destiny, Lessons in Leadership(+$339.9)
 #33705 Days That Shook the World(+$349.85)
 #8997 The Century: Events That Shaped the World(+$350)
 #9010 The Century: Decades of Change(+$350)
 #3097 Minority Rights: Hypotheticals(+$350)
 #2667 The War Years: Britain in World War II(+$399.8)
 #34467 Fighting the Tide: Developing Nations and Globalization(+$399.8)
 #8836 Politics, Religion, and National Identity(+$399.9)
 #35663 Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism(+$399.9)
 #7628 Crimes Against Humanity: The Search for Justice(+$399.9)
 #30545 Fortress Europe: The Immigration Situation(+$399.9)
 #35165 The Voyageur Experience in Global Geography(+$449.55)
 #29421 Beyond Babel: English, the Language Rising from the Masses(+$469.85)
 #29435 The Global Generation: The Human Face Behind Globalization(+$489.75)
 #33072 Thirsty Planet(+$489.75)
 #34169 Global Cities: Immigration and the World Economy(+$489.75)
 #9179 Great Battles of History(+$489.75)
 #10084 Stories My Country Told Me: The Meaning of Nationhood(+$549.85)
 #36439 Warlords of World War II: Opportunistic Alliances(+$549.85)
 #37118 The Spanish Civil War-in Spanish(+$549.85)
 #34990 Global Economics(+$549.85)
 #29044 The Genocide Factor(+$549.85)
 #31760 The Age of Terror: A Survey of Modern Terrorism(+$549.85)
 #10537 Children without Childhood(+$599.8)
 #35510 Unseen Enemies: A Close-up Look at the World's Deadliest Diseases(+$599.8)
 #10517 Red Chapters: Turning Points in the History of Communism(+$729.75)
 #32899 Nationalism: Blood and Belonging(+$729.75)
 #33440 Words of Change(+$729.75)
 #6625 Our Developing World: Regional Political Geography(+$849.55)
 #10291 Paths to Power: An Educator's Guide to The Century(+$1029.45)
 #35859 The Social Sciences Collection(+$1109.65)

Product Description:
#35107 Global Studies - The United Nations: Working for Us All (Run time 15 min.) DVD $49.95

Nearly everyone on the planet knows of the United Nations, but far fewer understand the important functions it performs in our complicated world. Michael Douglas narrates this compelling introduction to the work of the organization. Outlining the UN's creation and history, and incorporating interviews with Secretary-General Kofi Annan and other prominent leaders, the program illustrates the UN's widespread efforts in peacekeeping, police training, land mine removal, election monitoring, disaster relief, and health initiatives to combat HIV/AIDS and other epidemics. The roles of UNICEF and other subgroups are also explored. A United Nations Production. (15 minutes)


#35108 Global Studies - The UN Security Council: Keeping the Peace (Run time 16 min.) DVD $49.95

A cornerstone of the United Nations, the Security Council takes on some of the organization's most difficult duties. This program highlights the Council's role in preventing conflicts, resolving disputes, and occasionally initiating military action against an aggressor. Beginning in the era of the original "P-5" membership-the U.S., the U.S.S.R., China, France, and Great Britain-the video explores the history of the Council, examining dramatic moments in the Korean conflict, the Cuban missile crisis, the prelude to the invasion of Iraq, and other cases in which members have struggled to balance their own interests with those of the world body. A United Nations Production. (16 minutes)


#35169 Global Studies - Italy: Natural Hazards and Disasters (Run time 25 min.) DVD $49.95

Why do communities take hold in areas prone to flooding, volcanic eruptions, and other catastrophes? This program profiles Italian cities that have suffered from natural disasters and why habitation has continued in those places. Touring flood-plagued Florence, its Arno River dam, and a Roman-style house near Pompeii, the program presents examples of how, throughout history, environmental dangers have taken a backseat to everyday human needs, until they can no longer be ignored. A viewable/printable instructor's guide-including geographical background information, extension activities, vocabulary handouts, and more-is available online. Correlates to National Geography Standards. (25 minutes)


#32818 Population & Demography - The State of World Population Report (Run time 8 min.) DVD $49.95

According to the latest statistics from the United Nations Population Fund, the momentum of world population growth has slowed. But does that mean the population boom is over? This program summarizes the results of the most recent State of World Population Report, highlighting key changes in fertility rates and family size, as well as demographic shifts and the implications of increased human longevity. A United Nations Production. (9 minutes)


#32848 Terrorism - Cyberterror: Bringing Down the Internet (Run time 17 min.) DVD $49.95

When the next terrorist attack occurs, will it be by air strike or keystroke? This program reveals the vulnerability of the Internet backbone to paralyzing hack attacks and measures being taken to close some of the many holes in the Net. After discussing the open nature of online communications and how attacks via landline are conducted, security consultants demonstrate the ease with which cyberterrorists can breach wireless networks by “war driving.” Software and insurance companies as well as law enforcement agencies are cited as crucial components in what must become an all-out coordinated anti-terror effort—while there is still time. (17 minutes)


#35166 World History & Politics - Canada: A Diverse Culture (Run time 25 min.) DVD $49.95

Famous for its natural beauty, Canada is underappreciated for its vibrant multiculturalism and racial diversity. This program journeys to Quebec and British Columbia to study social, economic, and cultural issues in those provinces. Conversations with local residents-including bilingual students in Montreal and three generations of Japanese fishermen in Vancouver-highlight the complexities and the rewards of the Canadian experience. A viewable/printable instructor's guide-including geographical background information, extension activities, vocabulary handouts, and more-is available online. Correlates to National Geography Standards. (25 minutes)


#2550 20th Century History - How the Nazis Came to Power (Run time 17 min.) DVD $59.95

This program shows how simple and logical it all was-one step at a time, from the bitter defeat of World War I and the humiliating Treaty of Versailles, the wrangling of the Weimar democracy, the economic crisis... Then the fear of Communism, the threat of violence, and the Nazi promise of law and order was so seductive that the mass of Germans were willing to overlook a little repression here and a little there, until it became a point of honor for Germans to witness brutality without flinching. Forced after the war to look at what they had done, the Germans would not or could not see. (17 minutes, b&w)


#9011 20th Century History - Seeds of Change (Run time 46 min.) DVD $59.95

How did the 20th century change the way Americans live? This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings examines daily life during the early 1900s-when William McKinley was President, a loaf of bread cost only a few cents, horsepower really meant horsepower, flying to the moon was the stuff of dreams, and the average life span was only 45 years-while looking ahead to the decades of changes yet to come. (46 minutes)


#9012 20th Century History - 1914-1919: Shell Shock (Run time 45 min.) DVD $59.95

The psychological damage inflicted by the stupefying bombardments of World War I was called shell shock, a term that aptly described the feelings of the post-war world. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings illustrates America's reluctant emergence as a world power and analyzes the impact of the wholesale sense of loss-of life, of husbands and fathers, and of sacred ideals such as honor, patriotism, and glory-that sprang from "the war to end all wars." (45 minutes)


#9013 20th Century History - 1920-1929: Boom to Bust (Run time 46 min.) DVD $59.95

In the aftermath of World War I, many modern-minded Americans, particularly women, were eager to do away with outdated traditions and claim new rights and freedoms. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings investigates why the issue of women's rights, ranging from suffrage to smoking, became so controversial-and what that said about America's sense of self. (46 minutes)


#9014 20th Century History - 1929-1936: Stormy Weather (Run time 46 min.) DVD $59.95

America-a nation that claimed ever-increasing wealth as its birthright-was rudely awakened by the Great Depression, which caused 25 percent unemployment, the closing of 9,000 banks, and the loss of $2.5 billion in deposits. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings captures a people's struggle as they faced the collapse of prosperity and diminished hope of being able to experience the American Dream. (46 minutes)


#9015 20th Century History - 1936-1941: Over the Edge (Run time 46 min.) DVD $59.95

Safely watching Europe from across the Atlantic Ocean, many Americans observed the messianic popularity of Hitler and Mussolini and the subsequent outbreak of World War II with concern and dismay. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings explores the crucial question: could the United States resist involvement, or would American forces be sent to fight in another European war? (46 minutes)


#9016 20th Century History - 1941-1945: Civilians at War (Run time 69 min.) DVD $59.95

World War II was the first war in history that killed more civilians than soldiers, as leaders on both sides accepted noncombatant casualties as inevitable-and, to some, even desirable. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings studies the courage and the strength necessary to face and survive starvation, bombing, torpedoing, massacre, and extermination in camps specifically designed for that purpose. (69 minutes)


#9017 20th Century History - 1941-1945: Homefront (Run time 46 min.) DVD $59.95

The shock of Pearl Harbor awoke America from its dream of isolationism. As troops went overseas and industry ramped up to supply the urgent need for war materials, a new wave of Southern blacks migrated north and west to fill the workforce-along with millions of women, who exchanged housework for war work. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings discusses the effects of World War II on the homefront, spotlighting the war's impact as a catalyst for economic, demographic, and social change. (46 minutes)


#9018 20th Century History - 1946-1952: Best Years (Run time 46 min.) DVD $59.95

Demobilization after World War II meant difficult changes as the U.S., geared up for war, resumed a peacetime existence. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings describes America's new status as a superpower, as the nation shouldered the responsibility for rebuilding Europe and Japan-and for containing Soviet ambitions. The challenge faced by veterans and spouses to become reacquainted after years of separation and hardship is highlighted. (46 minutes)


#9019 20th Century History - 1953-1960: Happy Daze (Run time 46 min.) DVD $59.95

The post-war baby boom, suburban living, Marilyn Monroe, and Elvis epitomize the contentment of the Eisenhower years. But these were also years marked by rabid McCarthyism, violent civil rights demonstrations, and a frightening escalation in the Cold War. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings probes the tension between these crosscurrents in American history. (46 minutes)


#9020 20th Century History - 1960-1964: Poisoned Dreams (Run time 44 min.) DVD $59.95

Beset by both international and domestic pressures, America during the Camelot years was swiftly approaching a political-cultural meltdown. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings documents U.S.-Soviet conflicts of interest in Cuba and Vietnam and the growing polarization at home between civil rights activists and segregationist hard-liners, which resulted in the Birmingham riots and the freedom march on Washington, D.C. (44 minutes)


#9021 20th Century History - 1965-1970: Unpinned (Run time 46 min.) DVD $59.95

Riots and protests intensified in the U.S. as the war in Vietnam dragged on, with anti-war and civil rights activists seeking violent ways to agitate for peace and equality. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings presents the unrelenting rage that divided the nation during those perilous years, as the Watts race riots, the assassinations of Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy, and the Kent State killings made headline news. (46 minutes)


#9022 20th Century History - 1971-1975: Approaching the Apocalypse (Run time 46 min.) DVD $59.95

The trauma of the war in Vietnam and the Watergate scandal left Americans exhausted, embittered, and disillusioned with politics and politicians. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings appraises the effects of those blights on the political landscape and their impact on the trust between the government and the governed, so vital to the well-being of a representative democracy such as the United States. (46 minutes)


#9023 20th Century History - 1976-1980: Starting Over (Run time 46 min.) DVD $59.95

The women's and civil rights movements, begun decades earlier and as controversial as ever, continued to evolve during the nation's Bicentennial period. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings focuses on the changing momentum of feminism, hampered by its failure to secure broad ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment, and the heated confrontations that arose over affirmative action and busing. (46 minutes)


#9024 20th Century History - 1981-1989: A New World (Run time 44 min.) DVD $59.95

The Reagan era witnessed the unexpected end of the Cold War and a welcome return to a booming domestic economy-but did events unfold too quickly to control? This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings takes a look at the details and the aftershocks both of the dissolution of the Soviet Union and of the yuppie capitalism that threatened to push the limits of the American economy too far. (44 minutes)


#9025 20th Century History - Then and Now (Run time 46 min.) DVD $59.95

Fifty years into the future, how will computer and communications technology reshape the way Americans work and play? What will be the benefits and consequences of biotechnology? Will third-world nations dominate headline news? This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings examines key moments of the '90s, reflects on changes during the last five decades, and, with the assistance of leading futurists, looks ahead to some of the possible events and innovations just over the horizon. (46 minutes)


#34203 Terrorism - The West Bank Wall: Life on Both Sides (Run time 14 min.) DVD $59.95

A 600-kilometer wall of concrete and barbed wire-Israel's official answer to Palestinian attacks. Visiting the West Bank town of Abu Dis, located on the route of the barrier, this program explains how Israel's solution is a Palestinian problem. Abu Dis business owners, leaders, and everyday citizens communicate a painful reality: the finished wall will bar thousands from their lands and livelihoods, and from nearby Jerusalem. The program balances its perspective by interviewing fearful Israelis as well, and provides a historical outline of modern Israel's origins, the intifadas, and the Oslo accords. A viewable/printable instructor's guide is available online. (14 minutes)


#1481 20th Century History - The Battle of Verdun (Run time 26 min.) DVD $69.95

The battle that marked the turning point of World War I, the epitome of trench warfare, and so costly in human life that France may never have recovered. (26 minutes, b&w)


#1607 20th Century History - 1945: Year of Victory (Run time 20 min.) DVD $69.95

This program contains contemporary newsreels shown to American and British movie audiences at year's end-important not only for the events shown, but for the emphases and biases of the participants in those events. The year 1945 began with V2s targeted on London and the Battle of the Bulge on the Continent. But then events rushed to their inevitable conclusion: the Russian attacks toward Berlin; the Yalta Conference; blistering air attacks on Germany and the crossing of the Rhine; the death of Roosevelt; Soviet and American armies converging; the surrender of Italy and the end of Mussolini; the surrender of the Germans; and the Nuremberg Trials. On the Pacific Front: the recapture of the Philippines and Burma; Iwo Jima and the historic raising of the American flag; the bombing of Tokyo; the invasion of Okinawa; the Potsdam Conference; the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki; the Japanese surrender. This program ends in a tally of the cost of war and a plea for peace. (20 minutes, b&w)


#1610 20th Century History - The Mediterranean Front (Run time 26 min.) DVD $69.95

The campaign to liberate Europe from the Normandy beaches was followed three months later by massive landings on France's Mediterranean coast. Like the forces to the north, this army had to batter its way, town by town, sometimes falling back, but ultimately prevailing until it crossed the Rhine and the Danube.France capitulated quickly to the Germans after the Maginot Line was outflanked, and resentment still runs high among the French that the British used their pitiful evacuation means at Dunkirk to save only the British, leaving the remains of the fighting French to fend for themselves.This program shows the efforts of the "free" French to gather and train in North Africa for the landing and reconquest of France from the south. A hundred thousand French troops took part in the British and American campaign to liberate Italy; the French liberated Corsica in October 1943 and Elba in June 1944; D-Day in the Provence-a major Allied offensive-was August 15, 1944. This program documents the campaign that followed the Mediterranean landings as it fought its way across Europe as far as the Danube, and ends with Marshal Keitel's final surrender. (26 minutes, b&w)


#2468 20th Century History - The Battle of the Marne (Run time 30 min.) DVD $69.95

The Battle of the Marne is the demarcation between the ancient and the modern world, between wars fought with white gloves and those fought by killing machines. This program examines the roots of the First World War: France's humiliating loss of Alsace and Lorraine in 1870; in the growing nationalisms, the pan-Germanism promoted by the Kaiser and the pan-Slavism by Tsar Nicholas; the jealousy and arrogance of the Germans, and their growing industrial power; the decay of the Austro-Hungarian Empire; the intertwining ententes and alliances, the words of honor given that would send millions to their deaths. The program documents the struggles, the forced marches, the uneven confrontation between well-trained soldiers and patriotic farmers; portrays the leaders on both sides; and details the battle of the Marne-a vicious, unbelievably bloody battle that in earlier times would have signaled the end of a war. This one would last four more years, cost nine million lives, and solve nothing. (30 minutes)English


#2562 20th Century History - The '20s: From Illusion to Disillusion (Run time 77 min.) DVD $69.95

The wild and crazy '20s... the Jazz Age... the dangerous decade that laid the groundwork for many of the debacles of the remainder of the century. The end of World War I marked the end of the sufferings of war, and of the standards and expectations of the 19th century: hems came up, morality was redefined, and the search was on for the new. The '20s were a fertile time for artistic innovation and for dictatorships-the cruelties of the Bolshevik Revolution were only a prologue to the works of Stalin; Mussolini rose to power; Poland's democracy died; Hitler's Brown Shirts made themselves known. The decade of technological innovation, of Lindbergh's transatlantic flight and Jack Dempsey's heavyweight championship, of Sacco and Vanzetti, of Fitzgerald and Hemingway, of Coco Chanel and the Charleston ended with the stock market debacle of 1929, the crash heard round the world. (77 minutes, b&w)


#2594 20th Century History - World War II (Run time 33 min.) DVD $69.95

This program covers World War II from the invasion of Poland, soon after dawn on September 1, 1939, to the Nuremberg war trials and the hanging of the convicted Nazi war criminals. It covers the rise of Hitler and Mussolini, the beginning of the war, the Battle of Britain with the Blitz at its height, the occupation of Paris and the evacuation of Dunkirk, the attack on Pearl Harbor, the German invasion of the Soviet Union, the campaigns in North Africa and Sicily, the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, D-Day, the liberation of Paris, the Battle of the Bulge, the Yalta Conference, the Dresden air raids, the liberation of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, the Battle of Berlin, the surrender of the Germans, the war in the Pacific, the dropping of the A-bomb on Hiroshima, and the surrender of the Japanese. (33 minutes, b&w/color)


#2598 20th Century History - World War I (Run time 27 min.) DVD $69.95

From the Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo to the delegates signing the Versailles Treaty, this program covers the events that set off the war and the war itself: the German invasion of Belgium; the Battle of the Marne, of Ypres, Verdun, the Somme, Gallipoli; the naval Battle of Jutland, the sinking of the Blucher, and the German U-boat campaign; airplanes, Zeppelins, and the newly-invented tank; the U.S. entry into the war; the last massive German attack and the Allied counter-attack, while Germany's allies were crumbling; and the most immediate effects of the war: the downfall of Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany, Kaiser Franz-Josef of Austria, and Tsar Nicholas of Russia; the Russian Revolution and the birth of the Soviet State; and the Treaty of Versailles, which was intended to end the bloodiest war of all time but succeeded instead in starting a bloodier one yet. (27 minutes, b&w)


#8046 20th Century History - The UN: It's More Than You Think (Run time 31 min.) DVD $79.95

This informative program provides an accurate profile of the United Nations-its organization, structure, and purpose. It covers the organization from its history and status as an international zone in New York City, to explanations of its role as mediator between developed and developing nations, which often find themselves politically divided. UN officials offer candid revelations about tensions in the UN Security Council, how the balance of power is maintained between negotiating nations, and the changes brought about by the end of the Cold War. The many ways that satellite agencies such as UNICEF impact today's global political environment are discussed. A Cambridge Educational Production. (30 minutes)


#8998 20th Century History - Heaven and Earth: Lindbergh’s Journey (Run time 42 min.) DVD $79.95

Lindbergh's JourneyIn the United States, the 1920s were characterized by a powerful tension that pitted the entrenched force of tradition against the dynamic energy of modernity. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings seeks to understand that conflict through the story of celebrated aviator Charles Lindbergh. Belonging in spirit to a rapidly disappearing small-town America yet a strong believer in progress, Lucky Lindy captured the imagination of the country as he helped to move the world into a new era. (42 minutes)


#8999 20th Century History - Heaven and Earth: First Step (Run time 42 min.) DVD $79.95

"Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed!" With those words, a collective dream of humankind came true. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings observes the first landing on the lunar surface from the perspective of the visionary technicians, scientists, and researchers who, in control rooms and laboratories, made it possible for Neil Armstrong to take his "one small step." Their exploits have paved the way for eventual landings in the 21st century-on Mars. (42 minutes)


#9000 20th Century History - Ultimate Power: Evil Rising (Run time 42 min.) DVD $79.95

How did Adolf Hitler-an Austrian of little means and meager prospects-rise to absolute power in post-World War I Germany? Did the nation's economic and political situation make it inevitable? This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings traces Hitler's amazing ascent from corporal in the Great War through his foray into politics, his imprisonment after the bungled Beer Hall Putsch, his bid for the presidency against Paul von Hindenburg, and his subsequent installment as Chancellor. (42 minutes)


#9001 20th Century History - Ultimate Power: The Race (Run time 42 min.) DVD $79.95

In a devastating instant at Hiroshima, the world was propelled into the age of nuclear armaments. This ABC News program is anchored by Peter Jennings. Set against the backdrop of World War II, it documents the race to invent the atomic bomb: the allied scientists who made it possible, the technological hurdles they overcame, the deep moral issues they confronted, and the responsibility they accepted-knowingly or unknowingly-for the fate of the free world. (42 minutes)


#9002 20th Century History - No Man's Land: The Great War (Run time 42 min.) DVD $79.95

The optimism that fueled the early years of the 20th century vanished as America was drawn into "The War to End All Wars." This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings presents the grim story of World War I-including the Bolshevik revolution, which led to Russia's withdrawal from the conflict-and the fruitless struggles of President Wilson, who sought first to keep America out of the war and then, at its end, to forge a lasting and meaningful peace. (42 minutes)


#9003 20th Century History - No Man's Land: The Fall (Run time 42 min.) DVD $79.95

The image of desperate people clinging to an evacuation helicopter atop the U.S. embassy only hours before North Vietnamese troops arrived is seared into the American consciousness. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings uses the story of South Vietnam's last days as a prism through which the dark side of American foreign involvement can be seen. How did the White House and the Pentagon so completely misjudge America's ability to thwart a people's revolution in Southeast Asia? (42 minutes)


#9004 20th Century History - Memphis Dreams: Innocence and Rebellion (Run time 42 min.) DVD $79.95

Elvis: iconoclastic phenomenon, inciting hysteria in teenagers and indignation in parents. On his way to the top he combined the R&B of the Mississippi delta with rockabilly and tapped into the turbulent forces of youth, sexuality, class, and race, transforming American culture. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings documents the early years of Elvis Presley's career, beginning with his first hits with Sun Records. In the words of John Lennon, "Before Elvis there was nothing." (43 minutes)


#9005 20th Century History - Memphis Dreams: Searching for the Promised Land (Run time 42 min.) DVD $79.95

Searching for the Promised LandWhen Martin Luther King, Jr., was assassinated in 1968, Memphis-like Dallas in 1963-became a symbol of hope extinguished. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings reveals the tragic story of the African-American experience, documenting the brutal reality of slavery, the milestones in the heroic struggle for fundamental rights and self-esteem, and the killing of America's greatest civil rights leader. When will the United States finally move beyond issues of race and ethnicity? (42 minutes)


#9006 20th Century History - Coming Apart: Nothing to Fear (Run time 42 min.) DVD $79.95

Nothing to FearMass unemployment, widespread hunger, and a mood of fearful pessimism and simmering unrest were Herbert Hoover's legacy to America's new chief executive. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings spotlights the early days of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's presidency, where he scrambled to transform the New Deal from a campaign slogan to nothing short of a social revolution-while staving off attacks by those who viewed him as a dictator and his reforms as a threatening turn to the left. (42 minutes)


#9007 20th Century History - Coming Apart: Picture This (Run time 42 min.) DVD $79.95

While the Soviet Union and the United States eyed each other over the Iron Curtain, conservative Americans at all levels of society worried about communist infiltration-especially in the movie industry, since that medium plays a huge role in shaping public perceptions and attitudes. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings reveals a time of McCarthyism and career-ending blacklists, a time when freedom of speech itself became a casualty in the desperate fight to protect democracy from "The Red Menace." (42 minutes)


#9008 20th Century History - The Evolution of Revolution: Live from Tehran (Run time 73 min.) DVD $79.95

During the Carter administration, Iranian students seized the American embassy in Tehran-and 53 American hostages-to begin a standoff that lasted until Ronald Reagan's inauguration 444 days later. What factors prompted that act of terrorism? This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings examines the consequences of an American foreign policy shaped more by a desire to protect an oil-dependent standard of living and oppose communist expansion than to promote democracy. (73 minutes)


#9009 20th Century History - The Evolution of Revolution: Facing the New Millennium (Run time 14 min.) DVD $79.95

Facing the New MillenniumWhat can the costly yet valuable lessons of the past century suggest about the future of the United States, its partners in the Global Village, and planet Earth itself? What will be the long-term impact of the Internet and the Human Genome Project? Who will be the world's new movers and shakers? In this ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings, eminent visionaries share their observations on the last hundred years and offer their predictions regarding events and innovations yet to come. (14 minutes)


#8047 World History & Politics - Forms of Government: What's the Score? (Run time 33 min.) DVD $79.95

Welcome to Forms of Government: What's the Score?, also known as "the world's longest running game show." Today's contestants: Absolute Monarchy, Representative Democracy, Communism, Socialism, and Fascism. The categories are Power, Law and Order, Liberty and Personal Freedom, Social Contract, and Pix and Nix. Who will be the winner? It's up to the viewers to decide, as they judge the merits of the various contestants. As the "contestants" (each representing a different type of government) respond to questions from the host, viewers use a scorecard to rate each form of government on a scale of one to five. The game show format makes it easy to become familiar with the history and basic principles of these five forms of government. The scorecard activity provides a framework for viewers to evaluate the effectiveness of each type of government in each of the five categories, and to compare and discuss their responses. Includes archival footage of government leaders, helping viewers develop a working knowledge of these varying philosophies in governing. A Cambridge Educational Production. One 30-minute video and packet of 25 scorecards.


#784 20th Century History - The Smell of War (Run time min.) DVD $89.95

This is an introduction to a war waiting to happen and shows the conditions and events leading to the spark that set off the Great War. The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand was the spark, but the powder keg consisted of Balkan nationalism threatening the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the ententes and alliances that bound nations to one another, the threatened upsets to the balance of power, imperialist rivalries and industrial competition, and a dizzying accumulation of armaments in search of someone to set them off. Art and music mirror the disjointedness of the age. (20 minutes, b&w)


#785 20th Century History - Stalemate (Run time min.) DVD $89.95

The war that the Germans thought would teach their enemies a lesson taught one to the German side as well: that the world of cavalry charges and Romantic posturing was over; in place of victory, there was stalemate and disillusion. Trench warfare was the new strategy; the Battle of the Marne marked a turning point in war. (20 minutes, b&w)


#787 20th Century History - Il Duce (Run time min.) DVD $89.95

This program is devoted to the rise of Mussolini and Italian fascism; its aim is to show the roots of fascism in Italy and the execution of its seemingly laudable goals of "order" and "discipline." It shows the genuine need for reform and stability, which led to the imposition of totalitarian enforcement of order and discipline; the dawn of the Corporate State, where there are no strikes and all decisions are made in the interest of the State; how Italian youth were converted into fascist youth; and the achievement of peace with the Vatican. The obvious benefits-reducing unemployment and illiteracy-are set against the hidden costs. (20 minutes, b&w)


#790 20th Century History - Tiger at the Gate (Run time min.) DVD $89.95

This program explains reasons for Hitler's appeal and his meteoric rise to power, the developments that gave the Nazis popular support, and the means they used to broaden and consolidate their power. It shows the effects in Germany of defeat in World War I: death, economic stagnation, inflation, fears of Soviet-type revolution; the use of troops to crush local socialist governments; the political purposes of anti-Semitism; the rise of Hitler and his power base; the Hitler-Ludendorff Putsch of 1923; organizing the Stormtroopers; the pivotal role of the middle classes in supporting the Nazis; the uses of propaganda. (20 minutes, b&w)


#791 20th Century History - The Master Race (Run time min.) DVD $89.95

This program shows how and why the Nazi concept of racial superiority developed, and how and why the German nation was organized to achieve it. It focuses on the 1936 Olympics as grist for the German propaganda mill; organized, planned persecution as an element of government policy; political suppression and anti-Semitism; Mein Kampf as a blueprint; the Nuremberg Laws defining racial purity; Joseph Goebbels and the Big Lie; and how German youth were educated to support the goals of the Nazi state. (20 minutes, b&w)


#1609 20th Century History - The Life of Anne Frank (Run time 25 min.) DVD $89.95

The life of Anne Frank told through quotations from her diary, pictures of her hiding place, photos from the Frank family album, and historical documentary footage. The Diary of Anne Frank is a well-known source; this documentary provides its historical background: Germany, where Anne Frank was born in 1929; anti-Semitism as a plank in Nazi policy; the flight of the Frank family to Holland; persecution of the Jews in Holland after the German conquest; the family's clandestine existence until it was betrayed and Anne was deported to Bergen-Belsen. (25 minutes)


#1723 20th Century History - The Cavalry of the Clouds (Run time 52 min.) DVD $89.95

This is the story of the birth of aerial warfare, the reality behind the legend of the "death or glory" boys of the British Royal Flying Corps of World War I. It is told in grim documentary footage that shows the dreadful conditions of the ground warfare so many of the pilots sought to escape by volunteering to fly; fascinating footage of aerial encounters and aerial battles; footage of Baron von Richthoven (the famous Red Baron); and in reminiscences of some of the survivors of a time and a career when men were old at 19, often dead before they were 20, when the life expectancy of a pilot was two weeks. (52 minutes)


#1740 20th Century History - Fact and Fiction in World War II: A Study of Operation Gunnerside (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

History records Operation Gunnerside as a major turning point in the war when, on February 27, 1943, commandos blew up the German heavy-water plant at Telemark in Norway. In the Hollywood version, The Heroes of Telemark prevented the Nazis from building a functioning atomic bomb and (by inference) from winning the war. That's the fiction; the facts-determined from a reenactment of the Telemark Assault Mission, interviews at the scene with the veterans who destroyed the plant, and a search of hitherto classified documents-tell a far different story: of how 34 young marines were sent to certain death in an abortive mission to Norway in 1942, how the plant was rebuilt in just nine months, how the Allies abandoned the subtle tactics of Gunnerside and remorselessly bombed the entire area, and how all evidence now available suggests that the Germans did not even plan to use the Telemark heavy water to make nuclear weapons. This excellent documentary provides a fascinating forum for the study of World War II and our sources of information about it. (26 minutes)


#2273 20th Century History - The Battle of Arnhem (Run time 47 min.) DVD $89.95

This documentary details the story of the Battle of Arnhem, site of the "bridge too far." The program describes Field Marshall Montgomery's "Market Garden" Plan, which called for the capture of all major river crossings in Holland in preparation for the final thrust toward Berlin, and-using British, German, and Dutch film, photo, and sound archives-documents the factors responsible for the terribly costly Allied defeat. (47 minutes, b&w)


#2469 20th Century History - The Battle of Gallipoli (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

If wars, as they say, are lost, not won, then the entire Dardanelles campaign, and the Battle of Gallipoli in particular, is a catalogue of all the possible mistakes that can be made in war: poor or non-existent information; lack of coordination; wrangling and jealousy between commanders; political interference; insufficient supplies; bad luck; stupidity; and a superior enemy. None of these and all of these combined explain the gross errors which resulted in the Dardanelles campaign being undertaken at all, or the way in which it was carried out. This chilling documentary traces the course of the entire Dardanelles campaign, which cost so many tens of thousands of lives, paved the way for the Russian Revolution, toppled the government of Turkey, and affected the outcome of World War I not a single whit. (30 minutes)


#2668 20th Century History - The Phony War (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

It is 1938 and Chamberlain goes to Munich to bargain with Hitler for "peace in our time." It was not to be. Instead, Hitler invades Czechoslovakia; Britain introduces conscription as trenches are dug and sandbags appear throughout London. Poland is invaded and Britain declares war. London evacuates its children and the British Expeditionary Force embarks for France. British shipping is being sunk, but this is nevertheless the "Phony War." Blackouts are introduced and traffic accidents double. Churchill replaces Chamberlain. The BEF is routed in France and the disaster of Dunkirk becomes a miracle. De Gaulle flies to London as Paris falls. (58 minutes, b&w)


#2669 20th Century History - The Battle of Britain (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

June 1940 and Western Europe is under German domination. German bombers shell channel convoys and the RAF is drawn into battle. The British public contributes pots and pans and scrap metal to build airplanes. The Home Guard-the local volunteer defense force-numbers one-and-a-half million men but only 70,000 rifles. As Italy enters the war, Americans fear that Britain will be defeated. Britain sustains heavy losses as the Germans bomb aircraft factories. Air raid shelters become part of everyday life as 1,000-bomber raids over London become a nightly event. The Blitz has begun. (58 minutes, b&w)


#2670 20th Century History - The Blitz (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

The final phase of the Battle of Britain takes place as the Blitz continues. One Londoner in every six is made homeless, but Hitler fails to gain supremacy of the air and the invasion of Britain is cancelled. Despite the pounding of London, morale remains high among Londoners. The Luftwaffe broadens its targets with attacks on Britain's major ports and an appallingly destructive raid on Coventry. Atlantic convoys suffer as U-boat packs exact a heavy toll. Over 40,000 are killed in the Blitz. (58 minutes, b&w)


#2671 20th Century History - The Tide Turns (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

The shared suffering has created a new comradeship and determination-"London can take it!" Americans are told. Nevertheless, one military disaster follows another as Rommel triumphs in North Africa. Britain suffers acute shortages of food, as three merchant ships on average are sunk every day. Food rationing is introduced, and the U.S. begins its Lend-Lease program. Women contribute as never before, working in factories, in the women's branches of the armed forces, and in civil defense. Gradually, thanks to the intervention of the United States and the German debacle on the Russian front, the tide begins to turn in the West. (58 minutes, b&w)


#2672 20th Century History - The Final Chapter (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

Hitler suffers crushing defeat in Russia, though at enormous cost to the Soviets. Three million fighting men (and some women) are stationed in the U.K., poised to invade Europe. D-Day is the 6th of June, and within days of the first landing, over 300,000 Allied soldiers are fighting on French soil. The French resistance fights street battles in Paris as the Allies approach. V-1 and V-2 bombs pose a new threat to London, but by April, Berlin is surrounded and Hitler is said to commit suicide. Germany is defeated, but the war against Japan will continue for a further three months. (58 minutes, b&w)


#3059 20th Century History - The Suicide of a Camp Survivor: The Case of Primo Levi (Run time 72 min.) DVD $89.95

This is the story of an assimilated Italian Jew, a chemist of no particular renown whose efforts to survive in fascist Italy were finally thwarted when he was deported to Auschwitz, where he survived through no effort of his own while tens of thousands around him were slaughtered-people possibly nobler, more valuable than he. He emerged from the experience a superb writer and a scarred man, who in his works sought to remember, bear witness to, and above all understand the human qualities that emerge on the sharp edge of despair. He survived the camp, burning with the need to tell how it was; and when he had done so and said it all, he gave in to depression and ended his life. (72 minutes)


#4903 20th Century History - From D-Day to the Rhine (Run time 87 min.) DVD $89.95

This program with Bill Moyers chronicles the return of World War II veterans to the battlefields of their youth. From D-Day to the Rhine follows the veterans as they go ashore at Normandy, move on through the Ardennes, visit battle sites such as the Battle of the Bulge, and wind up finally at the Rhine. Personal recollections are interspersed with archival footage of the battles they fought, from Omaha Beach to Bastogne to Malmedy. The program also features historian Stephen E. Ambrose, who calls the battle "the supreme challenge of democracy in this century." Ambrose points out that the American soldier's ability to improvise on D-Day-when the situation turned out to be much worse than expected-may have saved the day. "The Americans sized up the situation, they seized the initiative... in a way, the German officers were not capable... on D-Day they sat and waited for orders." (87 minutes)


#5187 20th Century History - Beate Klarsfeld: Bringing Nazi War Criminals to Justice (Run time 25 min.) DVD $89.95

Neither Jewish nor a lawyer, Beate Klarsfeld is nonetheless one of the most effective and tireless pursuers of Nazi war criminals. She has been jailed, beaten, and car-bombed, yet her uncompromising sense of morality and justice has made her one of the world's most feared and respected Nazi-hunters. In this program, the woman who brought Klaus Barbie, among others, to justice, describes her work in documenting, tracking down, and punishing those who planned and ordered the extermination of Jews during the Holocaust. (25 minutes)


#5352 20th Century History - Children of the Holocaust (Run time 51 min.) DVD $89.95

About one-third of adult European Jews survived the Nazis' Final Solution, but only seven percent of children. This program tells the stories of four people who, as children, survived the Holocaust: Yehuda Bacon, one of 28 survivors out of a group of 15,000 Czech children sent to Theresienstadt and now an artist living in Israel, who describes the incredible twists of fate that kept him alive; Sophie Reichman, hidden by a non-Jewish family, who describes how she was unable to say good-bye to her mother; Janek Webber, one of only 200 Polish children to survive, who was smuggled out of the Cracow ghetto in his father's suitcase; Shmuel Sheler, whose mother bribed a peasant woman to take the 12-year-old boy back to Budapest after his family was driven out of the city and who survived by scavenging in the streets. Had Anne Frank survived, what might her story have been? (51 minutes)


#6495 20th Century History - The Bielski Brothers (Run time 53 min.) DVD $89.95

The Bielski Brothers commanded the largest Jewish partisan group operating in occupied Europe during World War II. They saved the lives of more Jews than Oscar Schindler and took revenge against hundreds of Nazis and collaborators. Remarkably, their story has never been told before on film. This moving and powerful program tells their unique story and how they built an entire town to house their 1,500 members half-underground in the primordial forests of Byelorussia. The program shows how the twin motivations of survival and revenge drove the Bielski partisans to succeed at all costs. The two surviving Bielski Brothers, who agreed to be interviewed for the first time in this program, explain how their unit was organized, and what life was like for the partisans in their four-year battle to survive and to seek revenge. (53 minutes)


#7062 20th Century History - The U.S. Military: Waging Peace (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

This program examines the U.S. role as the world peacekeeper in the post-Cold War era. We learn how the U.S., the world's only remaining superpower, is retraining its forces to maintain peace in volatile areas around the globe. Military experts discuss the difficulties that occur when UN forces intervene in the internal disputes of nations. U.S. peacekeeping missions in Bosnia, Somalia, and other trouble spots are used to demonstrate the pitfalls of humanitarian military operations. A U.S. Army Brigadier General and an expert on international law offer insights into the issue. (29 minutes)


#7063 20th Century History - Tribal Conflicts: New Role for the Military (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

A nation used to be defined as a community with a common language, culture, history, and religion, capable of economic and political independence, equipped to defend itself militarily. The definition has changed, as evidenced in Ireland, the Balkans, and the former Soviet Union, where factions within nations vie for supremacy. This program explores the difficulties that this new reality presents for U.S. peacekeeping operations. (29 minutes)


#7897 20th Century History - Governments Caring for People (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

This program explores how governments can provide services for their people, even when resources are scarce. The challenges facing post-Soviet Russia and its pensioners are examined, as well as the ways that countries such as Chile have successfully provided for their growing population of senior citizens. Unemployment programs in Senegal are discussed. The campaign of street people in India who successfully lobbied government to provide them with proper housing is examined. (30 minutes)


#7898 20th Century History - Regulation of Industry (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

This program takes a look at what the state can do to promote and regulate industry, focusing on examples in Korea's shipbuilding and auto industries, on Chile's telecommunications industry, and on Tanzania's burgeoning beer-producing industry. Also examined are Uganda's efforts to promote small business, and the ways in which India is building the foundation for successful rural industries. (30 minutes)


#7899 20th Century History - Cleaning Up Corruption (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

This program takes viewers to Uganda, Brazil, and Singapore, where anti-corruption measures are opening up government and succeeding in producing less bureaucratic, more effective programs for citizens. Interviews with citizens who are demanding more participation in government decision-making provide fascinating insights into the workings of three vastly different societies. (30 minutes)


#8677 20th Century History - The Origin and Development of NATO (Run time 21 min.) DVD $89.95

Post-World War II celebration among the Allies quickly turned to fear and suspicion as country after country in Europe fell under the domination of the Soviet Union. In this program, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Warsaw Pact alliances are studied, along with NATO's Cold War policy of containment, designed to keep the Soviet "iron curtain" from encroaching further upon western Europe. The Marshall Plan, the Berlin Airlift, China's shift to communism, and the Korean Conflict are also examined. After more than 40 years of tension, a combination of unrelenting NATO vigilance and the changing attitudes within the U.S.S.R.-plus its economic collapse and subsequent loss of power-brought an end to Cold War concerns about a superpower struggle that could have ignited World War III. (21 minutes)


#10298 20th Century History - World War I: Clash of Empires (Run time 37 min.) DVD $89.95

Preceded by a rush of naive optimism, World War I swiftly demonstrated the awful might and unheroic nature of modern warfare, shattering European innocence and pulling America onto the world stage. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings documents the course of the war that blighted a generation-and the punitive peace that ensured future enmity. From the prewar arms race between Germany and Britain to the stalemate on the Western Front, Germany's last grab for victory, America's knock-out blow, and the Treaty of Versailles, the program offers an overview of a catastrophic chapter of 20th-century history. (37 minutes)


#10299 20th Century History - World War II, Part 1: Into the Storm (Run time 54 min.) DVD $89.95

This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings plots out Adolf Hitler's rise to power, in which he used charisma, guile, and aggression to forge an iron-clad dictatorship from the economic chaos of the 1930s. The Spanish Civil War-proving ground for the inevitable war to come-is addressed, and World War II in Europe is surveyed, spanning events from the blitzkrieg against Poland to the invasion of the Soviet Union. The war against the Jews is also featured, as the Nuremberg laws and Kristallnacht foreshadowed the Fuhrer's "final solution." (54 minutes)


#10300 20th Century History - World War II, Part 2: A Time of Reckoning (Run time 36 min.) DVD $89.95

As Hitler's armies reached their high-water mark in the Soviet Union, Japanese expansion spelled trouble for an isolationist America. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings describes Japan's bid for Asian dominance, starting with the Rape of Nanking, and subsequent defeat by the Allies. Highlights of America's involvement in the war against the Axis nations include the Pearl Harbor attack, mobilization and the war effort on the homefront, the push from Normandy to the Rhine, island-hopping in the Pacific, dropping the A-bombs, and the prosecution of war criminals. (36 minutes)


#10301 20th Century History - Confronting Communism: And the Walls Came Tumbling Down (Run time 61 min.) DVD $89.95

From the rise of Lenin to the fall of the Berlin Wall, the 20th century witnessed the birth and death of the Soviet Union. This ABC News program anchored by Peter Jennings confronts the impact of Bolshevism, from the Russian Revolution to the Cold War, featuring the spread of Communism to China, the Korean War, the Berlin Airlift, McCarthyism, the Hungarian uprising, Sputnik, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Vietnam War, glasnost and perestroika, and the raising of the Iron Curtain. (62 minutes)


#36216 20th Century History - World War I: The War in Europe (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

This program illustrates the events of World War I as it was waged in the conflict's primary theater of operations, Europe. Topics include the root causes of the war and the military alliances that ignited it; the introduction of modern weaponry such as machine guns, poison gas, fighter planes, and U-boats; America's decisive involvement, including the participation of women and African-Americans; U.S. economic policies; and public support for the war effort. Correlates to standards from the National Council for the Social Studies. A viewable/printable instructor's guide is available online. (29 minutes)


#36219 20th Century History - The Great Depression (Run time 31 min.) DVD $89.95

From the collapse of the stock market on October 29, 1929-Black Tuesday-to the many federal initiatives designed to revive the faltering U.S. economy, this program offers an insightful overview of life during the Great Depression. The presidential administrations of Herbert Hoover and FDR; the New Deals and their effects on labor, conservation, and cultural life; the Dust Bowl; and the Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act are discussed. Correlates to standards from the National Council for the Social Studies. A viewable/printable instructor's guide is available online. (31 minutes)


#36221 20th Century History - World War II: The World at War (Run time 31 min.) DVD $89.95

Starting with Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, this program follows the United States through its mobilization for war and into battle in North Africa, Europe, and the Pacific. It also explains the dramatic domestic changes that total war made necessary-from rationing and recycling, to war bonds and government economic controls, to new roles for women in society-and the dawning of the Atomic Age, with its perilous implications for the postwar world. Correlates to standards from the National Council for the Social Studies. A viewable/printable instructor's guide is available online. (30 minutes)


#36376 20th Century History - Kofi Annan: UN Secretary-General, 1997-2006 (Run time 27 min.) DVD $89.95

Professing the goal of "bringing the United Nations closer to the people," Secretary-General Kofi Annan ushered in a new era of UN involvement with international social and medical issues. This program features the Ghanaian-born diplomat's ideas about the role of the UN in today's world, with particular attention to the so-called Millennium Goals of ending poverty and inequality, increasing access to education, fighting AIDS, protecting the environment, and preventing humanitarian crises due to violent conflicts. Annan also poignantly shares his thoughts about the loss of Sergio Vieira de Mello and 22 others in the 2003 bombing of the UN's Baghdad headquarters. (27 minutes)


#37446 20th Century History - Bill Moyers Journal: June 1, 2007 (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

Former Democratic senator Bob Kerrey is making his case for a refocused mission in Iraq. The 9/11 Commission member and Vietnam war veteran tells Bill Moyers why having U.S. military forces in Iraq is necessary in fighting terrorism, but calls for a bipartisan plan to end U.S. policing and occupation in the war-torn nation. Also on the program: Joan Claybrook, one of Washington's most influential public advocates, discusses ethical reforms under consideration in Congress. In addition, Bill Moyers shares his perspective on the Vietnam war in an essay featuring archival audio of a conversation between President Lyndon Johnson and U.S. National Security Advisor McGeorge Bundy. Broadcast date: June 1, 2007. (58 minutes)


#2282 Global Studies - The Worlds Beyond the Sea (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

The thirst for adventure, for power, for wealth fueled the age of exploration by sea. This required the building of bigger and better ships, whose ability to judge where they were depended on the construction of accurate instruments, including the clock. This program covers the distance between Melville's Moby Dick and Jules Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, from fear and superstitition to confidence that the sea can be mastered by technology-and to the reality, which lies somewhere in between. (26 minutes)


#2284 Global Studies - The Container Revolution (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

The program documents how the development of the computer-operated container ship has altered the geography of the earth. Amsterdam, once the center of a triving Dutch maritime empire, has today been eclipsed by Rotterdam, a huge container port. This program traces the westward journey of a Chinese container ship past the rotting installations of once-thriving Liverpool and the empty docks of Wales which once were filled with the coal that powered the steamships, past the obsolete piers of New York, to Jamaica-which has adapted and survived-and on, through the Panama Canal, across the Pacific and, after Japan, back to Taiwan. (26 minutes)


#2286 Global Studies - Farming the Sea (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

Those who fish commercially are trappers at heart, so they say. This program shows that despite that reputation, the fishing industry has made serious efforts to farm fish-to breed them in captivity and either harvest them under controlled conditions, or release them into the sea for the purpose of replenishing natural stocks. (26 minutes)


#2287 Global Studies - The Return of the Child: The Effects of El Nino (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

This program charts the birth and development of the weather system "El Nino," so-called because it occurs at the time Christmas is celebrated. The most severe El Nino on record was first noticed in 1982. In Peru, the fishing water was 15 degrees above normal and the catch small; and in Australia, the worst drought in a century turned the continent into a giant dustbowl, with mini-tornadoes sucking away the topsoil. In February 1983, a giant dust storm darkened Melbourne; drought hit India; heavy seas and high tides pounded the western U.S.; and hurricanes battered Polynesia. This program shows the ferocity of El Nino, relates it to the ocean waters, and traces the roots of humankind's study of waves, ocean currents, and the interaction of sea and sky. (26 minutes)


#2288 Global Studies - Mapping the Weather (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

This program covers the weather in all its aspects: how it is measured, the efforts to forecast it, its economic and human effects. The immensely complex physics, chemistry, and mathematics scientists use to study the atmospheric system-from the sun, through the interplanetary medium, to the upper radial reflecting areas of the earth's atmosphere, down to the surface of the earth and the bottom of the seas-contrast starkly with the paltry human efforts to cope with the effects of a system like El Nino. (26 minutes)


#2289 Global Studies - Struggle for the Seas: The Development of Fighting Ships (Run time 24 min.) DVD $89.95

This program covers the history of naval battles, from the Battle of Salamis, in 480 B.C., in which the Greeks in their triremes outwitted the Persians; to the Battle of Lepanto, notable because it marked the first sinking of a naval vessel by gunfire; to the British defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588. (24 minutes)


#2290 Global Studies - The Modern Navy (Run time 28 min.) DVD $89.95

Beginning with the H.M.S. Bounty and the Battle of Trafalgar, this program shows how ships were turned into more and more powerful and brutal killing machines. It illustrates the change from the 19th-century naval objective-national prestige-to the modern goal of mobility; it also covers the establishment and growth of the Naval War College in Newport, RI, analyzes the difference between theory and operation, shows the first major fleet action since Trafalgar, the Battle of Tsushima and the Russian defeat by the Japanese navy, and the World War I Battle of Jutland. Covering the great battles of the Pacific in World War II, the program shows the rise of the aircraft carrier and questions its political as well as its strategic future. (28 minutes)


#2291 Global Studies - Treasures of Neptune: Klondike on the Ocean Floor (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

The discovery of valuable resources on the ocean floor created first wealth, then havoc. From individual pearl divers to vast industrial drilling rigs, the development of new technologies for bringing to the surface what was once locked beneath the waters has yielded wealth and jobs and destroyed marine ecosystems. This program looks at the recovery systems now in use, from underwater scoops and shovels, to giant vacuum cleaners that suck up everything in their path; explains the relationship between plate tectonics and mineral deposits beneath the sea; and shows how the ocean floor is being mapped to show the face of the earth beneath the water. (26 minutes)


#2292 Global Studies - Whose Sea This Is (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

Private property on land is generally accepted. Is the sea different? Does it belong to all people, is its healthy existence too important to all to be left in the hands of some? This program examines the Law of the Sea, and the political, nationalistic, economic, and individual problems that prevent nations from doing what must clearly be done. The prime example is the case of Japan filling in part of the sea around an island in order to appear to be obeying the letter of the Law of the Sea. In view of the size and importance of the sea and the advances in technology for destroying it, this is a problem that must be solved and will not brook much postponement. (26 minutes)


#2293 Global Studies - The Healing Sea: Life Under Water (Run time 25 min.) DVD $89.95

The sea gave birth to life, therefore the sea may contain the secrets of life-or at least some of them. Since the invention of means of delving beneath the waters, scientists have indeed found an immense diversity of life-forms, some still being catalogued, others already providing clues to the basic life processes. This program shows some of the work done by Metchnikoff in studying animal defense mechanisms, and experiments with sea urchins that provide a model for understanding the physiology of animal fertlization. (25 minutes)


#2295 Global Studies - The Ocean Planet: The Death of the Mississippi (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

Human ingenuity makes it possible to cultivate cold-water lobsters in Hawaiian waters; human recklessness causes environmental disasters like the Alaska oil spill. This program examines the impact of recklessness on that mighty river, the Mississippi-once the subject of song, myth, and folktale, declared a "wild and scenic river" a few decades ago, lifeline down the center of the country. Today the Mississippi is a veritable sewer and its bayous are an oily, deadly mess of chromium, mercury, lead, and other toxic substances-proof that declarations will not save the rivers of the world. (23 minutes)


#2296 Global Studies - The Ocean Sink (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

Governments at all levels are slow to protect their own environments, wanting proof of damage before acting. The dancing cats of Minimata are the emblem of this syndrome-their nervous systems destroyed by mercury-laced fish. Industrial waste containing mercury was poured into Japanese waters; fish absorbed the mercury; humans-as well as cats-ate the fish, and hundreds died, or were disabled or deformed. It took 20 years for injured parties to obtain compensation. This program visits other sites around the world to reveal what happens when the sea is used as a dumping ground and to show how difficult it is to solve waste disposal problems, even when the problems are recognized. For where is waste to go? (29 minutes)


#5934 Global Studies - Social Issues of Global Importance (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

The World Summit for Social Development was held in Denmark in March of 1995. This program highlights the efforts of participants at the summit to seek ways of eradicating poverty, building solidarity, and creating jobs. Featured in the program are: Chilean Ambassador, Juan Somavia; Jan Birket-Smith, Director of Non-Governmental Organizations for the Forum; and James Olson, Director of International Programs at the United Nations Association. (29 minutes)


#5935 Global Studies - Finding Solutions to Poverty and Social Integration (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

The World Summit for Social Development was held in Denmark in March of 1995. This program profiles how the world leaders who gathered at the summit responded to the global problems of poverty and social integration. Featured in the program are: South African President Nelson Mandela; Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso; and Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland. (29 minutes)


#5936 Global Studies - A Job for the World (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

Employment is a worldwide issue that affects all people who need to earn a living, not just those in the U.S. This program explores the response of world leaders to unemployment, underemployment, and an unstable work environment. Featured on the program are: Robert Savio, Secretary General of the Society for International Development; Patricia Feeney, Policy Advisor for Oxfam, United Kingdom; and Bella Abzug, former U.S. Congresswoman. (29 minutes)


#6626 Global Studies - Central America: Costa Rica (Run time 20 min.) DVD $89.95

The topics of economic development, education, and self-help are featured in this program. We see how the country uses coffee and banana exports to propel itself forward as a developing nation; how and why it chose educating its people over building an army; and how it remains a peaceful democratic anomaly in Latin America. A second segment shows how the country uses its bamboo supplies to construct homes for the poor. (20 minutes)


#6627 Global Studies - Central America: Cuba (Run time 17 min.) DVD $89.95

Topics featured in this program include the preservation of cultural heritage and the environment. Specifically, the program discusses the many historical sites of Havana that have been saved from destruction by UNESCO; a second segment talks about efforts under way to rescue the Bay of Havana from the ravages of pollution. (17 minutes)


#6628 Global Studies - South America: Brazil (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

Human rights, environmental issues, and Brazil's drug problem are featured in this program. The efforts of ethnologist Porfirio Carvailho to save the Waimiri-Atraori Indians of the Amazon from extinction are detailed. A second segment shows how Sweden and Brazil are cooperating in the development of energy from biomass. A third segment focuses on the drug problem in Sao Paulo and a soccer program designed to save city youths from lives of drugs and crime. (29 minutes)


#6629 Global Studies - South America: Paraguay (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

Economic development issues, politics, and human rights are featured in this program. The first segment details the 35-year reign of terror under dictator General Alfredo Stroessner, and the country's efforts to forget its painful political past. The second segment shows how the country provides economic assistance to its hordes of street vendors. A third segment details the plight of the Pai Indians, and how devastation of the Amazon forest is depriving them of life resources. (29 minutes)


#6630 Global Studies - Africa: Tunisia, Libya, Egypt (Run time 31 min.) DVD $89.95

Women's issues, health, and population growth are featured in this program. Tunisia, a diverse nation of open-minded people, is also predominantly Muslim. Women, however, share equal rights with men and hold jobs from police officers to airline pilots. In Libya, the UN is attempting to stamp out the killer screwworm fly before it spreads throughout Africa, southern Europe, and Asia. A third segment documents Egypt's ongoing struggle to balance its growing population with limited resources and land mass. (31 minutes)


#6631 Global Studies - Africa: Sierra Leone, Ghana, Kenya (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

The plight of minority populations, international trade agreements, and preservation of wildlife are featured in this program. In refugee camps in Sierra Leone, 850,000 Liberians are welcomed by its residents, who share with them their meager resources. Ghana's economy is based on cocoa. A 1993 agreement between producer and consumer nations has brought production in line with demand, and ensured adequate cocoa supplies at fair prices. Internationally known Kenyan anthropologist Richard Leakey struggles to safeguard the country's large wild animal reserve from poachers. (26 minutes)


#6632 Global Studies - Africa: Tanzania, Mozambique, Lesotho (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

Health efforts, peace negotiations, and minority and political issues are featured in this program. UN efforts in Tanzania to eradicate schistosomiasis--a tropical disease affecting 200 million people-are detailed. Families displaced by the 16-year Mozambique civil war are beginning to reunite, because of recent UN peace accords. Positive political changes in South Africa hold no promise of a better life for the men of neighboring Lesotho, who are the main labor source for South African gold mines. (29 minutes)


#6633 Global Studies - Asia: Mongolia, China, Nepal (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

Economic transition and wildlife preservation are featured in this program. Mongolia finds itself free of Soviet domination but without currency and facing an economic crisis. A young Englishman dedicates himself to protecting and preserving the panda population of China, whose land is being taken over by Chinese farmers. And in Nepal, Kanchha, a two-year-old rhinoceros, is one of the country's 500-member rhinoceros population which is threatened with extinction. Efforts to save them are detailed. (30 minutes)


#6634 Global Studies - Asia: Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam (Run time 28 min.) DVD $89.95

Progress versus culture, preserving archaeological sites, and rebuilding war-torn nations are featured in this program. A Frenchman and a Laotian are working together to improve the lives of local farmers in Laos by incorporating the farmers' opinions and cultural concerns. In Cambodia, efforts by the UN to preserve Angkor Wat, the famous archaeological site and temple in Angkor, are detailed. In Vietnam, 62-year-old American Bob Sidell is helping the people of Dai Loc to rebuild infrastructures and generally improve their lives. (28 minutes)


#6635 Global Studies - South Pacific-Oceania: The Philippines, Kiribati (Run time 22 min.) DVD $89.95

Cultural and environmental deprivation are featured in this program. The first part details efforts under way to improve the lives of the 150,000 people living on the active "Smoky Mountain" volcano near Manila, where the city dumps its garbage. Life on the South Pacific island of Kiribati is shown as something less than paradise. Isolation, poor soils, limited resources, scarce drinking water, and frequent, devastating hurricanes make life a daily struggle for residents. (22 minutes)


#6637 Global Studies - Ecology and the Environment: Galapagos, Mauritania, Madagascar (Run time 33 min.) DVD $89.95

George, the last living Galapagos turtle in the archipelago, is mascot to some Galapagos children who are trying to save other threatened species. Mauritania, a country of transition between the desert and the Sahel zone, is shown in a death struggle with the desert, which has advanced from 50 to 100 miles into its territory over the past 15 to 20 years. The final segment focuses on Madagascar's unique medicinal plant life, including the periwinkle used in an anti-leukemia drug. Questions are posed as to how the plant life can be preserved and the wisdom of its traditional healers utilized. (33 minutes)


#6638 Global Studies - Economic Development: Colombia, Bolivia, India (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

Efforts by Colombian peasants to help themselves by constructing decent, sturdy homes are documented in the first segment of this program. The second segment shows how Bolivian Indians have increased their farm yields by up to 1,000 percent, using an ancient cultivating system of raised beds and canals called "sukakollus." A third segment examines the question of how Germany, which bans the import of products processed with the chemical pentachlorophenol, can protect the environment without penalizing poor Indians who rely on the leather industry for economic survival. (30 minutes)


#6639 Global Studies - Human Rights: Haiti, Turkey, Oman (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

The first segment of this program documents Haiti's two-century struggle to end violence and institute voting rights for its people. In Turkey, 300,000 Bulgarian citizens exiled by Bulgaria's outgoing Communist regime are making new lives for themselves and their families. In Oman, economic windfalls from the 1967 oil boom have done little to reduce high rates of illiteracy among women. (30 minutes)


#6640 Global Studies - Drugs and Health: Peru, Uganda, Turkey (Run time 31 min.) DVD $89.95

In Peru, where drug dealers are exploiting local Indians for their supplies of coca leaf to manufacture cocaine, a new program is encouraging cultivation of coffee and "cochinilla," a natural coloring, to improve the tribe's economy and discourage production of the leaf. A second segment discusses the 10-year Uganda civil war, which, combined with a raging AIDS epidemic, could leave 5 million children orphaned by the year 2000. In Turkey, Doctor Gulay Isik, an anesthesiologist, is introducing the art of acupuncture to a skeptical Turkish population. (31 minutes)


#7931 Global Studies - Global Capitalism and the Moral Imperative (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

In the rising tide of the global economy, some boats are riding high, and some are being left high and dry. Moral leaders warn that global laissez-faire is producing consequences similar to those of the 19th century, when gaps between rich and poor kept thousands in abject poverty for generations. In this new era of social Darwinism, moral leaders are asking who in the world community will care for the needs of the poor, and how it will be accomplished. If economic and political reforms are necessary, as they were in the 19th century, we must determine who will initiate them, and how they will be enforced. (29 minutes)


#29436 Global Studies - A World Without Borders: What Is Happening with Globalization (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

As globalization gains momentum, industrialized and developing countries are, to a greater or lesser extent, becoming increasingly similar, with middle-class luxury and abject poverty coexisting side by side. This program explores the repercussions of globalization as well as a growing resentment toward the G8 countries and nongovernmental organizations. Concerns over third-world debt, environmental degradation, biodiversity, the concentration of power, and the future of democracy are aired by globally oriented young adults who are poised to inherit a world without borders...or rules. (26 minutes)


#29437 Global Studies - The Global Marketplace: The Benefits of Globalization (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

In an age of globalization, companies are scrambling to blend the ideals of social justice with the concept of a free-market economy. Drawing on case studies from around the world, this program focuses on progressive efforts being made by businesses to unite profits and principles. Issues under consideration include the practice of social responsibility through ethical investment policies and codes of conduct, the human and environmental costs of unscrupulous manufacturing, and a renewed emphasis on good employee/employer and supplier/retailer relations. (26 minutes)


#29438 Global Studies - Global Partnerships: The Effects of Globalization (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

While governments and industries reshape the world on a grand scale, countless individuals have pledged themselves to facilitating change at the grassroots level, one village at a time. This program interviews North American and European volunteers and the people in developing countries who are receiving their humanitarian and political assistance. By living together and sharing cultural experiences, both volunteers and aid recipients are helping to bring into clearer perspective their mutual concerns about human rights violations and exploitation of the environment. (26 minutes)


#29439 Global Studies - The Global Neighborhood: What Can Happen with Globalization (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

Globalization is uniting the people of planet Earth as political and economic forces work to create a more centralized world. Internal affairs of sovereign nations are no longer off limits to the global community, and the principle of humanitarian intervention is gaining widespread acceptance. This program documents the efforts of nongovernmental organizations such as Oxfam and the World Wildlife Fund to take collective action on issues of international importance, including homelessness, environmental stewardship, and equitable trade. (26 minutes)


#29440 Global Studies - Global Grassroots: The Ramifications of Globalization (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

Faced with increasing cuts in government aid, grassroots organizations in the industrialized world are learning valuable lessons from their counterparts in developing countries. Never having had government funding, third-world assistance programs are showing them how to implement support-free community-based initiatives. This program demonstrates how "sweat equity" and other techniques are being used to help people cope with two of the downsides of globalization: the disappearance of social safety nets and the widening gap between the world's haves and have-nots. (26 minutes)


#29441 Global Studies - The Global Dimension: The Risks of Globalization (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

Despite unprecedented growth in the world economy as a whole, some 1.5 billion people in developing countries live in extreme poverty, and the living conditions for twice that number are almost as deplorable. This program investigates how both trade and financial aid are being used to help Costa Rica and other third-world nations bridge the technological divide and gain much-needed know-how so that they can improve their ways of life and prosper in the burgeoning global economy. (26 minutes)


#30036 Global Studies - The Curse of Congo: A Story of Wealth, Exploitation, and Ruin (Run time 61 min.) DVD $89.95

A century ago, it was ivory and rubber. Today it is diamonds, gold, and tantalum-rich coltan, a substance vital to the manufacture of high-tech electronics. In this ABC News program, Ted Koppel delivers three successive reports on the bleak prospects of the noncombatant Congolese population, caught in the crossfire of opposing armies, decimated by disease and malnutrition, and exploited by the greed of others for their nation's valuable natural resources. First, Mr. Koppel spotlights the crisis in Kisangani, a city epitomizing the desperate conditions facing a population only a step away from total collapse. Next, he profiles a middle-aged widow living in Bukavu who does heavy labor to support her ten children. And finally he returns to Kisangani, where he addresses the co-opting of the region's diamond trade. (61 minutes)


#30708 Global Studies - Tracking Foreign Aid: What Becomes of American Food Relief? (Run time 22 min.) DVD $89.95

Burlap sacks of grain being hauled aboard a ship is a familiar image of relief aid. While the intentions behind such efforts are unquestionable, do food shipments reach the people who so desperately need them? In this program, ABC News correspondent Martin Seemungal follows one such shipment of American grain as it makes its way to the African country of Malawi, a nation teetering on the edge of disaster. Seemungal explores the political and logistical difficulties as well as the outright danger of distributing the food. (22 minutes)


#32556 Global Studies - NOW with Bill Moyers: Benjamin Barber on Globalization (Run time 27 min.) DVD $89.95

Are capitalism and democracy mutually exclusive? Benjamin Barber does not think so. In this program, Bill Moyers talks with Barber, the author of the best-selling Jihad vs. McWorld: Terrorism's Challenge to Democracy and University of Maryland's Gershon and Carol Kekst Professor of Civil Society. Their lively discussion explores the promise, as well as the peril, of the emerging new world order, examining recent political and economic events in the light of what Professor Barber deems the two fundamental forces at work behind them: globalism and tribalism. (27 minutes)


#33073 Global Studies - Water for the Fields (Run time 27 min.) DVD $89.95

No matter where on Earth, the one human activity that consumes the most water is the one that wastes the most: agriculture. From locations around the world, this program surveys both disasters of agricultural irrigation, such as cotton farming in Uzbekistan, and innovative successes in water-efficient techniques and crops, such as in California and India. Numerous examples illustrate the destructive effects of deforestation and overgrazing, the difficulty of fighting erosion and reclaiming arable soil, and the urgency of the motto: more crop per drop. (27 minutes)


#33074 Global Studies - Water for the Cities (Run time 27 min.) DVD $89.95

This program takes a hard look at the mounting challenge of providing millions of people in urban areas with potable water and adequate disposal of waste water. To highlight the difficulties, segments focus on the water problems of the megalopolis, cities with populations of over ten million people, such as Lagos, Jakarta, and Mexico City. The massive logistics that enable Las Vegas to prosper in the middle of a desert are also explored. (27 minutes)


#33076 Global Studies - Water for Profit (Run time 27 min.) DVD $89.95

The moment demand outpaces supply, water becomes a commodity to be traded in the global market. But who owns the rights to water? And how can a price be set on water? In this program, the pros and cons of privatization are assessed in a number of water management situations around the world: Aguas Argentina in Buenos Aires; the Bechtel corporation in Cochabamba, Bolivia; Thames Water company in Jakarta; and a public/private test partnership in Albania. Corporate representatives, anti-privatization activists, farmers, and industry experts offer commentary from all sides of the issue. (27 minutes)


#33077 Global Studies - Waters of Discord (Run time 27 min.) DVD $89.95

Almost half the world gets its drinking water from rivers that cross national boundaries. Analysts predict that more wars will be fought over water than oil. This program surveys a number of active or potential hot spots: Israel and the river Jordan; the Southeastern Anatolia Project in Turkey and its effects on Syria and Iraq; Egypt's Toshka Canal and the Nile Basin Initiative; and the Tehri dam in India. The program also looks at the effects of the Hoover dam on the Colorado River delta in Mexico and the success of Lesotho's Katse dam. Vandana Shiva, author of Water Wars, discusses many of these situations. (27 minutes)


#33088 Global Studies - Fair Trade, Fair Profit: Making Green Enterprise Work (Run time 27 min.) DVD $89.95

All over the world, green enterprise is growing. This program focuses on the catalyst that is transforming Earth-friendly businesses into paying ventures: a thing that economists call externalities. In Mexico, coffee growers use collective bargaining to create a more secure market. In Tanzania, where malaria is rampant, a mosquito net manufacturer makes good by marketing social change. In Brazil, babassu nut farmers preserve their traditional business by finding markets for their nut by-products. And in Uganda, impoverished entrepreneurs rebuild their community with startup money from a nontraditional venture capital fund called C3. (27 minutes)


#33089 Global Studies - Boiling Point: The Global Struggle for Water (Run time 27 min.) DVD $89.95

Competition for freshwater is heating up. Is war inevitable, or is a peaceful solution possible? This program spotlights three trouble spots that epitomize the intensifying crisis and efforts being made to manage it: the Okavango, where a commission formed by Angola, Namibia, and Botswana is trying to resolve the conflict that is endangering the river's unspoiled waters; the Rio Grande, where an aging water-sharing treaty and ever-greater demands for water leave farmers on both sides of the divide with little hope; and the West Bank, where Palestinian rainwater reservoirs and the Israeli water grid are dangerous points of contention between the two peoples. (27 minutes)


#34471 Global Studies - India: Working to End Child Labor (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

This program examines India's immense child labor problem and the fight against it. The video contrasts this nation's status as the world's largest democracy with the fact that, inside its borders, 80 million children work physically exhausting jobs for minuscule wages. Incorporating interviews with Shanta Sinha, founder of the organization known as MVF, the video illustrates how the group coordinates community action against the exploitation of young people and creates bridge schools that help children with the transition from work to education. It also makes a strong case that child labor increases poverty levels. (Portions have English subtitles, 26 minutes)


#34700 Global Studies - Philippines Journal: The Spirit of Togetherness (Run time 28 min.) DVD $89.95

Infused with the concept of bayanihan, or "spirit of togetherness," this program presents encouraging stories of teamwork and activism in the Philippines. It travels through Manila's bustling Quiapo Market, where commerce thrives in many forms-in contrast to the sprawling Payatas garbage dump outside the city, where a group of mothers have transcended scavenger subsistence, creating a community center with educational and hygienic services. Efforts to preserve the ancient and spectacular Banaue rice terraces are also presented in this astonishing visual record of resourceful, cooperative, and forward-looking accomplishments. A viewable/printable instructor's guide is available online. (28 minutes)


#34701 Global Studies - Mexico Journal: Life in the Earth (Run time 28 min.) DVD $89.95

Urban punks with green hair and green thumbs, the members of Tierra Viva transform toxic Mexican earth into vegetable gardens. Their actions make up one remarkable part of this wide-ranging Mexican odyssey. Depicting Michoacan farmers who are fighting the trend to move to the cities-and preserving the winter home of the monarch butterflies-the program also journeys to Magdalena Bay, highlighting one man's attempt to save endangered sea turtles. With awareness of Mexico's poverty and environmental fragility, the video nevertheless portrays a nation rising to its challenges. A viewable/printable instructor's guide is available online. (Portions in Spanish with English subtitles, 28 minutes)


#34702 Global Studies - South Africa Journal: A Nation's Renewal (Run time 28 min.) DVD $89.95

Nelson Mandela spoke of the past haunting the present. This program explores the rebirth of South Africa, demonstrating that a national history racked with oppression can guide and instruct those working for a better future. Studying the moving and provocative art of the apartheid era, the program also visits Robben Island, where Mandela was imprisoned, and examines Cape Town's historic District Six, which serves as a reminder of long-lost vitality and racial integration. The most illuminating scene, however, concerns a Cape Province vineyard that is home to the nation's first black-owned wine label, aptly named New Beginnings. A viewable/printable instructor's guide is available online. (28 minutes)


#36373 Global Studies - Kurt Waldheim: UN Secretary-General, 1972-1981 (Run time 31 min.) DVD $89.95

Although dogged by scandal after his term as Secretary-General, Kurt Waldheim steered the United Nations through a precarious phase of global history-in which the Vietnam War and the space race were the most prominent of many international dramas. Waldheim's involvement in Turkish-Cypriot diplomacy and several attempts at conflict resolution in the Middle East and Central Asia are also notable, as well as his spearheading of numerous international conferences. This program presents an overview of the Waldheim mandate and records the Austrian leader's detailed reflections on his challenges and accomplishments as Secretary-General. (31 minutes)


#36374 Global Studies - Javier Perez de Cuellar: UN Secretary-General, 1982-1991 (Run time 27 min.) DVD $89.95

During his two terms as United Nations Secretary-General, Javier Perez de Cuellar encountered and made use of several opportunities for international conflict resolution. He helmed the organization through the aftermath of the Falklands War and promoted the Contadora Group as a force for Central American peace and stability. Under Perez de Cuellar, the UN was also engaged in the negotiation process for Namibian independence and many issues affecting Africa and the Mediterranean region. In this program, the Peruvian statesman contemplates his term as Secretary-General and its relationship to previous and subsequent global developments. (27 minutes)


#36375 Global Studies - Boutros Boutros-Ghali: UN Secretary-General, 1992-1996 (Run time 28 min.) DVD $89.95

Despite Boutros Boutros-Ghali's diplomatic accomplishments, his tenure as United Nations Secretary-General was marked by a tragic period in African history and a difficult political transition for the world body. In this program, Boutros-Ghali sheds light on global events in which the UN participated-or perhaps should have been more involved. The Egyptian scholar conveys his opinion that peacekeeping missions overburdened UN resources during his mandate, that warnings about Rwanda's ethnic conflict were ineffective, and that American officials intended, through the brusque removal of Boutros-Ghali from power, to caution his successors. Contains graphic images of genocide victims. (28 minutes)


#39474 Global Studies - Bill Moyers Journal: Global Hunger (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

The head of the UN's world food program says "a perfect storm" is hitting hungry people around the globe. What are the causes, and what is being done to help the poorest of the poor? This edition of the Journal begins with a report on the situation in the war-torn Democratic Republic of the Congo, where an estimated 45,000 people die every month of hunger and disease. Then, Bill Moyers interviews David Beckmann, president of Bread for the World, an organization campaigning to strengthen U.S. political commitment to end global hunger and poverty. Broadcast date: April 4, 2008. (58 minutes)


#3024 Human Rights - Racism and Antiracism Education (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

How would teachers respond if they overheard a white pupil telling a racist joke? What if the joke were told by a fellow teacher? This program looks at issues that have stirred the education establishment of late. Should the curriculum have a multicultural base? Should schools formulate educational policy based on race? What is the role and what are the rights of parents in the choice of what their children are taught in school? Moderated by Harvard Law professor Charles Nesson, the program looks at issues specific to contemporary England but applicable to the U.S. Participants include a Muslim leader, a college vice principal, and the directors of education for the Commission for Racial Equality and a London borough. (58 minutes)


#6776 Human Rights - Facing Hate (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

"Hate is not only destructive, it is self-destructive."-Elie WieselIn this moving personal testament, Nobel Laureate and human rights advocate Elie Wiesel talks with Bill Moyers about his own childhood experiences at Auschwitz and analyzes the source of Nazi hatred toward Jews-"we weren't human in their eyes." Wiesel reflects on his own apparent inability to hate, and discusses ethnic hatred at work in Bosnia and other Eastern European countries since the end of the Cold War. (58 minutes)


#6797 Human Rights - The Heart of Hatred (Run time 52 min.) DVD $89.95

This program features conversations with a variety of people who have explored the heart of hatred. A Los Angeles gang member uses hate as a survival weapon. White supremacist leader Tom Metzger defends his policies of hate both in a court of law and in interviews. A former Israeli soldier tells how he disguised himself as a Palestinian in order to better understand the source of his own hatred. High school students in Bensonhurst, New York, discuss the beating death of a black youth in their neighborhood, and Myrlie Evers, wife of assassinated civil rights leader Medgar Evers, talks about her own triumph over hate after her husband's untimely death. A man who physically abused his wife is presented as an example of people who act hatefully when their identity and self-esteem are threatened. (52 minutes)


#6798 Human Rights - Learning to Hate (Run time 39 min.) DVD $89.95

In the second program, Moyers focuses on how children learn to hate, and how attitudes toward hatred differ from culture to culture. A youth of Arab-Israeli descent becomes friends with a young Orthodox Jew at an international training center that teaches youngsters the tools for dialogue and understanding. High school students in Bensonhurst analyze the origins of hatred against gays. In Washington, D.C., a Holocaust survivor teaches children how stereotyping breeds hatred, and how that hatred can lead to persecution. Jimmy Carter, Nelson Mandela, Elie Wiesel, Vaclav Havel, Li Lu, and Northern Ireland peace activist Mairead Corrigan Maguire share their own experiences with hatred and discuss the resolve that helped them deal with it. (39 minutes)


#10670 Human Rights - Healing the Heart: Forgive and Remember (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

How could Bud Welch, whose daughter died in the Oklahoma City bombing, forgive Timothy McVeigh? How did the Reverend Walter Everett move beyond his desire for revenge against the man who murdered his son? In this program, these and other remarkable individuals-people who in picking up the pieces of their shattered lives have triumphed over hate-share the details of their long, painful, and deeply personal journeys from shock and the desire for retribution to an attitude of forgiveness. (30 minutes)


#10671 Human Rights - Healing the Wounds: Making Peace a Priority (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

Can the current generation of hereditary enemies muster the will to put the past behind them? Can nations reconcile old enmities once and for all? This program explores the complexities of promoting forgiveness on a mass scale in places such as Ireland and the Middle East. Dr. Robert Enright, president of The International Forgiveness Institute; Nobel Laureate Betty Williams; representatives of The Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies; and others discuss their efforts to advance the peace-making process-a process essential to the progress of humanity. (30 minutes)


#10672 Human Rights - Healing the Soul: Religious Perspectives on Forgiveness (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

Atonement, penance, and absolution are beliefs that reside at the core of the world's major religions. Have the practices of contrition and restitution become relics of the past, or are they still viable today as opportunities for spiritual cleansing, healing, and rebirth? In this program, The God Squad's Rabbi Marc Gellman and Monsignor Thomas Hartman; Dr. Abdulaziz Sachedina, of the Organization for Islamic Learning; Sister Helen Prejean, author of Dead Man Walking; and others present their diverse perspectives on forgiveness in religious and institutional milieus. (30 minutes)


#29155 Human Rights - NAFTA and the New Economic Frontier: Life Along the U.S./Mexico Border (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

In this program, ABC News correspondent Judy Muller reports on the quality of life along the international border between El Paso and Juarez since the implementation of NAFTA. Apart from business opportunities for Americans, employment for Mexicans, and low-priced goods for both the U.S. and Mexico, the downside of NAFTA is becoming all too apparent: worsening living conditions in Juarez and increasing levels of air and water pollution on both sides of the border. The program concludes with a discussion between anchor Ted Koppel and Fernando Macias, leader of a consortium of American and Mexican officials charged with managing change along this new economic frontier. (23 minutes)


#30035 Human Rights - War in Congo: An Overview (Run time 43 min.) DVD $89.95

The ongoing bloodshed in the Democratic Republic of Congo is of such enormity that within the region it is sometimes referred to as the First African World War. In this ABC News program, Ted Koppel presents two successive stories about the struggle going on in Congo. First, he uses a wide-angle lens to capture a decade of crises: the Tutsi genocide in neighboring Rwanda, the resulting flood of refugees into Congo, the irreparable ecological damage done to Congo's wildlife, and the depredations against native Congolese and Rwandan refugees by Rwandan Hutu raiders and others. Then, Mr. Koppel focuses in on the town of Shabunda, where a Catholic priest is trying to help his traumatized flock deal with the rape and murder it endures. (43 minutes)


#30571 Human Rights - The Walking Wounded: Echoes of Trauma (Run time 22 min.) DVD $89.95

In this program, ABC News correspondents Chris Bury and Bill Blakemore use the suicide bombing of an Israeli bus as a springboard to explore the mental health consequences for those who have witnessed mass violence in Cambodia, Cameroon, and elsewhere. Richard Mollica, director of the Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma, charts the long-term psychological effects of being a refugee; explains the process of psyche brutalization that refugees typically undergo; and suggests ways through which refugees can come to terms with their devastating experiences. Helen Bamber, founder of the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture, is also featured. (23 minutes)


#33344 Human Rights - Failed Nation-Building: A Case Study (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

With all eyes focused on Iraq, there is a place much closer to home-a place where U.S. intervention has failed-that can offer timely insights into the dicey business of nation-building: Haiti. What went wrong there? And what lessons can be learned from American involvement in a place where political chaos, violence, and poverty have brought ruin to the majority of the country's population? This ABC News program strives to find out. (23 minutes)


#37114 Human Rights - Carlos Monsivais-in Spanish (Run time 27 min.) DVD $89.95

The Mexican writer and journalist Carlos Monsivais has frequently examined social and political issues at the heart of Latin American culture-and, in the process, the spiritual dilemmas of 21st-century modernity. This program introduces Monsivais' views on the growing disconnect between urban and rural life, the destructive impact of pervasive technology on language and conversation, and the increasingly precarious conditions faced by migrants to the U.S. The popular El Universal contributor also sheds light on racism within Mexican society and discusses the work of Juan Rulfo-an author whose lyricism, in Monsivais' opinion, expresses "what silence sounds like." (Spanish, 27 minutes)


#37115 Human Rights - Carlos Monsivais-in Spanish with English Subtitles (Run time 27 min.) DVD $89.95

The Mexican writer and journalist Carlos Monsivais has frequently examined social and political issues at the heart of Latin American culture-and, in the process, the spiritual dilemmas of 21st-century modernity. This program introduces Monsivais' views on the growing disconnect between urban and rural life, the destructive impact of pervasive technology on language and conversation, and the increasingly precarious conditions faced by migrants to the U.S. The popular El Universal contributor also sheds light on racism within Mexican society and discusses the work of Juan Rulfo-an author whose lyricism, in Monsivais' opinion, expresses "what silence sounds like." (Spanish with English subtitles, 27 minutes)


#37127 Human Rights - Born into Prostitution: The Badis of Nepal (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

A daughter of a Badi prostitute is required to be registered under the surname Nepali. So marked from birth, she is born into prostitution and is expected to follow her mother into that trade-unless the family, the Dalit community, or charitable NGOs are moved to help them make a change. This program profiles two Badi families and the positive efforts of one former prostitute and Suklal Nepali, director of SAFE (Social Awareness for Education), to assist them. Ironically, it is a sex customer, through his blunt appraisal of Badi prostitutes, who inadvertently speaks the most eloquently of these women's plight. (30 minutes)


#37128 Human Rights - Married to a Goddess: The Joginis of India (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

In southern India, Yellamma is the goddess of the untouchables, and the joginis are typically Dalit girls dedicated to their service-and to the servicing of the local men. The jogini role as representative of the goddess has been corrupted: "Society has deliberately turned the jogini into sex workers, and exploits them as such," says jogini-turned-activist Hajamma. After describing the sacred side of jogini life, this program explores the dark side: prostitution and outright rape. Interviews with joginis illustrate that although their abuse has been formally abolished, little has changed. Some content may be objectionable. (30 minutes)


#37129 Human Rights - Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The Debt Slaves of Nepal (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

In parts of Nepal, there is little paying work available to untouchables. Forced to borrow small sums just to survive, they quickly become debt slaves to higher-caste people-and although the practice is illegal, it all too often represents the only chance Dalits have to obtain food. This program contrasts the lives of Bharat, who seeks emancipation through the assistance of a debt slave-turned-activist, and Ganga, who can picture no other future for himself. The cameras also capture the everyday discrimination against untouchables; the matter-of-fact nature of it as depicted in this documentary is certain to make a powerful impression on viewers. (30 minutes)


#37561 Human Rights - Bill Moyers Journal: June 22, 2007 (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

When Harper's Magazine editor Ken Silverstein went undercover to recruit Washington lobbyists to help improve the image of Turkmenistan, a corrupt Central Asian government with appalling human rights abuses, K-Street lobbying firms laid out plans to get the job done. In this program, Bill Moyers and Silverstein discuss what that says about the state of influence-peddling in Washington. Also on the program: Imam Zaid Shakir, an emerging leader in the Muslim-American community who has been called a voice of conscience for American Muslims, talks about how he copes with the ongoing skepticism toward-and scrutiny of-Muslims in post-9/11 America. Broadcast date: June 22, 2007. (58 minutes)


#39007 Human Rights - Arms for the Poor: The Global Impact of the Weapons Industry (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

Has the arms trade derailed America's national conscience? This program articulates a disturbing point of view: that for all its generosity and leadership, the world's wealthiest country is better known for a mammoth military budget that enriches weapons manufacturers and feeds destructive conflicts. Featuring appearances by several activists and dignitaries-including Elie Wiesel, Costa Rican President Oscar Arias, U.S. Congresswoman Cynthia McKinney, and the Dalai Lama-the film shows how the policies of the industrialized world often lead to poverty and suffering in the name of "national interest." Indonesia's invasion of East Timor and Cambodia's land-mine plague provide instructive, albeit tragic, examples. (30 minutes)


#39536 Human Rights - Bill Moyers Journal: May 9, 2008 (Run time 57 min.) DVD $89.95

When it comes to interrogation methods, does the end ever really justify the means? In this program, Bill Moyers interviews international law professor Philippe Sands, author of Torture Team: Rumsfeld's Memo and the Betrayal of American Values, about his book on the approval of coercive interrogation by high-ranking U.S. officials. This edition of the Journal also reports on the fight the California Nurses Association has been waging for universal healthcare, their proposed answer to a medical system that covers some people better than others-and many not at all. Broadcast date: May 9, 2008. (57 minutes)


#5594 Population & Demography - Demography (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

In 1999, the world population surpassed the six billion mark; by the middle of the 21st century, it will exceed ten billion. Can the earth provide for so many people? This program explains how demography works and how it predicts population movement and future growth, as well as how survey techniques work and how they are used. It also broaches the concept of human races which, according to scientists cited here, has no biological foundation, anatomically or genetically. (23 minutes)


#34174 Population & Demography - Mexico City: The Largest City (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

This program defines Mexico City's globalization in terms of winners and losers, examining how, in the world's largest metropolis, immigration challenges are linked to poverty and population influx from surrounding rural areas. Contrasting the city's high-tech facilities and fashionable neighborhoods with its sprawling slums and their struggling inhabitants, the program outlines the relationship between foreign investment and the worldwide need for cheap labor, which Mexico and its indigenous peoples readily supply. Glimpses into a tech-savvy youth culture and the persistent Zapatista movement reinforce the capital's nickname: City of Contrasts. (26 minutes)


#29387 Terrorism - Stopping the Money: An Economic Approach to Counterterrorism (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

While U.S. armed forces were mobilizing against Afghanistan, one of America's first salvos in its war against terrorists was quietly fired by President Bush-at the financial infrastructure of terrorism. This ABC News program looks at efforts to freeze the assets of terrorist organizations such as Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda. But the training and sustaining of September 11th's suicide bombers cost very little, and terrorist bankrolls, funneled through shadowy intercontinental networks, are notoriously hard to trace. Can the president's strategy succeed? Jonathan Winer, former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Law Enforcement, and Michael Bromwich, former Inspector General of the Department of Justice, provide insightful commentary. (23 minutes)


#30264 Terrorism - Waging War Against the New Terrorism (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

This ABC News program examines today's terrorism, in which negotiation plays no part and mass destruction is the goal. First, correspondent Chris Bury reports on how the governments of Italy, Germany, and Egypt have combated terrorism during recent decades. Then, anchor Ted Koppel interviews two authorities on the new terrorism: military historian Caleb Carr, author of The Lessons of Terror, and Paul Bremer, ambassador-at-large for counterterrorism during the Reagan administration. Together, they discuss the evolution of international terrorism and new strategies and tactics being employed by the U.S. to contain and dismantle violent extremist organizations such as al Qaeda. (23 minutes)


#30453 Terrorism - Germ Warrior Andy Weber: Neutralizing Bioterror Weapons (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

When the Soviet Union crumbled, many of its most closely guarded secrets spilled out-including information on its mammoth germ warfare operation. In this ABC News program, correspondent Robert Krulwich reports on the remarkable efforts of Andy Weber, of the Pentagon's Office of Cooperative Threat Reduction Policy, to locate military laboratories in the former Soviet Union, secure stockpiles of biological weapons, and, when possible, keep the scientists from working for other countries by hiring them for the U.S. Footage of the secret facility in Stepnogorsk, Kazakhstan, with its anthrax production capability of 300 tons annually, is featured. (22 minutes)


#30566 Terrorism - In Time of War: Striking the Balance Between Freedom and Security (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

In a recent ABC News poll, 64 percent said that they supported expanding FBI powers-62 percent also felt that such steps intrude on privacy. Clearly, the public is willing to sacrifice some rights in a time of crisis. But whose? In this program, ABC News correspondent Chris Bury examines all the new policies and practices in the aftermath of September 11th, focusing on measures previously forbidden to intelligence or law enforcement agents. Several perspectives are offered by Douglas Kmiec, dean of the Catholic University Law School; Harvard Law School professor Laurence Tribe; former senior FBI official Bob Ricks; and Nihad Awad, executive director of The Council on American-Islamic Relations. (23 minutes)


#33133 Terrorism - What Do They Want? Terrorists Taking Aim at America (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

Since September 11, 2001, the world has certainly changed. But has al Qaeda? In this ABC News program, correspondent Jim Wooten scrutinizes Osama bin Laden's terrorist organization two years after the attacks on the U.S. To what extent, if any, have its aims and objectives been modified by the ousting of Saddam Hussein and other recent events? In addition, reports from three hotspots in America's ongoing war on terror-Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan-are included. (23 minutes)


#33636 Terrorism - Legal Limbo: The War on Terror and the Judicial Process (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

Does the U.S. have the judicial measures to combat terrorism in place or do the events of 9/11 require a fundamental shift in the judicial process? Highlighting two case studies, this ABC News program examines whether the U.S. judicial process was sidestepped by the George W. Bush administration in the interests of the war on terror: Zacharias Moussaoui-a French citizen arrested on immigration violations before the 9/11 attacks-for his role as the alleged "20th hijacker"; and Jose Padilla, a U.S. citizen held as an enemy combatant for his alleged plan to detonate a dirty bomb. (23 minutes)


#37376 Terrorism - Bill Moyers Journal: May 4, 2007 (Run time 57 min.) DVD $89.95

Carlo Bonini and Giuseppe D'Avanzo-called "the Woodward and Bernstein of Italian journalism"-are coauthors of Collusion: International Espionage and the War on Terror. In this program, Bill Moyers and Bonini discuss "Nigergate" as they trace the trail of the forged intelligence documents purporting that Iraq sought to buy yellowcake uranium from Niger. Also on the program, Jerry Miller-exonerated through post-conviction DNA testing by the Innocence Project-talks about clearing his name, and British Renaissance man Jonathan Miller discusses his documentary series A Brief History of Disbelief, the hidden story of atheism. Broadcast date: May 4, 2007. (57 minutes)


#37690 Terrorism - Bill Moyers Journal: July 27, 2007 (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

As the Bush administration promotes the idea of a growing al Qaeda threat in Iraq, the Journal analyzes the facts on the ground to explore who the U.S. is really fighting. In this program, Bill Moyers gets perspective from Brian Fishman of the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, whose research focuses on the impact of the war in Iraq on terrorism globally, and Fawaz A. Gerges of Sarah Lawrence College and the author of the highly acclaimed books The Far Enemy: Why Jihad Went Global and Journey of the Jihadist: Inside Muslim Militancy. Moyers also reports on the hidden Congressional spending provisions known as earmarks-often used as payback for political contributions-and reflects on the death of a young soldier. Broadcast date: July 27, 2007. (58 minutes)


#38820 Terrorism - Bill Moyers Journal: 9/11: For the Record (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

A critical question continues to haunt America's national psyche: how could the most powerful nation on earth have been so utterly unprepared to protect its homeland from the September 11th hijackers? First broadcast in 2004, this program offers a special one-hour analysis of the 9/11 Commission Report-connecting the dots of what happened that infamous day and studying the warning signs that could have averted the tragedy. The program highlights the agonizing close calls, missteps, and outright failures of two successive administrations and America's intelligence and security agencies in the months and years leading up to 9/11. A new Bill Moyers essay, reflecting on the nation's mood in 2007, opens the program. Broadcast date: September 14, 2007. (58 minutes)


#7953 World History & Politics - Can Democracy Survive? (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

In the Cold War era, democratic values of equality, liberty, and tolerance sustained the countries of Western Europe and North America. With the fall of communism, the question becomes, can democracy survive without a clear-cut enemy? Internal pressures have begun to emerge: voting and other forms of democratic expression are in steady decline; the middle class is disappearing; answers to difficult moral questions seem to elude us; and government remains gridlocked on important social issues. This program examines whether democracy can heal itself, or whether it is destined to follow other forms of government down the path to oblivion. (29 minutes)


#10459 World History & Politics - Exploration (Run time 53 min.) DVD $89.95

Spurred on by trade, necessity, and curiosity, all peoples throughout history have engaged in exploration. Yet while some nations, such as China, explored with the goal of forming peaceful trade partnerships, others, including Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, France, Britain, and even the U.S., tended toward conquest and colonization. This program investigates the imperatives that promote exploration, addressing the characteristics that have prompted some countries to coexist peacefully and others to act exploitatively. (53 minutes)


#10460 World History & Politics - War (Run time 53 min.) DVD $89.95

Wherever political, religious, racial, or ideological interests collide, diplomacy and tolerance historically yield to the barbarity of war. In this program, political scientist Charles-Philippe David; Jean-Louis Dufour, editor-in-chief of the magazine Defense; and historians Robert O'Connell, Andre Corviser, and Laurent Henninger trace the history of warfare from its remote origins to the present day and discuss if it is avoidable or if it is an innate human drive. Will the battles of tomorrow be fought by computer proxies, or will conventional troops always be used to attack and occupy territory? (53 minutes)


#10461 World History & Politics - Revolution (Run time 53 min.) DVD $89.95

By definition, a revolution is an abrupt and usually violent change in the political and social structure of a country, occurring when people are pressed to the very limits of tolerance. In this program, historian Michel Guay and sociologists Alain Touraine and Jack Goldstone discuss the preconditions necessary to ignite a rebellion and present possible outcomes, drawing on historic examples such as the American, French, Russian, and Chinese Revolutions. Nonmilitary revolutions are considered as well, including the industrial, feminist, and information revolutions. (53 minutes)


#32890 World History & Politics - NOW with Bill Moyers: Mark Hertsgaard on the World's Love/Hate Relationship with America (Run time 37 min.) DVD $89.95

Why has much of the world's regard for America diminished in the last few years? In this program, Bill Moyers talks with journalist and author Mark Hertsgaard, who traveled the globe gauging foreigners' ambivalence towards the United States. He shares his findings, published in his new book, The Eagle's Shadow: Why America Fascinates and Infuriates the World, and comments on how America's role is changing, especially in the wake of September 11th. He discusses key U.S. environmental and foreign policy decisions that have proven divisive of the international community, as well as a perceived lack of difference between globalization and Americanization. (37 minutes)


#33277 World History & Politics - War Spin: The Media and the Iraq War (Run time 46 min.) DVD $89.95

Some stories are simply too good to be true. In this program, John Kampfner, political editor for the New Statesman (London), skewers heroic reports of the ambush, capture, and rescue of Private Jessica Lynch, calling them misrepresentations designed to bolster wavering support for the Iraq War. Kampfner also scrutinizes the controversial practice of embedding members of the news media in military units and questions the sincerity and overall informational value of the daily CentCom briefings in Doha. An ideal springboard for discussions about propaganda, media ethics, and journalism in the modern combat zone. Original BBCW broadcast title: War Spin. (46 minutes)


#33467 World History & Politics - Building Democracy in War-Torn Afghanistan (Run time 22 min.) DVD $89.95

How are people who have been oppressed for decades-first by Communists, then by warlords, and finally by the Taliban-to understand democracy, let alone implement it...and on a tight timetable, no less? This ABC News program documents the challenges of building democracy in Afghanistan, a place scarred by present conflict and past war, where even the effort to register Afghans to vote is proving almost insurmountably difficult. Contemporaneous events in Pakistan are also considered. (22 minutes)


#34258 World History & Politics - First Steps into the Unknown (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

Carved in stone or scratched in clay, the first maps appeared at least 5,000 years ago. This program chronicles the rise of geographical awareness-manifested not only in crude cartography, but also through word of mouth and narratives such as Homer's Odyssey and the Viking sagas. Clearly illustrating the forces behind navigational learning and excursions into the unknown, this program presents scholarly commentary on the abilities of Roman and medieval armies to travel across Europe, Christianity's Jerusalem-centric world view, and the emergence of Portugal as a leader in seafaring technology. (30 minutes)


#34259 World History & Politics - Discovery of a New World (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

This program studies European exploration and conquest, beginning in the late Middle Ages and leading up to the emergence of the major colonial powers. Byzantium's fall in 1453 sets the narrative stage for Henry the Navigator's massive initiative to find new trade routes into Asia. Henry's nautical school at Sagres is described in detail, along with the voyages of Columbus, Gil Eannes, Vasco da Gama, and contemporaneous Arabian and Chinese adventurers. This program depicts an age of radical technological innovation, atrocities for God and gold, and varying awareness of the world's true size and shape. (30 minutes)


#2549 20th Century History - World War I: The War That Failed to End Wars (Run time 15 min.) DVD $99.95

In 1914, the participants thought it would be a short war, to be fought on the order of Austerlitz with charging cavalry, the battle lasting an afternoon. But that's not the way it turned out, and when the war was over, so was the world from which it had sprung. Both sides were certain they knew what they were fighting for and that their side was right, but it is hard to see now what World War I achieved other than to destroy a whole generation of men, establish mechanization as a measure of strength in war, destroy the economies of Europe-and set the stage for World War II. (15 minutes)


#33709 World History & Politics - Communism: The Fall of the Romanovs and the Berlin Wall (Run time 51 min.) DVD $99.95

The execution of the Romanovs, in 1918, marked Russia's irrevocable shift from a monarchy to a communist state. The destruction of the Berlin Wall, in 1989, signified the collapse of that state and its Marxist ideology. This gripping, highly realistic program cinematically dramatizes the events of these two historic watersheds: indelible emblems of the birth pains and death throes of the Soviet Union. The story begins at Ipatiev House, where a dynasty died, and ends at Checkpoint Charlie, where the will of the people spoke-and the gates to freedom opened. Original BBCW broadcast title: The Murder of the Romanovs and the Fall of the Berlin Wall. (51 minutes)


#2164 20th Century History - The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler (Run time 150 min.) DVD $129.95

This exhaustive biography covers the tumultuous career of the failed Austrian artist who nearly conquered the world: a series of events and people, a chemistry of history and current happenings, a confluence of economic, psychological, and political forces that turned a thousand minor, innocuous events into a huge and murderous whole. There had been wars before, and slave labor, and genocide, and treaties made to be broken, and propagandists who came to believe their own propaganda; what made this experience different is what is documented in this program: its vast scope, its documentation on film, and its central character, Adolf Hitler. (2 hours 30 minutes, b&w/color)


#7370 20th Century History - From Bitter Earth: Artists of the Holocaust (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

Throughout the Holocaust, Jewish artists created work that vividly documented the horror of Hitler's reign, from the despair of the Polish ghettos to the unprecedented misery of the death camps. In this program, artists who survived the camps discuss the risks they took in order to obtain simple materials-scraps of paper, pencils, and other basic supplies. They describe the inventive ways they found for hiding finished pieces from their Nazi captors. In an ironic twist, some tell how they were recruited to create Nazi propaganda art. This program pays tribute to these artists, to the politics of their art, and to the tenacity of their creative spirit. A BBC Production. (50 minutes)


#8833 20th Century History - Memories of Anne Frank (Run time 52 min.) DVD $129.95

In this program filmed in the Franks' apartment and the building that housed the Opecta offices and the Franks' secret refuge, Miep Gies vividly recounts her experiences: working for Otto Frank; bringing food to the fugitives; the chilling expose of the hidden Jews and their protectors; the liberation of Amsterdam; Otto Frank's return from Auschwitz; and the publication of Anne's diary. Archival photographs and film footage depict life in wartime Holland, while Miep's recollections and excerpts from Anne's diary reveal the details of a life in hiding-and provide compelling new insights into Anne's personality. (52 minutes)


#10147 20th Century History - Ethnic Identity, Regional Conflict, and Peacekeeping Initiatives (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

This compelling documentary examines efforts to promote and safeguard peace in the 20th century, a century defined by its wars. Even today, more than a dozen wars are raging, many of them in Africa. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan discusses the history and the role of the United Nations, using the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea as an example. Other scholars explore the purpose of the state, what it requires to function, and what happens when it disintegrates. Additional issues such as world government are addressed as well. (50 minutes)


#10518 20th Century History - The Hunt for the True October: The Real Russian Revolution (Run time 25 min.) DVD $129.95

On the night of October 24, 1917, a police patrol stopped two men on the streets of St. Petersburg, but failing to recognize their quarry, the police let them pass. One of them-disguised as a tramp-was the future founder and leader of the Soviet Union: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. In this program, Cambridge University's Orlando Figes, author of A People's Tragedy, and Vitaly Startsev, of St. Petersburg Herzen University, investigate the circumstances of the October Revolution, exploding the popular myths reinforced by Sergei Eisenstein's film October and exploring the what-ifs that could have led to democracy in Russia instead of dictatorship. (25 minutes)


#10519 20th Century History - A Fatal Stroke: The Fall of Lenin and the Rise of Leninism (Run time 25 min.) DVD $129.95

In late 1922, Lenin wrote a secret speech censuring General Secretary Stalin, to be read the following spring at the Twelfth Party Congress. But on March 9, 1923, Lenin suffered a debilitating stroke, and the speech was never given. Featuring Orlando Figes, of Cambridge University; Boris Starkov, of St. Petersburg Academy of Economics; and Yuri Amiantov, chief archivist of the Communist Party, this program focuses on the sequence of events surrounding the twist of fate that left Lenin speechless and presented Stalin with the opportunity to ruthlessly maneuver his way into supreme power. (25 minutes)


#10520 20th Century History - The Murder of Sergei Kirov: Assassination or Crime of Passion? (Run time 26 min.) DVD $129.95

Although the shocking murder of Sergei Kirov-the charismatic Party member whose popularity threatened the power base of his friend, Stalin-impacted the lives of millions, the truth behind it has long remained a mystery. Was it motivated by politics, or by something else? In this program, Boris Starkov, of St. Petersburg Academy of Economics, and Yuri Amiantov, chief archivist of the Communist Party, scrutinize the facts surrounding the momentous 1934 murder and shed light on the horrific era of purges that followed, in which thousands of so-called conspirators and enemies of the people were brutally executed. (25 minutes)


#10521 20th Century History - The Heroes of Dadu: The People's Revolution in China (Run time 26 min.) DVD $129.95

The Dadu is a swift and dangerous river, long associated with the defeat of armies that could not escape across it. For the Maoist Communists in 1935, crossing that river meant nothing less than the survival of their cause. This program documents the story of the Communist revolution in China, providing an excellent overview of the years before, during, and after the Party's rise to power. In addition, veterans of the Long March recount the story of the legendary trek from which only 8,000 of the original 86,000 members survived: a yearlong march that took them across 18 mountain ranges and 24 rivers-including the perilous Dadu. (25 minutes)


#10522 20th Century History - The Play's the Thing: China's Cultural Revolution" (Run time 26 min.) DVD $129.95

The Cultural Revolution, which started in 1966, had less to do with culture than with a violent attempt to control the minds of the Chinese people. Yet it was a play, which slyly criticized Chairman Mao, that raised the curtain on this horrendous period in China's history, acting as a catalyst for the brutal reforms. Beginning with an excerpt from The Dismissal of Hai Rui, this program presents the details of the movement that led to the deaths of half a million people before finally consuming itself. Jack Gray, author of Rebellions and Revolutions, and Zhang Yongning, son of a Party official, offer their insights into the Communist politics of the day. (25 minutes)


#10523 20th Century History - A Rebel with a Cause: Death of a Man, Birth of a Legend (Run time 26 min.) DVD $129.95

On October 9, 1967, Ernesto "Che" Guevara was summarily executed. After his mangled body was dumped in an anonymous grave, his killers hoped he would be forgotten-but Che's enemies had underestimated him. In this program, Edward George, of the University of Bristol; General Gary Prado, the officer in charge of Che's capture; and nurse Susan Osinaga, who cleaned Che's dead body, discuss Che's appeal as a Communist martyr, probe the contradictions in his character, and speculate on whether, if allowed to live, he might have slipped into obscurity as his early success in Cuba receded farther and farther into the past. (25 minutes)


#34703 20th Century History - Einstein's Equation of Life and Death (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

When Albert Einstein discovered that E=mc2, he saw in the equation the answer to why the Sun shines. But others read into it a darker meaning. This program-part documentary with compelling graphics, part dramatization-explains how Einstein's great achievement was also, in his own words, his "biggest blunder." A close look at the scientific relationship between energy, mass, and the speed of light sets the stage for the gripping drama in which Nazi Germany and the United States vied to make the world's first true weapon of mass destruction. Commentary by Brian Cox and Robin Marshall, of The University of Manchester; authors Richard Rhodes, Peter Galison, and William Lanouette; and other experts is featured. A BBCW Production. (50 minutes)


#36131 20th Century History - Media by Milosevic: How Serbia's Dictator Wielded Power (Run time 57 min.) DVD $129.95

The most brutal European dictator since Hitler or Stalin, Slobodan Milosevic played the trump cards of nationalism and racism to gain and preserve power. This Wide Angle documentary takes viewers inside the regime and inside the mind of Serbia's ruthless despot. The program illustrates how, once in office, Milosevic performed an intricate balancing act, controlling information and the media to safeguard his reign and accomplish his ends-including concentration camps and ethnic cleansing. Featuring exclusive interviews with former Milosevic associates, loyalists, dissenters, and his wife Mira, this is a startling portrayal of one of the darkest reigns of the past 50 years. In addition, Ambassador Pierre-Richard Prosper discusses Milosevic's war crimes trial with anchor Daljit Dhaliwal. (57 minutes)


#37583 20th Century History - The Legacy of War: Vietnam (Run time 42 min.) DVD $129.95

The year 2000 marked the 25th anniversary of the U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam. In this classic NewsHour program, Gwen Ifill and Terence Smith sit down with renowned historians and correspondents to ask them to address some of the lingering issues associated with that war. Episodes include... • Vietnam's Legacy-Historian's View: Gwen Ifill is joined by Doris Kearns Goodwin, Michael Beschloss, Stanley Karnow, Richard Norton Smith, and Jonathan Holloway to discuss the Vietnam War's cultural, political, and emotional impacts on American history. • Vietnam's Legacy-Covering the War: Terence Smith talks with Morley Safer, David Greenway, Christiane Amanpour, and Kenneth Bacon about the Vietnam War's effects on journalism and the media. Segment also sold as a part of The Legacy of Vietnam: Learning the Lessons of War. (41 minutes)


#10538 Global Studies - Mexico: Back Door to the Promised Land (Run time 45 min.) DVD $129.95

Since NAFTA, goods flow more freely from Mexico-but not people, although a million try to slip across the U.S. border each year. In this program, children of desperately poor families share the stories of their hardships and the choices they have made. For some, childhood means heavy labor as migrant workers in northern Mexico, while for others it means gang life on the streets of Tijuana. Yet for all-economic refugees for whom dollars are more valuable than education-the dream of life in America is like a vision of the promised land. (45 minutes)


#10539 Global Studies - India: The Little Serfs (Run time 45 min.) DVD $129.95

Although child labor has been banned in India, it still thrives because too many see a profit in the grueling work of young hands. This program spotlights the exploitation of children as bond slaves in the rug-weaving, bangle-making, quarrying, and gemstone-cutting industries and the measures being taken to eradicate this practice. Advocates including John Matthew, of the Rugmark Foundation; Kailash Satyathri, of the Coalition Against Child Slavery; and antislavery activist Swami Agnievesh speak out-as well as Rishi Poddar, an unabashed carpet exporter who defends the distasteful practice of child labor. (45 minutes)


#10540 Global Studies - Uganda: The War of the Children (Run time 45 min.) DVD $129.95

In the Lord's Resistance Army, eight out of ten rebels are under 16 years of age. Some are as young as 6. Providing rare footage of guerrilla leader Joseph Kony, interviews with President Museveni and village and church leaders, and firsthand accounts of the child soldiers and their families, this program reveals the stark facts of life in northern Uganda's Acholi villages. There thousands of children-both male and female-have been forcibly conscripted into the rebel army. Attempts at rehabilitation and repatriation of escaped and captured rebels are also emphasized. (45 minutes)


#10541 Global Studies - Philippines: Angels of the Night (Run time 45 min.) DVD $129.95

Whether it is a large family living in a shed or a bunch of street kids living in a wooden crate, prostitution is the occupation of necessity for supporting Manila's impoverished multitudes. This program tracks the lives of three girl prostitutes, ages 11 to 13, over a five-year period, during which one becomes a pimp in a slum, another turns drug addict living on the street, and the third simply vanishes, presumed dead. Efforts by family planning organizations such as UNICEF-sponsored Reach Out and the Apelo Women's Health clinic are described in detail, as well as the Roman Catholic point of view. (45 minutes)


#10542 Global Studies - Japan: The Taboo of Failure (Run time 45 min.) DVD $129.95

In Japan, where even kindergarten has an entrance exam, education begins in the womb. In this program, social psychologist Dr. Masao Miyamoto, author of Straitjacket Society; Dr. Makoto Shichida, founder of Shichida Children's Academy; the president of Keio University; and others address the true price of making the grade in a society in which only the most intelligent can thrive-or in some cases even survive. Set against the backdrop of an 11-year-old girl's nervous breakdown, topics include the fear of failing, the perceived value of conformity, school violence, and adolescent suicide. (45 minutes)


#29422 Global Studies - Trade: The Dollar Speaks English (Run time 49 min.) DVD $129.95

Filmed in China, India, South Africa, and the U.S., this program demonstrates how the evolution of international trade has made English an indispensable business partner all around the world. Case studies spotlighting Coca-Cola, Bloomberg Television, Virgin Atlantic, Mahindra BT, and the British School of Language emphasize the importance of seamless communication across time zones, geographical boundaries, and cultural divides. Featured personalities include David Crystal, author of The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language, and the Harvard Business School's Rosabeth Moss Kanter. (49 minutes)


#29423 Global Studies - Culture: English Takes Center Stage (Run time 49 min.) DVD $129.95

The export of Western culture has made English a star performer on the world stage. This program discusses the ubiquity of Shakespeare and the King James Bible, explaining their roles in propelling English into preeminence as a language for cross-cultural expression. The success of TV as a medium for disseminating English is also explored, as is the appeal of English in movies and music to audiences in India and Japan. Ebonics as a dialect of American English with mass appeal among teens is also considered. Featured personalities include televangelist Pat Robertson; Moira Goff, of the British Library; fashion mogul Sir Paul Smith; and director Nagesh Kukunoor. (50 minutes)


#29424 Global Studies - Politics: Will English Rule the World? (Run time 54 min.) DVD $129.95

Although members of the E.U. value its practicality and the African National Congress calls it indispensable, not everyone agrees that English should dominate the global dialogue. In this program, Thomas Patterson, of the Kennedy School of Government; Nicholas Ostler, of the Foundation for Endangered Languages; the president of CNN International; advocates and opponents of the English-only movement in America; and others debate the value of English as an international political language while coming to terms with the likely extinction of nondominant languages in America and abroad. Can diversity and identity be retained in a world of fewer languages? (54 minutes)


#30928 Global Studies - Uganda: A Different Drummer (Run time 30 min.) DVD $129.95

Determined to march to its own beat, Uganda has made a clean break with tried-and-failed top-down approaches to economic progress. Filmed on location, this program illustrates the progress of Uganda's antipoverty and debt-reduction crusade being carried out through its Poverty Eradication Action Plan and Poverty Action Fund, under the guidance of the IMF. By setting national priorities based on input gathered at the local level-and discouraging corruption by instituting highly public accountability at all levels of government-Uganda is enjoying the benefits of health and education reforms, infrastructure improvements, and a growing economy. Also, NGOs and anti-globalization groups, in disagreement with the IMF's policies, present their views. (30 minutes)


#33460 Global Studies - Tanim: Instituting Democracy in Tribal Papua New Guinea (Run time 51 min.) DVD $129.95

Democratic political principles have finally reached the highlands of Papua New Guinea. Tanim-"to change" or "to turn"-is the story of how the Apulin people, the ruling tribe of Enga province, are struggling to balance this alien electoral system, with all its implicit values and practices, with the secure familiarity of their traditional approaches to rule, land ownership, and systems of compensation. Change has come, and the Apulins must now turn their society in a new direction if they are to survive in their ancestral lands. (51 minutes)


#34201 Global Studies - Globalization Is Good (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

Controversial writer Johan Norberg argues forcefully for one side of the globalization debate. In this program he examines three developing countries and how they fit into that debate, building a case for deregulation, the abolishment of subsidies and tariffs, and a long-term view of industrialization. He frankly defends the use of sweatshop labor, through which Taiwan has cultivated a vigorous, targeted manufacturing sector and transformed agrarian poverty into affluence. Praising Vietnam for following the same path and criticizing Kenya as an unfortunate example of isolationism, Norberg's assertions compose a powerful catalyst for classroom discussion. (50 minutes)


#34211 Global Studies - First Steps: Worldwide Response to the Landmine Crisis (Run time 58 min.) DVD $129.95

Emmylou Harris narrates this in-depth program, which describes the growing international effort to eliminate the widespread menace of landmines. Examining the work of international agencies and humanitarian groups, the program documents mine-removal initiatives in three heavily affected nations: Angola, Albania, and Azerbaijan. With the cooperation of dedicated mine-clearance units, the process is explained from inception to completion, chronicling the training of de-mining troops, the deployment of supporting technologies, and the implementation of the mine-riddance process throughout the host country. (56 minutes)


#35280 Global Studies - Life Expectancy: Geography as Destiny (Run time 31 min.) DVD $129.95

Give students a context in which to study the world's widely varying life expectancy statistics. Focusing discussion on economic and cultural factors, this program examines dramatic discrepancies between life spans in the United States, Japan, Russia, and the developing nation of Sierra Leone-where a high infant mortality rate creates the lowest life expectancy in the world. The video presents alarming findings at the opposite end of the economic spectrum as well-in Okinawa and West Virginia, where links between obesity and mortality rates are growing, and in Moscow and its suburbs, where the pressures of rapid social change are lowering life expectancy. (31 minutes)


#35282 Global Studies - Decaying Cities: Reclaiming the Rust Belt (Run time 31 min.) DVD $129.95

This program features data-mapping techniques that shed light on inner-city conditions in America and England. With an overview of manufacturing declines that took place during the 20th century and their effect on densely populated urban centers, the video compares and contrasts situations in Philadelphia and Birmingham, England. Studying these cities from a human angle, the program delves into Philadelphia's struggling urban core and showcases Birmingham's grassroots and municipal efforts to assist the elderly, the unemployed, and the victims of crime. The result is an informative catalyst for class discussions on severe economic shifts and how cities cope with them. (31 minutes)


#35285 Global Studies - Birthrate: New Options for Parenthood (Run time 31 min.) DVD $129.95

Spark classroom discussion about gender roles and evolving definitions of family with this program on worldwide birthrates. Examining trends in Denmark, Japan, South Korea, and other countries, the video uses data-mapping of childbirth statistics to construct a global picture of cultural conventions and expectations. How adults in different areas of the world view parenthood-whether or not both parents should work, whether or not to have more than one child, or whether to even give birth at all-creates an eye-opening picture of the health of these societies and their economic priorities. This is an ideal visual tool for global studies with a sociological focus. (31 minutes)


#35286 Global Studies - China's Prosperity: Behind the Scenes of Progress (Run time 31 min.) DVD $129.95

China may be the world's next superpower, but its wild economic growth doesn't tell the whole story. This program reveals the widening gap between Chinese urban and rural lifestyles and the escalating pressure for government action to increase educational and career opportunities in remote areas. Interviews with city dwellers whose affluence surprises even them-and with villagers struggling for basic necessities-combine with data-mapped GDP analysis to create an accurate economic portrait of the country. Abstaining from political judgment, the video raises questions about competing in the global marketplace without adequate domestic support systems. (31 minutes)


#35287 Global Studies - Extinct Species: Red Alert to Humanity (Run time 31 min.) DVD $129.95

Use this program to correlate the precarious existence of endangered species and the forces of global trade. Visiting Indonesia, Japan, and the Florida Everglades, the video studies the difficulty of balancing economic and ecological well-being. The plight of animal populations-Sumatran elephants losing their habitat to palm oil plantations, Oriental white storks feeding in pesticide-ridden waters, and Florida panthers struggling in developed areas-is reinforced by a comprehensive "extinction data map" showing the biosphere's most threatened areas. This program is an effective supplement for environmental studies courses focusing on worldwide economic factors. (31 minutes)


#35500 Global Studies - Stemming the Flow of Water Pollution, Part 2 (Run time 24 min.) DVD $129.95

The Donana marshland. The oyster beds below Rio. The Caspian's sturgeon fishing grounds. The coral reefs of the South Pacific. This program travels to Spain, Brazil, Iran, and Fiji to observe efforts to mitigate severe ecological damage to these sensitive regions-places primarily spoiled by water pollution, with causes as varied as upland agricultural runoff and the rupture of a mine tailings dam. Solutions such as preservation legislation, riverbank reconstruction, the creation of artificial wetlands, cultivation of depleted species of marine life, and even voluntary anti-pollution compliance among commercial stakeholders are featured. (24 minutes)


#35511 Global Studies - Pneumococcal Disease (Run time 25 min.) DVD $129.95

Although it is rarely fatal in wealthy countries, pneumonia kills more children each year than any other infectious disease. This program explains why the pneumococcus bacterium has run rampant in the underdeveloped world, and explores recent medical breakthroughs that may help reverse the deadly pattern. Interviews with prominent researchers-including Dr. Keith Klugman and Dr. Orin Levine, two scientists leading an initiative to distribute a new vaccine throughout Africa-demonstrate the possibility of eradicating pneumococcal diseases. Footage from hospitals struggling to treat children and infants in remote areas shows the real-world challenges of such efforts. A BBCW Production. (25 minutes)


#35513 Global Studies - Hookworm (Run time 26 min.) DVD $129.95

Estimated to infect about one-fifth of the world's population, worm parasites are especially destructive in poor, rural areas of the developing world. This program focuses on the hookworm, the stealthiest and most resilient of the helminth, or worm, varieties. Examining the insidious methods by which hookworm parasites enter the human body, the video shows how they endanger their hosts and what medical science is doing to combat the spread of infestation-with special attention to young children and pregnant women, for whom hookworms are particularly dangerous. Commentary from renowned parasitologist Dr. Peter Hotez emphasizes key medical concepts. A BBCW Production. (25 minutes)


#35515 Global Studies - Rotavirus (Run time 25 min.) DVD $129.95

GlaxoSmithKline's new rotavirus vaccine can potentially save children across the globe from fatal diarrhea. This program guides viewers through the medicine's development process, and examines the highly unconventional way it is being distributed-with the initial test phase occurring in Mexico, rather than in a wealthy part of the world. Interviews with officials from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Mexican Ministry of Health, and GlaxoSmithKline Biochemicals shed light on their fragile yet groundbreaking organizational partnership. The result: an in-depth look at the real-world progress science is making against a microscopic killer. A BBCW Production. (25 minutes)


#35562 Global Studies - Smog: The Sweet Smell of Success? (Run time 30 min.) DVD $129.95

For most of a century, industrial and automotive smoke were equated with progress and prosperity. But the cost in human health has been devastatingly high, particularly in developing countries. In this program, Devra Davis, author of When Smoke Ran Like Water; Peter Brimblecombe, executive editor of Atmospheric Environment; and others use examples such as smog-related deaths in Donora, Pennsylvania, in 1939 and London in 1952 to address the causes and effects of air pollution. The Ruhr Valley, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Calcutta, and Durban, South Africa, are also discussed. Improvements via legislation and emissions standards are touched upon as well. (30 minutes)


#6311 Human Rights - The Legacy of Nuremberg (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

This program examines the moral and ethical issues involved in the arguments for amnesty, and for retribution, in dealing with war crimes. Using archival material and footage, the program explores some of the major issues raised by the prosecution of war criminals. Among the experts discussing the influence of the Nuremberg trials are Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal; Lord Shawcross, chief British prosecutor at Nuremberg; and Justice Richard Goldstone, chief prosecutor of the War Crimes Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. The program also includes a debate which focuses on the contemporary experiences of war crimes in Bosnia and the process of reconciliation in the new South Africa. Among the five debaters are the Rev. Desmond Tutu and Jacques Verges, a French lawyer who defended the Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie. (50 minutes)


#29952 Human Rights - Unearthing Evil: Archaeology in the Cause of Justice (Run time 28 min.) DVD $129.95

By grim coincidence, archaeologists are ideally suited by their conventional techniques to determine whether or not war crimes have been committed. This program looks at forensic archaeologist Richard Wright, whose work has greatly helped the international community in the pursuit of justice. The program shows details of his team's findings at the Ukrainian village of Serniki, proving with such evidence as bullet manufacture and carbon dating that the SS had carried out the executions, not Stalin's soldiers. Based on this work, Wright was asked by the UN to investigate 29 mass graves in Bosnia. The excavations helped convict the perpetrators of some of the most heinous ethnic cleansing in the Balkans. (28 minutes)


#33406 Human Rights - Voices of Disposable People (Run time 53 min.) DVD $129.95

More than 300 million men, women, and children are being forced to work in conditions of virtual enslavement. They have lost all control over their lives, and their survival rests in the hands of exploitative individuals and corporations. When they are no longer productive, they are simply discarded-broken, empty, and humiliated. This program goes around the world to document the stories of disposable people: sugarcane cutters in the Dominican Republic, bonded laborers in India, and migrant workers in Miami, U.S.A. (53 minutes)


#35365 Human Rights - A Tale of Modern Slavery (Run time 22 min.) DVD $129.95

Use this ABC News program to increase viewer awareness of a heartbreaking but undeniable truth-that slavery is alive and well in the 21st century. The video shows how caste systems and other archaic traditions have perpetuated slavery in some poor countries, and points to the complacency of wealthier nations regarding this ongoing tragedy. Highlighting the work of Nigerian anti-slavery activists, including the imprisoned Ilguilas Weila of the human rights group Timidria, the video also features commentary from Amnesty International USA Executive Director William Schultz, who emphasizes the need for more action from the Western world. (22 minutes)


#35366 Human Rights - Stolen Childhoods (Run time 22 min.) DVD $129.95

An uncompromising look at child exploitation, this ABC News program features investigative filmmakers Len Morris and Robin Romano, who have exposed child labor operations around the globe. A gravel quarry in India, a Kenyan coffee plantation, a fishing platform on the Sea of Sumatra, even farms in the United States-the program shows how extensively these and other locations depend on child workers. With commentary from children risking reprisals in order to be heard, and from U.S. Senator Tom Harkin, who has sponsored numerous bills to combat child labor practices, the program clearly links a painful global reality with the complacency of Western society. (22 minutes)


#36337 Human Rights - Part 1: Time for School-The Global Education Crisis (Run time 57 min.) DVD $129.95

Over 100 million children worldwide have never spent a day in school. One in four does not complete even five years of basic education. Now, 182 nations have promised to provide access to free and compulsory education for every child in the world-by 2015. To test the reality of that sweeping commitment, this Wide Angle installment profiles children in Japan, Kenya, Benin, Brazil, Romania, Afghanistan, and India who have managed to enroll in the first year of primary school-in most cases despite great odds. Exploring cultural comparisons from viewpoints that are too often overlooked, this program offers an in-depth study of the lives of young people in widely differing circumstances, as each one takes a hopeful first step into an uncertain future. (57 minutes)


#36346 Human Rights - Part 2: Back to School-The Ongoing Struggle to Educate the World's Children (Run time 87 min.) DVD $129.95

In 2003, the Wide Angle program Time for School profiled children in seven countries-Afghanistan, Benin, Brazil, India, Japan, Kenya, and Romania-as they started their first year of school, often in the face of great adversity. Three years later this Wide Angle episode returns to visit each child, updating the progress of their educational and personal development. The similarities and contrasts that emerge among the lives of these young people provide rich insight into the disparities of opportunity around the globe-underscoring the hard fact that more than 100 million children worldwide are growing up without schooling. This richly detailed documentary puts a human face on the global crisis in access to education. Additionally, anchor Daljit Dhaliwal discusses the state of global education with former National Economic Council director Gene Sperling. (87 minutes)


#9109 Population & Demography - Was Malthus Right? Population and Resources in the 21st Century (Run time 27 min.) DVD $129.95

The dire prediction by controversial economist Thomas Malthus that the world's expanding population would swiftly outrun its food supply has not come to fruition-yet. In this program, demographer Paul Demeny, of the Population Council; Walter Reid, of the World Resources Institute; and Max Singer, co-founder of the Hudson Institute, join Ben Wattenberg, of the American Enterprise Institute, in debating issues such as the powerful influence of technology in refuting Malthus' theory, population projections for the 21st century, and the very real economic and physical aspects of resource depletion. (27 minutes)


#10919 Population & Demography - Population Six Billion (Run time 58 min.) DVD $129.95

With 10,000 children born per hour, 80 million per year, the human population of the Earth surpassed the 6 billion mark in 1999. As resources of every kind get spread thinner and thinner, how will the impoverished peoples of Africa, Asia, and Latin America survive? And how much longer will it be before their urgent plight devastates Western society? This program thoroughly addresses the grim realities of life in third-world nations while providing case studies of population control initiatives in Vietnam, Uganda, and Mexico that include family planning, HIV/AIDS testing and counseling, and sex education. (58 minutes)


#10485 Terrorism - The Price of Surprise: Days One Through Six (Run time 57 min.) DVD $129.95

It began with flu-like symptoms, but within a few days progressed in severity until patients began dying in droves. Emergency rooms were overrun, and hysteria had enveloped the metropolis. What was the cause of the ghastly plague? In this program-part one of a hypothetical scenario-ABC News anchor Ted Koppel delivers three successive reports, tracking the advance of a fictional biological attack over its first six days as the medical community scrambled to identify the pathogen and treat the victims. (56 minutes)


#10486 Terrorism - Regaining Control: Days Seven and Eight (Run time 40 min.) DVD $129.95

At the peak of the terrorist anthrax attack, more than 500 people per hour were dying, hospitals were filled to capacity, basic services were breaking down, looting had begun, and space to store the dead was running out. In this program-part two of a hypothetical scenario-ABC News anchor Ted Koppel presents two successive reports, plotting out the progress of the fictional biological attack on days seven and eight as it was finally brought under control. The price for unpreparedness? Over 50,000 dead. (40 minutes)


#29802 Terrorism - Hackers and Cyberterrorists (Run time 48 min.) DVD $129.95

In this program, hackers Reid and Count Zero, who helped create the notorious freeware program Back Orifice, and hacker Curador, arrested for credit card fraud, are joined by Martha Stansell-Gamm, of the Justice Department's Computer Crime and Intellectual Property Section; Microsoft security analyst Steven Lipner; Richard Power, author of Tangled Web; computer security experts and investigators; information warfare specialists; and victims of identity theft, cyberstalking, and embezzlement to analyze the extreme vulnerability of the Internet-and its users-to mischief, felonies, and out-and-out terrorism. (48 minutes)


#31452 Terrorism - Bioterror: The Invisible Threat (Run time 49 min.) DVD $129.95

In the arsenal of terrorism, biological weapons, particularly anthrax, have many compelling characteristics. In this program, leading experts from both the U.S. and the former Soviet Union provide chilling commentary on why bioterrorism is likely to become a global threat, citing recent incidents as well as the once-classified results of a 1966 joint U.S. Army/CIA bio-weapon experiment conducted in the New York City subway. Dramatizations of simulated terrorist attacks and laboratory techniques bring home the relative ease of manufacture and extreme lethality of these weapons. (49 minutes)


#33149 Terrorism - Chasing God (Run time 54 min.) DVD $129.95

Why do so many people believe in a higher power? And is God still relevant in the 21st century? By traveling the world and interviewing religious leaders from different faiths plus scientists and atheists, this thought-provoking program explores the human urge to believe in-or reject-something bigger and more powerful than oneself. An excellent discussion starter or lecture launcher. (54 minutes)


#33384 Terrorism - Reporting on Terrorism: The News Media and Public Health (Run time 58 min.) DVD $129.95

How should the news media prepare for and cope with a potential bioterrorist attack? In this Fred Friendly Seminar, Professor Michael Dorf of the Columbia University School of Law and 12 panelists role-play a hypothetical scenario that begins in a city hospital where a spike in a flu-like illness causes the ER staff to confront a chilling possibility: that it is not the flu at all, but something far worse. What should the ER do with the overflow of patients? Send them home? What if they are contagious? When does bioterrorism become a possible cause? When should the health department be contacted? When will the public find out, and what will their reaction be? What is the job of the journalists covering this story? Should they report the story when the health department is uncertain of the diagnosis but rumors are flying and the public is clamoring for information? A lively panel wrestles with these and a host of other dilemmas. Panelists include Douglas Clifton, editor of The Plain Dealer (Cleveland); Jerome Hauer, former acting assistant secretary for public health emergency preparedness at the Department of Health and Human Services; Joseph Henderson, associate director of terrorism preparedness at the CDC; Seattle Chief of Police R. Gil Kerlikowske; Paula Madison, president and general manager of KNBC-TV, in L.A.; Boston Mayor Thomas Menino; Lewis Nelson, M.D., of the Department of Emergency Medicine at Bellevue Hospital; Frank Sesno, former Washington bureau chief of CNN; and Kathleen Toomey, M.D., M.P.H., director of the Division of Public Health at the Georgia Department of Human Resources. Additional resources are located online at www.fredfriendly.org. (58 minutes)


#33909 Terrorism - A Short Summer in Gaza (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

The precarious hopes and daily struggles of Gaza strip residents are documented in this compelling program, which focuses on the 2003 summer ceasefire-a chapter of Israeli-Palestinian history filled with American ambivalence, disappointing prisoner releases, and the eventual disintegration of the ceasefire itself. A pacifist Gazan artist, his militant-minded son, and the pragmatic widow of a Hamas extremist all contribute to this street-level exploration of the summer's events-shedding light on the human and political consequences of the Israeli occupation, and clearly illustrating why Palestinian despair surpasses optimism. (Portions in Arabic with English subtitles, 50 minutes)


#34182 Terrorism - Europe: Revealing the Hidden Enemy (Run time 41 min.) DVD $129.95

This program shows how al Qaeda's global network was uncovered, and how, in response to counterterrorism, that network has evolved new structures and strategies. Through detailed interviews with American security officials, European intelligence agents, and alleged terrorist organizer Salim Boukhari, the program describes operations that led to the capture of a Frankfurt terrorist cell in 2000. The resilience of terrorist groups is emphasized, with one al Qaeda-hunter comparing the network to a disease-a virus that quickly mutates to avoid destruction. Original BBCW broadcast title: Europe-The Hidden Enemy. (41 minutes)


#34183 Terrorism - America: Hunting for Sleeper Cells (Run time 41 min.) DVD $129.95

Can America fight an enemy within its borders while preserving civil liberties? This program examines the critical role of the FBI's Joint Terrorism Task Forces in the hunt for al Qaeda sleeper cells, and how that role has created new challenges for the agency. Detailing the FBI's discovery and capture of Detroit and Buffalo cells, its response to foreign intelligence, domestic surveillance difficulties, and the intricate workings and results of FBI/CIA cooperation, this program depicts an American intelligence community struggling to adapt to the complexities of the war on terror. Original BBCW broadcast title: America-Hunt for the Sleeper Cells. (41 minutes)


#34184 Terrorism - Asia: Staking Out Terror's Breeding Grounds (Run time 41 min.) DVD $129.95

Unstable Southeast Asian countries with poorly equipped law enforcement agencies have become havens for terrorism; one example is the rise of the al Qaeda subgroup Jemaah Islamiya, which executed the 2002 Bali bombing. This program underscores the minimal attention that Asia has received in comparison with Middle East counterterrorist operations-and how the disparity negatively affected European and Australian intelligence preceding the Bali attack. The final episode in the Third World War series, this program evokes a sobering picture of al Qaeda's multifaceted nature. Original BBCW broadcast title: Asia-The Breeding Grounds. (41 minutes)


#34186 Terrorism - News from the Holy Land: Theory and Practice of Reporting Conflict (Run time 51 min.) DVD $129.95

Is Western media coverage of the Israeli/Palestinian conflict hindering the peace process? This hard-hitting program says yes, arguing that news reports focusing on violence without sufficiently addressing the causes promote bias and polarize public opinion. Examples of TV news stories that could provide a more accurate reflection of what is taking place in Israel and the West Bank-and, by extension, anywhere a vicious cycle of violence exists-are featured. An excellent jumping-off point for a deeper understanding of the complexities and nuances of TV journalism and the ongoing violence in the Holy Land. Viewable/printable instructor's notes are available online. (51 minutes)


#34820 Terrorism - Terrorism: BioAttack (Run time 57 min.) DVD $129.95

One of the most dreaded weapons in the terrorist's arsenal can be delivered in a paper envelope. Vividly exploring situations that public officials, health care workers, and law enforcement personnel would have to confront in the event of a biological attack, a panel of experts wrestles with questions that have gone largely unanswered in the public record: Who among America's leadership is in charge of the response? Who gets medical treatment, and who decides? Must the affected city be quarantined? Will people be prohibited from leaving? Moderated by ABC News Chief Legal Correspondent Cynthia McFadden, this Fred Friendly Seminar lays bare the central issues of homeland security and the possibility that a biological attack would turn America into a much different place overnight. Additional resources are located online at www.pbs.org/inthebalance/terrorism. (57 minutes)


#34821 Terrorism - City Under Siege (Run time 57 min.) DVD $129.95

A prolonged series of terrorist attacks could seriously endanger America's stability. In this Fred Friendly Seminar, moderator and Harvard Law School professor Charles Ogletree compels a team of experts to wrestle with a frightening scenario-a wave of bombings in a large port city and the credible rumor of a nuclear "dirty bomb" arriving in the harbor on the Fourth of July. With 5,000 shipping containers landing daily, those tasked with protecting the city face agonizing logistical and ethical questions: Is an effective search for the bomb possible? Should the threat be made public, or would that only cause panic and undermine the investigation? And perhaps the most troubling issue of all-with thousands of lives in the balance, how can information be elicited from suspects? Is torture a last resort? The clock is ticking. Additional resources are located online at www.pbs.org/inthebalance/terrorism. (57 minutes)


#35309 Terrorism - Witness to Hate: Reporting on al Qaeda (Run time 22 min.) DVD $129.95

As Islamist extremists pumped bullets into BBC security correspondent Frank Gardner, he "looked into their faces and...saw pure hatred, ruthless hatred." Fluent in Arabic, respectful toward Islam, and very at home in Saudi Arabia, Gardner had been reporting on al Qaeda activity when he and his cameraman were gunned down. In this ABC News program, Gardner recounts with quiet courage the events of that terrible day and the challenges he has faced along the road to partial recovery. For insights into anti-Western feelings in the Middle East and a vivid first-person account of reporting the war on terror, this video is not to be missed. (22 minutes)


#35376 Terrorism - Global Jihad (Run time 22 min.) DVD $129.95

To better understand the forces behind Islamic terrorism, students need to look beyond the Middle East. This ABC News program examines the rise of al Qaeda-style fundamentalism in Southeast Asia, the institutions that support it, and the threats to America that it represents. Investigating the organization known as Jemaah Islamiyah-and an Indonesian boarding school that is, essentially, the group's West Point-the video sorts through one of the most troubling paradoxes of the war on terror: how militant Islam appears to be supported by a unified global network while regional and national groups carry out their own, independent brands of jihad. (22 minutes)


#10604 World History & Politics - Fascism: The Legacy of Hate (Run time 38 min.) DVD $129.95

As the ultra-right edges closer to real power in Europe, a dismayed EU fears a dark renaissance in politics. This disturbing program, supported by footage including a skinhead hate party and anti-immigrant violence, traces the virulent resurgence of xenophobia in Europe. Joerg Haider, of Austria's Freedom Party; Albert Szabo, founder of Hungary's World Nation Party; and politicos from the German, Italian, and French extreme right defend their platforms while author Michael Ignatieff, historian Anton Pelinka, Jewish leaders, and Kosovar and Kurdish refugees counter with insights into the psychology of hate and voice fears that Europe's bloody history will soon repeat itself. (38 minutes)


#31480 World History & Politics - Armenia: A Genocide Denied (Run time 34 min.) DVD $129.95

In 1915, the Ottoman Empire tried to exterminate its Christian Armenian citizens, killing perhaps as many as 1.5 million people. Modern-day Turkey denies that it happened. For both moral and diplomatic reasons, Israel downplays the event. This program investigates evidence of an Armenian genocide by visiting sites of mass burials and presenting testimonials from survivors and their descendants. Leading figures on both sides of the debate are interviewed, including historian Hilal Berktay, who leads the effort for recognition in Turkey; Dr. Yari Auron, the Israeli author of The Banality of Indifference; and Arslan Terzioglu, head of the Turkish government's Armenian Research Institute. (34 minutes)


#32900 World History & Politics - The Road to Nowhere: Yugoslavia (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

They might be described as a throwback to the Middle Ages, but this current crop of warlords constitute the big figures of the new world order. This program examines these people, whose power derives from the barrel of a gun, and the rhetoric with which they justify themselves and motivate one another: the rhetoric of nationalism. The story of Yugoslavia is the story of the country's first highway, the Highway of Brotherhood and Unity; today it is a symbol of everything that has gone wrong in the country, a road impassable for both Serb and Croat-a road to nowhere. (50 minutes)


#32901 World History & Politics - Dreaming a Nation: The Kurds (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

"Until I knew I was a Kurd, I didn't know who I was. Now I know who I am and I am willing to die for it..."-the words, not of a battle-hardened guerrilla, but of a teenage girl from Australia. This program shows little children singing that the Kurds will live forever as jets roar overhead; it introduces us to warlords and guerrilla camps; and it demonstrates how people who are threatened by genocide feel that a state of their own is their only protection. That is the bottom line of nationalism. (50 minutes)


#32902 World History & Politics - A Nation Returns: Germany (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

A neo-Nazi skinhead thinks democracy is unnatural; a typical liberal prefers to be a citizen of the world; a far-right office holder fantasizes about his hard-working, disciplined, Aryan fatherland. This program looks at Germany reunified: while there was an East/West, communist/capitalist split, Germans could forget about nationalism, which is now back with a vengeance. The liberals, we discover, don't like the Germany they have, while the neo-Nazis love a Germany that doesn't exist; after 45 years of longing for reunification, the two Germanys hardly recognize one another. (50 minutes)


#32903 World History & Politics - Lifting the Yoke: Ukraine (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

The starting point of this program is the concept that your nation is where your graves are. Michael Ignatieff, the series presenter, stands by his great-grandfather's grave, whose marble top still bears marks from when it was used as a butcher's block in Stalin's time. This program examines the emotional effects of the establishment-or re-establishment-of an independent Ukraine: the looming ghost of Stalin, the fear of clashes between the Church and independence-minded nationalists, and opinions on both sides on the imposition of the Ukrainian language. (50 minutes)


#32904 World History & Politics - Mirror, Mirror: Northern Ireland (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

This program focuses on the Loyalists of Northern Ireland: Protestant, anti-Catholic, anti-European, anti-Irish, monarchist, they clearly belong to a nation-state-the United Kingdom-but feel abandoned by the British people, who no longer share their devotion to traditional values. They are, of course, at home in the northern part of Ireland; but they seem most at home when invoking the past to justify their present opinions and singing the kind of nationalist song which any Serb or Croat, Kurd, German or Ukrainian, French Canadian or Cree would sing to prove his or her blood and belonging. (50 minutes)


#32905 World History & Politics - Reconquering the Conquest: Quebec (Run time 50 min.) DVD $129.95

This program focuses the spotlight on a region that crackles with both aboriginal and linguistic nationalism. The politics of language is at the heart of the battle for a unilingual French-speaking society; at the same time, a different yet similar battle is going on in the icy north, where the Cree people are fighting the Quebec government over territory the Cree claim-an example of an aboriginal group using the language of European nationalism to advance its claims. Quebec raises the question of whether a single federal state can survive if it contains a couple of nations and two major language groups. (50 minutes)


#32966 World History & Politics - The New Leap Forward: The Chinese Communist Party in the 21st Century (Run time 52 min.) DVD $129.95

Thanks to reforms first enacted by Jiang Zemin and others, Chinese communism has adopted some remarkably capitalistic ideologies. This landmark program documents the transformation of the Chinese Communist Party as, in its efforts to advance the nation's manufacturing power and extend the benefits of Party membership, it inducts a previously banned member segment: private entrepreneurs. But can the new Communist Party still be called Marxist? (52 minutes)


#33407 World History & Politics - Dying to Be Free: Zimbabwe's Struggle for Change (Run time 51 min.) DVD $129.95

A portrait of the politics and history of Zimbabwe, this program traces Robert Mugabe's rise to power and depicts his 22-year dictatorship in a country where millions rely on food aid to survive, inflation is at 500 percent, and almost three quarters of the country's workforce is unemployed. Also included is rare footage that captures the demand for change and the popular support for the new opposition party, MDC, during the presidential election in 2002. (51 minutes)


#33442 World History & Politics - Plutarch: Parallel Lives (Run time 22 min.) DVD $129.95

With a novelist's attention to psychological detail, a diarist's love of personal history, and a moralist's penchant for spinning parables, the Roman writer Plutarch created an altogether new kind of biographical history with his Parallel Lives, a series of paired portraits of major figures from classical Greece and Rome. In this program, Plutarch himself is held up for scrutiny, and he gives an extraordinary accounting of himself. Philosopher, priest of the Temple of Apollo, benefactor, and early advocate for the education of women, Plutarch practiced what he preached: "The virtues of these great men serve me as a sort of looking-glass, in which I may see how to adjust and adorn my own life." Passages from Parallel Lives are interspersed throughout the program, highlighting both Plutarch's style and his substance. (22 minutes)


#33444 World History & Politics - Thomas More: Utopia (Run time 24 min.) DVD $129.95

Thomas More's Utopia, one of the most significant texts of English humanism, has become the ideal for a society based on fundamental human principles of fairness and justice. This program follows the progress of More's intellectual development, from his early friendship with the influential humanist Erasmus of Rotterdam, to his rise to power as a member of Parliament and later Chancellor of England, through his tempestuous relationship with King Henry VIII-who would eventually break away from the Catholic Church and set into motion More's execution. In this program, quotations from Utopia serve as a dramatic counterpoint to More's own life story, bringing into stark relief the contrast between his idealized state and the real world in which he lived and died. (24 minutes)


#33446 World History & Politics - Adam Smith: The Wealth of Nations (Run time 19 min.) DVD $129.95

In 1776, Adam Smith published The Wealth of Nations, a treatise that would forever change our understanding of how work, value, and money are interrelated. This program details Smith's life and traces the impact of his work as Europe began the arduous transition from mercantilism to the laissez-faire philosophy of the Physiocrats. After Smith, labor was seen as the source of a country's wealth, not its stores of gold or silver. Ironically, The Wealth of Nations would both inspire Karl Marx's socialist ideas and facilitate the rise of liberalism, upon which the capitalist economies of subsequent centuries would be built. Quotes from The Wealth of Nations are woven into the narrative, including the famous passage describing how an "invisible hand" guides individuals towards the common good. (19 minutes)


#33735 World History & Politics - One Day of War (Run time 47 min.) DVD $129.95

This shocking and highly innovative documentary reveals the scale and effects of war on the modern world: people fight for their land, their religion, their ideas, and sometimes, solely their survival. Following combatants in 16 wars over the same 24-hour time period, the program tells the stories of a range of fighters-from child soldiers to women commandos and UN peacekeepers to army conscripts-in conflicts from Burma to Sudan, Laos to Cambodia, cutting between characters as the day unfolds. This is a continuing drama about individuals: their reasons for fighting, their hopes for the future, and the fear, excitement, and often banality of life in a war zone. A BBCW Production. (47 minutes)


#36316 World History & Politics - Corazon Aquino: Restoring Democracy in the Philippines (Run time 40 min.) DVD $129.95

The assassination of Ninoy Aquino marked the beginning of the end for Ferdinand Marcos. In this program, Corazon Aquino explains how she entered into politics to continue the fight that her slain husband had begun-and in the process toppled a dictator and restored democracy in the Philippines. Discussion of key moments in her odyssey vividly evoke the time when a housewife with no political aspirations emerged as Asia's first female democratically elected president. Aquino, an exemplar of humility and faith in action, risked everything to carry out her heartfelt resolve to return power to the people. (41 minutes)


#36317 World History & Politics - Madeleine Albright: Fighting Genocide in Kosovo (Run time 40 min.) DVD $129.95

For former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, the war in Kosovo was both political and very personal. This program focuses on how America's first female Secretary of State built national and international consensus against Slobodan Milosevic to derail his agenda of ethnic cleansing in the wake of the failed Rambouillet peace negotiations. Albright also discusses the shaping of her values through both her early years of life in the Europe of Hitler and Stalin and her family losses to the Holocaust. Positive comments on what it was like to be a high-ranking woman in the male-dominated world of politics and diplomacy round out the program. (40 minutes)


#1739 20th Century History - Rehearsal for D-Day: (Run time 26 min.) DVD $149.95

Here is the story of one of the best-kept secrets of World War II: the rehearsals for D-Day, a wargame played for real that went tragically wrong, costing more than 750 American lives-more than were lost on Utah Beach in the real invasion of Normandy. It was a catastrophe from start to finish, an astounding catalogue of crossed wires, incompetence, and misunderstanding. For example, live ammunition was used in the rehearsals; 36 G.I.s were killed when mines exploded during a lecture-on mine safety. American and British medics were warned to ask no questions, take no histories. "Anyone who talks about these casualties will be subject to court-martial." This was a disaster that never officially happened. This investigative documentary provides another dimension to our knowledge of D-Day. (26 minutes)


#5809 20th Century History - The Eye of the Dictator: Propaganda and the Nazis (Run time 55 min.) DVD $149.95

This program examines the use of film and particularly the weekly newsreel to inform, disinform, and persuade Germany during the years of the Nazi regime. The program takes an in-depth look at the way Josef Goebbels, Minister of Propaganda, controlled the work of German film cameramen and how he manipulated their work to great effect both as propaganda and as art. Berlin exercised total editorial control of everything, with Goebbels himself assuming total news management. He approved every film and every budget, decided on the music, and chose the emphasis. When Goebbels was satisfied, the result was shown to Hitler for his personal approval. The program contains extraordinary footage that illustrates the Nazis' efforts in producing propaganda and demonstrates the enormous power of film to sway the national imagination. (55 minutes, color with b&w archival footage)


#8397 20th Century History - Superpowers Collide (Run time 48 min.) DVD $149.95

The end of World War II brought a desolate European landscape with two countries and two ideologies in an epic face-off. Sir David Frost and noted historian Michael Beschloss examine a multitude of essential topics and events of the period, including the roots of the Cold War, the early challenge to Truman, the Berlin Airlift, the Korean War and the spread of "red scare" paranoia, the arms race and the threat of nuclear Armageddon, Khrushchev, the Berlin Wall, the Cuban missile crisis, and the growing quagmire of Vietnam as navigated by Presidents Johnson, Nixon, and Ford. Frost's interviews with Alexander Haig, Helmut Schmidt, Bobby Kennedy, Henry Kissinger, Margaret Thatcher, George Bush, and others provide insight into the nerve-wracking tensions and high drama of this pivotal struggle in world history. (48 minutes)


#8398 20th Century History - Powerplay: End of an Empire (Run time 50 min.) DVD $149.95

In the midst of the trauma of the Vietnam War, a U.S. diplomatic strategy evolves that begins the unraveling of the Soviet Empire. This program on the Cold War of the 1970s and 80s, hosted by David Frost and featuring historian Michael Beschloss, focuses on such key events and tactics as detente, the manipulations that sparked Middle East tensions between Soviet-supported Egypt and American-backed Israel, Nixon's historic trip to China, the SALT talks, the "dirty little wars" in Central America, the Reagan Revolution and his Strategic Defense Initiative, the fall of the Berlin Wall, "perestroika" and "glasnost," and the ultimate collapse of the Soviet Union. Exclusive Frost interviews with Margaret Thatcher, Norman Schwarzkopf, Mikhail Gorbachev, Presidents Carter, Reagan, and Bush, and others, along with the use of previously classified U.S. and Russian documents, bring the story of the last decades of the Cold War to life. (50 minutes)


#8838 20th Century History - Bosnia's Rite of Return (Run time 50 min.) DVD $149.95

What is it like when tens of thousands of refugees return home from several years of exile to rebuild their lives? In this program, Muslim refugees from the village of Stolac describe the challenges of living with their wartime enemies; Croat refugees, preparing to celebrate Easter, seek guidance from a clergy that is itself divided between a desire for reconciliation and a belief in racial supremacy; and Bosnia's major religious leaders in Sarajevo discuss the struggle to keep the nation's multi-ethnic society alive. (50 minutes)


#8839 20th Century History - Televangelism in Brazil (Run time 42 min.) DVD $149.95

Until recently, Brazil was the world's most populous Catholic nation-until the Pentecostal Protestants began a televangelical campaign that has resulted in a national identity crisis. This program examines the TV ratings war between the Pentecostals and the Catholics, whose Charismatics are countering with television programming of their own. Additional insights are offered by Liberation theologian Leonardo Boff. (42 minutes)


#10085 20th Century History - Archbishop Desmond Tutu and the Rainbow Nation (Run time 54 min.) DVD $149.95

"You'll never be free until we are free," said Archbishop Desmond Tutu to the white citizens of South Africa-and thanks to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, blacks and whites alike are finally free to put down the burden of guilt and come together as one people. This program follows a busy day in the life of Nobel Laureate Tutu in 1996, which begins with a tour through his Cape Town diocese and ends with a trip to Johannesburg to greet his mentor, Trevor Huddleston, on his return to South Africa. Can post-apartheid reforms outpace the daunting challenges still facing the Rainbow Nation? (54 minutes)


#10086 20th Century History - Eric Hobsbawm and Slovakian Nationalism (Run time 54 min.) DVD $149.95

"Nationalism is not compatible with the progress of history," says Eric Hobsbawm. In this program, the renowned Marxist historian travels 35 miles on the Pressburg Railway to prove his point-a brief trip from Vienna to Bratislava in 1996 and a century-long journey through a landscape that has seen some of Europe's most turbulent political changes. Using the excursion as a paradigm for the nationalistic struggles of the region, Professor Hobsbawm traces the birth of modern Slovakia from its roots in the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, to the region's annexation by Hitler and subsequent domination by the Soviet Union, to Slovakian independence. (54 minutes)


#10087 20th Century History - Eqbal Ahmad and the Partitioning of India (Run time 55 min.) DVD $149.95

Eqbal Ahmad, a leading authority on colonialism and nationalism, asserts that "a nation is hard to define because it is an ideology based on identity, and identity constantly changes." And he should know, having once traveled 900 miles from his village in India to resettle in Pakistan as part of the 1947 Muslim exodus. This program engages Professor Ahmad in a retrospective investigation of the politico-religious ideals that led to the formation of India and Pakistan as he travels once again, 49 years later, the Grand Trunk Road. (55 minutes)


#35664 20th Century History - From Harmony to Revolution: The Birth and Growth of Socialism (Run time 58 min.) DVD $149.95

As a movement, socialism thrived in Europe-but America was its cradle. This program explores the origins of socialist principles and how they evolved into military revolution in Russia and political strife in the United States. Recounting Robert Owen's New Harmony experiment, the program details the intellectualization of socialism by Marx, Engels, and Bernstein, followed by the rise of Lenin and the creation of the U.S.S.R. The video also dissects Marx's predictions about when and where revolution could be expected, studying the careers of Samuel Gompers and Eugene Debs and the successes and failures of American socialism. (57 minutes)


#35666 20th Century History - Tearing Down the Wall: The Decline of Socialism (Run time 58 min.) DVD $149.95

Did the Soviet Union collapse under external pressure or its own weight? What enabled free market forces to assert themselves in China? Is socialism dead, or has it simply evolved? This program addresses these and other questions, focusing on the political, cultural, and economic factors behind the fall of the iron curtain regimes. Outlining the Cultural Revolution and its consequences, the emergence of the Reagan and Thatcher administrations, and the backfiring of the Soviet coup in 1991, the program demonstrates in detail how governments across the world abandoned socialism-some entirely, while others have maintained a tenuous facade. (58 minutes)


#36440 20th Century History - Hitler vs. Stalin (Run time 50 min.) DVD $149.95

From the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact to the launch of Operation Barbarossa, this program explores in detail the efforts of Hitler and Stalin to outwit each other during the so-called period of cooperation lasting from August 1939 to June 1941-and how their mutual distrust wrong-footed them both, with disastrous results for their countries. Numerous quotations from the dictators are included, as well as readings from the diaries of Joseph Goebbels, Count Ciano, General Franz Halder, Major Gerhard Engel, and Georgi Dimitrov. (50 minutes)


#36441 20th Century History - Churchill vs. Roosevelt (Run time 50 min.) DVD $149.95

The rosy picture of Anglo-American amity during the run-up to America's entry into World War II is more myth than fact. Starting in May 1940 with the fall of continental Western Europe and the isolation of Britain, this program explores the tenuous relationship between Churchill and Roosevelt as the U.S. haltingly progressed first to arsenal of democracy and then to full-fledged combatant. Quotations from the Prime Minister and the President and diary entries of Sir John Colville, Henry Stimson, Lord Halifax, Harold Ickes, Henry Morgenthau, and Joseph Goebbels appear throughout. (50 minutes)


#36442 20th Century History - Churchill vs. Stalin (Run time 50 min.) DVD $149.95

Behind the smokescreen of the massive Anglo-American/Soviet pincer movement that would inevitably crush the German war effort, Churchill and Stalin were locked in a grim struggle of wills to set the terms that would decide the immediate future of postwar Europe-a contest in which victory was tipped to the U.S.S.R. through the secret intervention of President Roosevelt. This program reveals the details, supported by readings from the diaries of Sir John Colville, Lord Moran, General Alan Brooke, Lord Halifax, and Oliver Harvey and quotations of Churchill, Stalin, Roosevelt, Anthony Eden, W. Averell Harriman, and General Dwight Eisenhower. (50 minutes)


#36443 20th Century History - Roosevelt vs. Stalin (Run time 50 min.) DVD $149.95

Toward the end of World War II, as the era of European empires was coming to a close, a new world order was in the making-and Roosevelt and Stalin were at the center of its creation. This program tracks the political hopes and fears of the Allies during the period that ended with the death of FDR and the collapse of the Third Reich. The words of Roosevelt, Stalin, W. Averell Harriman, Daisy Suckley, Anthony Eden, and Lord Moran offer insights into the monumental events during which Roosevelt gambled the freedom of millions in the shakeout of postwar Europe...and lost. (50 minutes)


#37044 20th Century History - Inside the Mind of Adolf Hitler (Run time 49 min.) DVD $149.95

Psychological profiles of criminals and foreign adversaries are a regular part of modern law enforcement and intelligence-gathering. At the height of World War II, however, creating a profile of the enemy-detailing as much as possible about his childhood, current state of mind, and potential actions-was a groundbreaking notion. This program recounts the work of Harvard psychoanalyst Dr. Walter Langer, who compiled the first-ever disciplined analysis of Adolf Hitler's mental and emotional state, using a Freudian model of investigation. The process by which Langer joined the U.S. Office of Strategic Services, assembled a team, conducted interviews, and wrote his prescient 281-page report makes a fascinating case study for coursework in psychological profiling and research. A BBCW Production. (48 minutes)


#37119 20th Century History - The Spanish Civil War, Part 1-in Spanish (Run time 46 min.) DVD $149.95

This program sets the stage for an in-depth study of the Spanish Civil War by making sense of the political situation during the run-up to the war; by profiling disparate groups-centrists, anarchists, socialists, communists, separatists-and their leaders and backers; and by tracking the volatile events that snaked, like a powder train, toward the conflagration that in 1936 erupted in Madrid and touched off the military uprising in Spanish Morocco. The program concludes with the Battles of Badajoz and Talavera. Commentary by Ismael Saz, of the University of Valencia; Complutense University of Madrid's Julio Arostegui; religious historian Hilari Raguer i Suner; and others is featured. A Films for the Humanities & Sciences Production. (Spanish, 46 minutes, b&w/color)


#37121 20th Century History - The Spanish Civil War, Part 3-in Spanish (Run time 47 min.) DVD $149.95

The Battle of Teruel, the Munich Pact, the Republican government's flight to Barcelona, and the Nationalists' attack on Valencia and invasion of Catalonia loom large in this program as the Second Republic spirals toward surrender. Commentary by Jose Maria Sole i Sabate and Jose Maria Figueras of the Autonomous University of Barcelona; religious historian Hilari Raguer i Suner; Alfonso Casas, secretary of the Battle of Teruel Association; historian Carlos Blanco Escola, a former Republican cavalry colonel; and others is featured. A Films for the Humanities & Sciences Production. (Spanish, 47 minutes, b&w/color)


#37122 20th Century History - The Spanish Civil War, Part 4-in Spanish (Run time 45 min.) DVD $149.95

Beginning with the pitched battle for Barcelona and the fall of Madrid and ending with anti-Franco refugees fleeing Spain for France and Latin America, this program captures the final months of the Spanish Civil War and the Francoist reprisals that followed-a mirror of both the despair and the triumphalism of the times. Commentary by Francisco de Vitoria University's Javier Cervera Gil; Angel Bahamonde, of the University Carlos III of Madrid; Mirta Nunez Diaz-Balart, of Complutense University of Madrid; Alberto Reig Tapia, of the Rovira i Virgili University; Joan Villarroya, of the University Barcelona; and others is featured. A Films for the Humanities & Sciences Production. (Spanish, 45 minutes, b&w/color)


#37605 20th Century History - Eternal Beauty? The Story of the Third Reich Through Its Own Propaganda (Run time 92 min.) DVD $149.95

No other totalitarian regime is as closely associated with an artistic movement as Nazi Germany. From the towering architecture of Albert Speer to the grandiose films of Leni Riefenstahl, art fed into and shaped Nazi ideals, reflecting back a world where Aryan strength triumphs over all enemies. Through art on a monumental scale, Hitler created a world-and a worldview-as enticing as it was illusory...a world of eternal beauty. This program definitively examines the history of the Third Reich through the lens of its own artistic iconography-films that promoted German superiority, demonized Jews, encouraged love of the fatherland, and hid the fact that the nation, after reverses on every front, was steadily losing the war. (92 minutes)


#30519 Global Studies - Countdown to Hope: Opposing the Threat of Nuclear War (Run time 57 min.) DVD $149.95

From the decline of nuclear security in the former Soviet Union to the threat of nuclear war between India and Pakistan, this program examines the clear and present danger posed by nuclear armaments in the 21st century and efforts to neutralize plans by nations, rogue states, and zealot factions alike to detonate them. A senior consultant on India's nuclear weapon stance; retired General Lee Butler, of the Strategic Air Command; Igor Sutyagin, from the Russian military; Sir Michael Alexander, former adviser to Margaret Thatcher; and actor/producer Michael Douglas, a UN Messenger for Peace, are featured. (57 minutes)


#34992 Global Studies - Global Exchange: Free Trade and Protectionism (Run time 34 min.) DVD $149.95

Did protectionist tariffs initiate the Great Depression? Will free trade across international borders benefit all countries involved, or create winners and losers? Is there any middle ground in the globalization debate? This program surveys the history and politics of cross-border trade, identifying ways that nations have tried to strengthen, reduce, or prevent it. Outlining the concept known as pattern of trade, the video examines cases for and against free trade while studying comparative advantage, wage inequality, economies of scale, and the infant industry argument. The evolution of international trade policy is also examined, featuring prominent examples of pro- and anti-protectionist measures: the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act, GATT, NAFTA, the emergence of the World Trade Organization, and more. The success of East Asian economies following World War II highlights the principle of export-oriented industrialization. A Films for the Humanities & Sciences Production. (33 minutes)


#34993 Global Studies - Global Capital Market: Risks and Rewards (Run time 34 min.) DVD $149.95

What are the mechanisms that drive international finance? Does worldwide capital mobility destabilize the global economy? Do the benefits to investors outweigh the potential for monetary crises? This program illustrates the flow of international capital, analyzes the risks it presents to banking and currency systems, and studies international political structures created to address those risks. The video presents the pros and cons of financial globalization, in the process explaining the concepts of inter-temporal trade, portfolio diversification, income inequality, and capital inflow and outflow. Recounting fiscal catastrophes that provoked international alarm-including the 1995 Mexican peso crisis and the 1997 implosion of Asian economies that impacted nations across the world-the program draws parallels between our current investment climate and the so-called First Age of Globalization in the late 19th century. A Films for the Humanities & Sciences Production. (33 minutes)


#34994 Global Studies - Economic Development: A Global Challenge (Run time 34 min.) DVD $149.95

How is the economic progress of a country or a region measured? What causes underdevelopment and poverty? Will the struggling nations of the world ever "catch up" with the wealthy ones? This program studies various methods for calculating economic potential, growth, and stagnation in the context of today's global environment. Introducing the three main determinants of income and expansion-physical capital, human capital, and technology-the video examines geographic, historical, and political reasons behind underdevelopment, especially the vestigial effects of colonialism and the population disparities that exist between rich and poor nations. Production structure, credit markets, income inequality within a country, and the concept of the dual economy are all explored in detail. The success of micro credit systems highlights the possibility of development in even the most disadvantaged societies. A Films for the Humanities & Sciences Production. (36 minutes)


#38826 Global Studies - The Dying Fields: Despair in India's Cotton Belt (Run time 58 min.) DVD $149.95

Once known as India's Cotton Belt, the cotton-growing region of Vidarbha, central India, is now being called the Suicide Belt. Crop failures, sinking global cotton prices, spiraling debt, and a forbidding bureaucracy are driving farmers to unbearable levels of despair. This Wide Angle report captures the tense relations between farmers and illegal money lenders, traveling salesmen hawking expensive "miracle seeds," and a businessman-turned-activist who is staking a political career on the cause of Vidarbha's farmers-and farm widows. An interview between Daljit Dhaliwal and Columbia University's Jagdish Bhagwati, Senior Fellow in International Economics at the Council on Foreign Relations, concludes the program. (57 minutes)


#3022 Human Rights - Freedom of Speech: A Satanic Scenario (Run time 58 min.) DVD $149.95

A member of Parliament and the chairman of the Commission for Racial Equality see a Muslim waiter attempt to assassinate Salman Rushdie, author of The Satanic Verses. Do they try to stop the attack? How do they report the incident to the police? This program looks at the way the police, the publisher, the courts, and the government respond to the challenge raised by Rushdie's book. Participants include film director Michael Winner, the bishop of Manchester, novelist Fay Weldon, a newspaper editor, and a former Home Secretary. (58 minutes)


#3023 Human Rights - Color and the Quality of Life (Run time 58 min.) DVD $149.95

A black attorney and a white judge clash over an issue of law versus principle, as the attorney refuses to defend a white racist accused of vandalizing the apartment of an Asian family. Moderated by Harvard Law professor Arthur Miller, the program looks at the issues involved in Great Britain in the relationship between racial minorities and housing, local councils, and police. Participants include a woman police superintendent, a member of Parliament, and a Racial Equality officer. (58 minutes)


#7629 Human Rights - Crimes Against Humanity: Justice Pursued (Run time 50 min.) DVD $149.95

Rwanda, Argentina, East Germany, and Bosnia have been the locus for some of the most heinous acts of the last 20 years. In this program, Gerald Gahima, Rwanda's Minister of Justice, has the unenviable job of tracking down hundreds of Rwandans accused of perpetrating hideous atrocities against their neighbors during that country's recent civil war. We follow Gahima to Israel, where, in an emotional meeting with a former Nazi-hunter, Gahima receives advice on how to proceed. The torture and murder of thousands of young Argentines are detailed by a survivor. In East Germany, newly discovered Stasi training tapes paint a brutal portrait of political repression behind the Berlin Wall, while in Bosnia, efforts to track down the perpetrators of ethnic cleansing are ongoing. (50 minutes)


#7630 Human Rights - Crimes Against Humanity: The Quest for Truth (Run time 50 min.) DVD $149.95

The victims of terror seek justice but rarely find it. Some say it is better to simply discover and acknowledge the ugly truth-"Open the wound to cleanse it, so that it does not fester," advises Desmond Tutu. This program traces the quest for truth in Guatemala, and finds it can be a dangerous business in a country where terror continues to reign. In Argentina, a mother's twenty-year search for her daughter is over, and she is about to meet a man who may reveal the truth about the daughter's disappearance. But can the woman bear it? And in South Africa, Edmund Zondi wants his son's killers punished, but fears that a government amnesty program for those who admit to their activities may set them free. (50 minutes)


#7631 Human Rights - Crimes Against Humanity: The Long Road to Reconciliation (Run time 50 min.) DVD $149.95

In 1992, white South African policeman Brian Mitchell was jailed for life on eleven counts of murder. Under new government amnesty policies designed to unite the torn nation, he is now free. Recently, he returned to the scene of his crimes. Using Bosnia, Chile, Mozambique, and South Africa as examples, this program probes whether national reconciliation can be purchased at the price of justice for victims of political terror. It asks whether national unification is even possible if victims perceive themselves as forgotten. (50 minutes)


#29045 Human Rights - Genocide: From Biblical Times Through the Ages (Run time 57 min.) DVD $149.95

Although the term "genocide" was coined by humanitarian Rafael Lemkin in reference to the Turkish expulsion and slaughter of Armenians in the early 20th century, the phenomenon is as old as civilization. In this program, a variety of experts analyze Biblical accounts and some of the earliest documented examples of genocide, as in the Athenian siege of Milos in 416 BC, to explore the psychology that motivates such violence. This grim survey of history looks at the extermination of Tasmanians, Native Americans, Namibia's Herero tribe, and the Armenians. Guests include Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel, Executive Director of Amnesty International USA William Schulz, and David Scheffer, U.S. Ambassador at Large for War Crimes. Viewer discretion is advised. (57 minutes)


#29046 Human Rights - Genocide in the First Half of the 20th Century (Run time 57 min.) DVD $149.95

State-sanctioned violence has always existed, but technological advances have facilitated its use as a viable means of exerting political power. This program continues the examination of the history of genocide, focusing on the 1921 Tulsa Race Riot, the 1923 Rosewood Massacre, Stalin's forced Ukrainian famine, the Japanese Rape of Nanking, and the Holocaust. A host of survivors, experts, and scholars include Martha Barnett, president of the American Bar Association; Eddie Faye Gates; Iris Chang, author of The Rape of Nanking; Yehuda Bauer, director of the Yad Vashem International Institute for Holocaust Research; and Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel. Viewer discretion is advised. (57 minutes)


#29047 Human Rights - Never Again? Genocide Since the Holocaust (Run time 57 min.) DVD $149.95

After the atrocities of World War II, the cry of conscience was "never again!" As this program demonstrates, that bitterly learned injunction went unheeded throughout much of the world. The chronicle of genocide continues with a look at Mao's purges in China, Cambodia under Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge, the Arab/Israeli conflict, border wars in Pakistan and Bangladesh, and killing in Central America. Guests include Dr. Ben Kiernan, Genocide Studies Program director at Yale University; Pierre-Richard Prosper, Special Counsel and Policy Advisor to U.S. Ambassador at Large for War Crimes Issues; and Sophal Leng Stagg, Cambodian survivor and author of Hear Me Now: Tragedy in Cambodia. Viewer discretion is advised. (57 minutes)


#29048 Human Rights - Genocide: The Horror Continues (Run time 57 min.) DVD $149.95

The late 20th century produced a sinister euphemism: "ethnic cleansing." This program concludes a comprehensive survey of genocide by looking at the most recent examples in Iraq, Iran, and Turkey; Burundi and Rwanda; the former Yugoslavia; Indonesia and East Timor; and Chechnya. The role and efforts of the United Nations are discussed as well as what the future holds in trying to prevent genocide. Among many scholars, experts, and survivors interviewed are Jamsheed Marker, former U.S. Ambassador and negotiator to East Timor; Gregory H. Stanton, director of Genocide Watch; and Joseph Mutaboba, Rwandan Ambassador to the UN. Viewer discretion is advised. (57 minutes)


#30546 Human Rights - Dying to Get In: Illegal Immigration to the E.U. (Run time 59 min.) DVD $149.95

In the E.U., internal borders have been made transparent to promote the free flow of commerce. Its external borders, however, are another matter. This program surveys the high-tech methods being used to secure the E.U.'s borders against refugees and asylum-seekers alike while speaking with human smugglers, who both assist and exploit their clients; illegal immigrants, who see Europe as their only safe haven; and European bureaucrats, who in the absence of an overarching E.U. policy feel compelled to keep as many immigrants out of "Fortress Europe" as possible, to please their increasingly anti-immigrant electorates. (60 minutes)


#30547 Human Rights - Escape to the E.U.? Human Rights and Immigration Policy in Conflict (Run time 60 min.) DVD $149.95

Five decades after the inception of the Geneva Refugee Convention, the European immigration system is on the verge of collapse as a flood of people fleeing persecution and violence threatens to engulf the E.U. This program looks at the processing of refugees and asylum-seekers in Sweden and Britain-typified by a lengthy detention punctuated by interrogation and a summary legal hearing-as the UN and the E.U. seek to address human rights issues. The newsmaking stories of a Bangladeshi detainee's suicide, a Kosovar Albanian detainee's deportation to certain death, and the struggle of Cameroonian political activist George Ekontang are spotlighted. The exploitation of xenophobia as a political tool is also considered. Some content may be objectionable. (60 minutes)


#30548 Human Rights - One-Way Ticket to Ghana: Forced Deportation from the E.U. (Run time 59 min.) DVD $149.95

Peter Ekwiri, a Ugandan, is only one of many people whose applications for asylum in the E.U. have been denied. And like many other blacks from Africa considered "undesirable" by European governments such as Sweden and Germany, he was forcibly deported-but not to his home country. This program uses Ekwiri's case as a springboard to reveal a corrupt system in which E.U. police and immigration authorities clandestinely pay Ghana to act as a transfer point-in reality a dumping ground-for black deportees. And life in Ghana usually means years of imprisonment and an obscure death. The program also investigates other similar cases while exploring the statistical implications of European racial bias against black Africans. (59 minutes)


#31407 Human Rights - The Sexual Exploitation of Children: Taking a Stand (Run time 51 min.) DVD $149.95

Filmed in the Dominican Republic, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Sweden, the Netherlands, Germany, and Britain, this ageless program unflinchingly scrutinizes the violation of children's most basic rights through pedophilia, prostitution, and pornography. The efforts of ECPAT International, Swedish Save the Children, Interpol, and others to combat these gross violations are spotlighted, with a special emphasis on sex tourism and Internet porn. The chilling arguments of perpetrators of "consent-based" sexploitation provide educators with a valuable opportunity to skewer the attitudes that perpetuate child sexual exploitation. Contains explicit material. (51 minutes)


#33138 Human Rights - Fighting on Both Sides of the Law: Mandela and His Early Crusade (Run time 52 min.) DVD $149.95

Against the backdrop of another busy day for Nelson Mandela, this program traces his biography up to the point when he was convicted of treason and began serving a life sentence in a South African jail. Among many exclusive interviews are Walter Sisulu, the colleague and African National Congress leader who spotted Mandela's tremendous potential; George Bizos, Mandela's defense lawyer and friend; and Fidel Castro, who supported Mandela and the ANC in their struggle against the apartheid regime. A BBCW Production. (51 minutes)


#33139 Human Rights - An Irresistible Vision: Mandela and the End of Apartheid (Run time 51 min.) DVD $149.95

Who would have believed that Nelson Mandela would one day gain not only his own freedom, but the freedom of a nation? This program continues the powerful story of Mandela, from his 27 years in prison to his receipt of the Nobel Peace Prize and rise to the South African presidency. Along with archival footage and interviews with family, friends, and fellow leaders, the program presents Mandela in his own words through candid talks and ongoing coverage of his extraordinary public life. A BBCW Production. (51 minutes)


#39119 Human Rights - The Rape of Nanking (Run time 53 min.) DVD $149.95

Over the course of six weeks in 1937-38, Imperial Japanese forces massacred hundreds of thousands of Chinese civilians and prisoners of war as the Empire of the Rising Sun turned China's capital, Nanking, into a veritable Hell on Earth. This program seeks both to expose and to understand that shocking outrage against humanity through the testimonies of the last surviving Japanese veterans and the recollections of Chinese eyewitnesses. Rarely seen newsreel and amateur footage, uncensored personal photos, and excerpts from diaries are interspersed throughout. No human rights video collection can be considered complete without an account of the atrocity that history has labeled the Rape of Nanking. Some content may be objectionable. Not available in French-speaking Canada. (53 minutes)


#6270 Population & Demography - Paul Ehrlich and The Population Bomb (Run time 60 min.) DVD $149.95

The human population is likely to double by the middle of the 21st century, soaring past 10 billion people. How will all these people survive? Will there be enough resources to meet everyone's needs or will there be massive social upheaval, famine, and rampant pollution? These questions have been a consuming passion for biologist and environmental pioneer Paul Ehrlich, who set out decades ago to persuade the world that continued and unchecked population growth would upset the balance of nature and further widen the gap between developed and developing nations. Based on Ehrlich's best-selling book, The Population Bomb, this program features compelling archival footage from around the world, as well as interviews with Ehrlich, his colleagues, and his critics. (60 minutes)


#29879 Terrorism - Trail of a Terrorist: The Ominous Lesson of Ahmed Rassam (Run time 61 min.) DVD $149.95

On the eve of the millennium, Ahmed Rassam was arrested by a U.S. border guard as he attempted to smuggle in a bomb intended for a terrorist attack. A member of the Algerian Armed Islamic Group, he exploited Canada's grant of political asylum to use Montreal as a staging area. In this program, dramatic reenactments of Rassam's testimony reveal the weaknesses of lenient immigration laws and a lack of communication and cooperation between international agencies. Antiterrorist experts from France, Canada, and the U.S. discuss this dangerous gap in America's defense. (60 minutes)


#31761 Terrorism - In the Name of Liberation: Freedom by Any Means (Run time 49 min.) DVD $149.95

This program analyzes terrorism used in the name of national liberation through studies of covert wars for independence in British Palestine, British Malaya, French Algeria, apartheid South Africa, and Northern Ireland. Bruce Hoffman, co-author of Countering the New Terrorism, and Archbishop Desmond Tutu offer their insights, while former Irgun commander Shraga Alis; former Malayan Communist Party leader Chin Peng; former FLN commander Yacef Saadi; Milk Bar Cafe bomber Zohra Drif; retired French military officers Paul Aussaresses and Pierre-Alban Thomas; former ANC bomber Robert McBride; and former IRA member Patrick Magee-the Brighton Bomber-reflect on the parts they played in terror and counter-terror actions. (47 minutes)


#31762 Terrorism - In the Name of Revolution: Gun-Barrel Politics (Run time 48 min.) DVD $149.95

For modern revolutionaries the world over, Cuba's Che Guevara literally wrote the book. This program examines radical political movements in Germany, Italy, Peru, and Colombia to see how Che's theories have fared in practice. Former gunman Peter Jurgen Boock, of the Baader-Meinhof Gang; former gunman Valerio Morucci, of the Red Brigades; a former Shining Path insurgent; and Raul Reyes, second-in-command of FARC, talk about their roles in their factions' ideological wars. Giovanni Moro, son of the murdered Italian statesman Aldo Moro; Peruvian Truth Commission member Carlos Tapia, former leader of the United Left Front; and Peru's Minister of Justice Fernando Olivera Vega provide additional insights. (47 minutes)


#31763 Terrorism - In the Name of God: Holy Word, Holy War (Run time 49 min.) DVD $149.95

By detailing key incidents ranging from the Dawson's Field hijackings to the Luxor massacre, this program charts the ever-widening holy war that is pitting Islamists against Zionists and the Arab world against the West. The Kach Party's Noam Federman; Bassam abu Sharif, founder of the Palestine Democratic Party; Abdel Aziz Rantisi and Sheikh Ahmad Yassin, operational and spiritual leaders of Hamas; Sheikh Jamal Khatab and Sheikh Fadlallah, spiritual leaders of Lebanese al Qaeda and Hezbollah; former Jewish Underground leader Yehuda Etzion; and former PFLP hijacker Leila Khaled are featured, as are former prime minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu and Conor Gearty, expert in human rights law. (47 minutes)


#31764 Terrorism - In the Name of the State: When Might Makes Right (Run time 48 min.) DVD $149.95

This program profiles cases of Iranian-sponsored terrorism via the Hezbollah and the PLO as well as Argentina's dirty war, when the government used terror tactics against its own people. U.S.-backed insurgency in Nicaragua via the Contras is also analyzed. Joseph Kennedy II; Duane Clarridge, former chief of the CIA's Latin American division; and Bayardo Izaba, of the Nicaraguan Center for Human Rights, are spotlighted, as are retired General Martin Balza, former head of Argentina's armed forces; former interrogator Hector Vergez; Estela Barnes de Carlotto, president of the Association of Grandmothers of the May Square; and forensic anthropologist Luis Fondebrider, who is committed to identifying remains of the disappeared. (47 minutes)


#36167 Terrorism - Baghdad ER (Run time 65 min.) DVD $149.95

Combat-zone medicine has inspired innovations in civilian trauma care for decades. A particularly compelling model can be found in Iraq, where injured troops have a 90 percent chance of survival. The success rate is due to the U.S. Army's 86th Combat Support Hospital, formerly one of Saddam Hussein's elite medical centers. This sobering and profoundly moving documentary shows viewers the facility's daily tragedies and occasional triumphs, going inside operating rooms with doctors and nurses who display skill and dedication under agonizing pressure. Filmed over a two-month period, the program follows first-response medevac teams to crash and combat sites, depicts surgeries and amputations in close detail, and records the frustrations and reflections of men and women who touch and treat the effects of war every day. The perspectives of traumatized patients are also explored. Viewer discretion is advised. Includes nudity. An HBO Production. (65 minutes)


#37621 Terrorism - Iraq: The Agony of a Nation (Run time 54 min.) DVD $149.95

What, if anything, has American military power achieved in Iraq? What are the origins of the fractured nation's sectarian warfare? Are Iraqi security forces more dangerous than Islamist insurgents? This documentary features reports that U.S. and Iraqi government forces can be linked to the country's most dire security problems. Featuring interviews with high-ranking officials in the Interior Ministry and police chiefs in Mosul and Baghdad, the program investigates the actions of the so-called Wolf brigades, a U.S.-supported Shiite military group that participated in a number of anti-Sunni offensives and reportedly committed torture and other atrocities. The program also deals with other renegade militias, some trained by the same American operatives who allegedly created the Salvadoran death squads of the 1980s. (54 minutes)


#32212 World History & Politics - A New History of the World (Run time min.) DVD $149.95

Is there such a thing as a just war? Is terrorism ever morally acceptable? And can ancient art change the current view of history? This program investigates these and other questions with political philosopher Michael Walzer, who examines the origins of modern terrorism; classicist Glen Bowersock, whose study of ancient mosaics is helping him deepen his understanding of great conquests from antiquity; and Oleg Grabar, a historian of Islamic art, who discusses the religious and political volatility of the Dome of the Rock. In addition, Kirk Varnedoe, formerly of New York's Museum of Modern Art, talks about Jackson Pollock and what exactly makes modern art so modern. (57 minutes)


#32654 World History & Politics - Armed to the Teeth: The Worldwide Plague of Small Arms (Run time 56 min.) DVD $149.95

With one gun for every ten people, the UN considers the small arms crisis one of the gravest challenges facing the world. As well as investigating the proliferation of firearms and the economic, political, and cultural reasons why people carry them, this award-winning program shows what is being done to curb a man-made pestilence. Both devastation and successful disarmament are seen in case studies from Albania, Mozambique, South Africa, Colombia, El Salvador, and the world's largest small arms manufacturer, the United States. Discussing these issues are Kofi Annan, Secretary-General of the United Nations; Jayantha Dhanapala, Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament; Carol Bellamy, executive director of UNICEF; and Robert Wall of the Firearms and Explosives Unit at Interpol. A United Nations Production. (56 minutes)


#35665 World History & Politics - Unstable Utopias: The Global Spread of Socialism (Run time 58 min.) DVD $149.95

At the end of the 19th century, socialism was an idyllic dream among intellectuals. Sixty years later it had become a reality for much of the world. This program describes the expansion of socialist and Communist rule into Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and western Europe-showing the weaknesses that developed in the practice of socialism even as it reached the apex of its popularity. Documenting the ascendancy of Clement Atlee in Britain and the challenges of democratic socialism, the program also surveys Mao's brutal reign in China, Julius Nyerere's slide into dictatorship in Tanzania, and a problematic socialist experiment in Israel. (58 minutes)


#35741 World History & Politics - Political and Social Satire through Caricature (Run time 57 min.) DVD $149.95

In this program, the audacious satirical puppet team of Roger Law and Peter Fluck take viewers on an intriguing tour of political and social satire through caricature. Ranging from James Gillray's lampooning of King George III to Ralph Steadman's savaging of Richard Nixon, the program illustrates how masters of caricature have shaped public opinion through the mediums of drawing, painting, sculpture, and puppetry. The work of Honore Daumier and archival footage of George Grosz, Otto Dix, and David Lowe further underscore the power of satirical caricature to unmask-and to skewer. (57 minutes)


#35823 World History & Politics - Torture: We Have Ways of Making You Talk (Run time 53 min.) DVD $149.95

Examining the use of torture over the past half-century, this program describes its horrific application in military and political settings and explores its profound human cost. Featuring interviews with confessed practitioners of the gruesome craft, the program exposes interrogation methods developed and carried out by French army officers against Algerian independence fighters, by British police against the IRA, by American troops against the Viet Cong, and other shocking occurrences in South America and South Africa. The employment of physical and psychological abuse as a weapon against guerilla and opposition groups parallels current dilemmas in Iraq and at Guantanamo Bay. (53 minutes)


#36407 Population & Demography - No Vacancy: Global Responses to the Human Population Explosion (Run time 92 min.) DVD $159.95

With the population of the Earth poised to double within the next five decades, there is evidence that the pendulum of overpopulation is beginning to swing the other way. In this program, Population Communication's Robert Gillespie visits India, China, Mexico, Indonesia, Iran, Ghana, Nigeria, France, the U.S., and elsewhere to observe a fertility transition that may prove to be one of the most important elements in humankind's survival. Gillespie is joined by Paul Ehrlich; the presidents of World Watch Institute, Earth Policy Institute, Planned Parenthood Federation of America, and Population Council; and a host of others who have pledged to work toward population stabilization. An emotional and at times provocative portrait of global transformation. (92 minutes)


#2244 Terrorism - Hostages: The Psychology of the Survivors (Run time 104 min.) DVD $159.95

This extraordinary documentary presents the psychological case histories of four hostages who were released-a French businessman kidnapped in Paris, two French journalists captured in Lebanon, and a Dutchman hijacked by Moluccans in Holland. Through expert questioning, the hostages reveal why they were seized, how they lived during captivity, what went through their minds at the time, and their feelings toward their captors and fellow hostages-several of whom were killed by the kidnappers. In particularly poignant scenes, the hostages explain how the incidents have changed their lives forever. In French and Dutch, with English subtitles and narration. (104 minutes)


#4044 Terrorism - Search for the Master Terrorist: The Hunt for the Jackal (Run time 90 min.) DVD $159.95

This program offers a fascinating look at one of the world's leading investigative writers, David Yallop, and at the seven-year worldwide search for the world's most wanted man, Ilyich Ramirez Sanchez, "Carlos the Jackal." The program discloses extraordinary collusion between terrorist organizations and civilian airlines, millions in ransom payments by governments to terrorists, and conspiracies by Western intelligence agencies not to capture Carlos but to protect him, as it follows Yallop to London, Paris, Damascus, Beirut, the West Bank, and Tunis as he goes to extraordinary lengths to uncover the truth-and verify it. (90 minutes)


#7068 20th Century History - World Peacekeeping: Defining America's Role (Run time min.) DVD $179.9

This two-part series examines the problems facing the American military in adapting to its new role in the post-Cold War era as peacekeeper in both inter- and intra-national conflicts. 2-part series, 29 minutes each.


#6796 Human Rights - Beyond Hate (Run time min.) DVD $179.9

A woman loses her family to Northern Ireland's religious war; Arab and Israeli children enact a decades-old conflict; a South African leader spends 27 years in jail. All of these people are witnesses to and victims of hate-a pervasive emotion from which few of us are exempt. In these two programs, Bill Moyers attempts to take us beyond hate by exploring its origins and dimensions through the eyes of world leaders, human rights activists, Arabs and Israelis, high school students, youth gangs, and an American white supremacist group. 2-part series.


#30034 Human Rights - Still the Heart of Darkness: The Killing in Congo (Run time min.) DVD $179.9

Arguably the most underreported big news story of the past several years, the ongoing ethnic strife and civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo has claimed the lives of nearly three million people. This two-part ABC News series travels to what was formerly Zaire to shine the bright light of inquiry-at last-on a humanitarian crisis of monumental proportions. 2-part series.


#38732 Human Rights - Disengagement: Israel's Unilateral Withdrawal-Educator's Edition (Run time 51 min.) DVD $199.95

Israel's national unity was severely tested with the 2005 evacuation of settlers from the Gaza Strip and West Bank. This program tells the story of that watershed event through multiple perspectives and opinions. Opening with a historical overview of Israel's settlement policy, the program features compelling scenes from anti-disengagement demonstrations, the Gush Katif evacuation, Hamas rallies, Knesset sessions, and Palestinian Authority meetings. Interviews with key political players-including Israeli President Shimon Peres, former Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and a number of Palestinian leaders-highlight the impact of Israel's unilateral move on the power structures that have dominated the conflict. Bonus material (DVD only) features extended interview footage. (Portions in other languages with English subtitles, 1 hour 50 minutes + 49 minutes of bonus material)


#32950 20th Century History - Exile: Spanish Civil War Refugees Remember-in Spanish with English Subtitles (Run time min.) DVD $259.9

An ideological battleground. A prelude to World War II. An internal struggle best left alone by the free powers of the West. These are three common non-Spanish views of the Spanish Civil War. But they are not the views of the nearly one million men, women, and children who were forced to flee their beloved homeland to save their own lives. This gripping two-part series is their story: the story of the exiles. Their experiences are as old as history itself-and as current as this morning's headlines. Not available in French-speaking Canada. An RTVE Production. Spanish with English subtitles, 2-part series, 58 minutes each.


#10484 Terrorism - Biowar: The Terrible Prospect of Biological Terrorism (Run time min.) DVD $259.9

Military and government experts agree: it is probably only a matter of time before terrorists using biological weapons will attack the civilian population of the United States. In an effort to address the challenges of identifying and responding to an incident of bioterrorism, this alarming two-part series created by ABC News presents a hypothetical scenario in which anthrax is released into an anonymous city's subway system during the Friday commute. Also, an expert biowar panel discusses how civil, medical, and emergency service authorities might respond to such an attack. 2-part series, 40-56 minutes each.


#34819 Terrorism - In the Balance: A Two-Part Series on Terrorism (Run time min.) DVD $259.9

On the front lines of the war on terrorism there are no second chances. This two-part series of Fred Friendly Seminars reflects that hard reality as it examines the most critical mission of the war: preventing the next attack-or dealing with it. In two riveting scenarios, a panel of distinguished experts confronts tough questions and impossible choices that cut to the heart of America's vulnerability, as well as its strengths. This is real "reality TV" in the acclaimed Fred Friendly tradition. Panelists include Richard Clarke, former senior White House advisor; Jamie Gorelick, former deputy attorney general of the United States; Dale Watson, former FBI head of counterterrorism; former Senator Warren Rudman, (R-NH); Congressman Charles Rangel (D-NY); Frank Keating, former governor of Oklahoma; James Gilmore, former governor of Virginia; Martin O'Malley, mayor of Baltimore; Frank Sesno, CNN special correspondent and former Washington bureau chief; and Nadine Strossen, President of the ACLU. Additional resources are located online at www.pbs.org/inthebalance/terrorism. 2-part series, 57 minutes each.


#7896 20th Century History - Effective Government in the Developing World (Run time min.) DVD $269.85

This is a three-part series that explores the dynamic role that governments can play in our rapidly changing world. Each program examines the definition of good government, and how countries can balance competing social, economic, and political demands.3-part series, 30 minutes each.


#34699 Global Studies - Global Tribe: Social Transformation Around the World (Run time min.) DVD $269.85

A study of global questions and local challenges, this adventurous three-part series universalizes the struggles of people in developing nations. Host Amy Eldon examines economic, cultural, and environmental issues in the Philippines, Mexico, and South Africa, focusing on the unsung heroes in each country who give inspiration to the rest of the planet. A viewable/printable instructor's guide is available online. Portions are in Spanish with English subtitles. 3-part series, 28 minutes each.


#10669 Human Rights - Forgiveness: The Attribute of the Strong (Run time min.) DVD $269.85

In a world where might frequently makes right and violence often makes no sense at all, why is forgiveness so highly regarded by so many cultures and religions? In this thought-provoking three-part series, forgiveness is analyzed through the firsthand experiences of crime victims, peace advocates, and others, who together agree that although forgiveness cannot change the past, it does improve the future. 3-part series, 30 minutes each.


#10458 World History & Politics - Catalysts of Change: Exploration, War, and Revolution (Run time min.) DVD $269.85

History is predominantly a record of aggression and oppression between conflicting groups, interrupted by scattered periods of peace. This provocative three-part series examines the factors that drive people to explore, wage war, and revolt. 3-part series, 53 minutes each.


#8396 20th Century History - Inside the Cold War with Sir David Frost (Run time min.) DVD $299.9

For thirty years, a Cold War between the world's two mightiest superpowers-Russia and the U.S.-raged on nearly every continent. In this two-part series, David Frost presents a probing, even-handed look at the personalities and events of the war through interviews, extensive archival footage, and declassified government documents. 2-part series, 48-50 minutes each.


#33137 Human Rights - Mandela: The Living Legend (Run time min.) DVD $299.9

This two-part documentary series stands as the definitive film biography of Nelson Mandela. Each program meticulously chronicles his powerful story through archival footage and exclusive interviews, while unprecedented access to Mandela offers an intimate look into his life today. Friends and world leaders interviewed include former President Bill Clinton, Fidel Castro, and Archbishop Desmond Tutu. A BBCW Production. 2-part series, 51 minutes each.


#36372 20th Century History - Inside the Glass Building: Interviews with UN Secretaries-General (Run time min.) DVD $359.8

While the United Nations Secretary-General often attracts the media spotlight, history has rarely recorded the personal impressions of the world body's top leader. In this four-part series, Secretary-General Kofi Annan and three of his predecessors-Kurt Waldheim, Javier Perez de Cuellar, and Boutros Boutros-Ghali-share their thoughts about serving in the often-unenviable post. Rarely seen archival images and footage supplement each interview. For students of international politics and history, these programs offer valuable insight into the decision-making process within the UN as well as the organization's strengths and limitations. 4-part series, 27-31 minutes each.


#6636 Global Studies - Global Issues in Our Developing World (Run time min.) DVD $359.8

This outstanding series of geopolitical programs features case studies that address problems and issues common to various developing countries throughout the world. Each program has three country segments on a different developing nation. The case studies themselves focus on issues as timely as today's headlines--peaceful resolutions of conflicts, the environment, economic stability, human rights, and political participation. Each study puts an interesting cultural spin on similar problems, which leads to comparisons and further research and writing activities. 4-part series, 30-33 minutes each.


#34181 Terrorism - The Third World War: Al Qaeda (Run time min.) DVD $389.85

A global enemy requires a global response. This powerful series explores the unparalleled level of international cooperation necessary to defeat the al Qaeda network and contain terrorism. Interviews granted by intelligence officials in the United States, Europe, and Southeast Asia-as well as detailed conversations with captured terrorists-contribute to a document of epic proportions, clearly portraying what many see as a new world war. A BBCW Production. 3-part series, 41 minutes each.


#36314 World History & Politics - Women of Destiny, Lessons in Leadership (Run time min.) DVD $389.85

This three-part series shines history's spotlight on Madeleine Albright, Benazir Bhutto, and Corazon Aquino: female political leaders in the right place at the right time to change the course of world events-and to serve as powerful role models for women everywhere. Informative and inspiring. 3-part series, 40-41 minutes each.


#33705 World History & Politics - Days That Shook the World (Run time min.) DVD $399.8

To fully appreciate the impact of history's tipping points, it is necessary to consider the subtle connections between them. This remarkable four-part series juxtaposes eight transformative days that changed the course of history forever. Firmly based on primary source documents, each highly realistic re-creation will give viewers the distinct impression of being on the scene as the past unfolds before their eyes. A BBCW Production. 4-part series, 51 minutes each.


#8997 20th Century History - The Century: Events That Shaped the World (Run time min.) DVD $399.95

This definitive 12-part series, anchored by Peter Jennings and produced by ABC News, recounts the pivotal events of the 20th century that shaped the nation and defined America's role in the world. Drawing on hundreds of original interviews and thousands of hours of archival footage, each program focuses on a crucial historic episode that molded America's political, cultural, or ideological identity in its transition from emerging economic giant to political superpower. 12-part series, 42 minutes each.


#9010 20th Century History - The Century: Decades of Change (Run time min.) DVD $399.95

This comprehensive 15-part retrospective, produced by ABC News in association with The History Channel, is unprecedented in its scope and detail. The series takes an era-by-era look at America's evolution during the turbulent 20th century. Anchored by Peter Jennings, each program celebrates the nation's culture and explores the events that made the last hundred years the American century. 15-part series.


#3097 Human Rights - Minority Rights: Hypotheticals (Run time min.) DVD $399.95

A novel deeply offends the religious feelings of a minority community. How do the police, the publisher, the courts, and the government respond? To what extent does the color of a person's skin affect the quality of his or her life? Is anti-racist education good education? The programs address issues that are specific to England, but equally relevant to the United States. Politicians, church leaders, lawyers, and writers confront these and other challenging questions in this series of three Hypotheticals. In each program, the moderator puts hypothetical scenarios before participants who have dealt with similar situations in real life. 3-part series, 58 minutes each.


#2667 20th Century History - The War Years: Britain in World War II (Run time min.) DVD $449.75

This series tells the stories of the familiar men and the famous battles of World War II, of Churchill and Montgomery, Roosevelt and Eisenhower, Hitler and Goering, of Dunkirk, El Alamein, Normandy, Stalingrad, as well as the lesser-known stories of those who stayed at home in Britain, to endure the Blitz, to enlist in the Home Guard and have no weapon with which to fight off the feared invasion, to do what had to be done while keeping a stiff upper lip. The mood of fear and determination of Britain in its darkest hours is underscored by some of the greatest music of the War Years-the sounds of Bing Crosby, Glenn Miller, The Andrew Sisters, Gracie Fields, among many others. 5-part series, 58 minutes each, b&w.


#34467 Global Studies - Fighting the Tide: Developing Nations and Globalization (Run time min.) DVD $449.75

Many Westerners embrace globalization-but do they grasp how profoundly their consumption and spending habits affect people thousands of miles away? Filmed entirely on location in Malawi, Ecuador, Nicaragua, India, and Guatemala, this five-part series illuminates what globalization means for citizens of those nations. Emotional and informative interviews with farmers, school teachers, community activists, and others reveal the human side of situations too often assessed only in terms of business and profit. Portions are in other languages with English subtitles. 5-part series, 26 minutes each.


#8836 20th Century History - Politics, Religion, and National Identity (Run time min.) DVD $449.85

Political and religious activism are driving forces for social change-but when they conflict, the result can be ethnic warfare that tears nations apart and pits neighbor against neighbor. This series examines the rise of religious conflict and political identity in three developing nations-Indonesia, Bosnia, and Brazil-and its impact on each country's way of life. 3-part series.


#35663 20th Century History - Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism (Run time min.) DVD $449.85

It began with simple notions of peace and equality, but it produced a vastly different reality. This three-part series presents the story of socialism, a violent and sweeping saga dominating much of the 20th century. With eye-opening portrayals of the philosophical, political, and military leaders who brought socialism into the world-or eventually presided over its disintegration-each program analyzes a particular phase in the ideology's development and specific events linked to it. The result is a compelling narrative as well as an excellent foundation for studying how ideas shape human history. 3-part series, 57-58 minutes each.


#7628 Human Rights - Crimes Against Humanity: The Search for Justice (Run time min.) DVD $449.85

War crimes, genocide, mass murder, political repression, torture, unjust imprisonment. For years such atrocities have been perpetrated against people whose only crime may have been disagreement with the political powers in force, or membership in a targeted ethnic group. This three-part series examines these terroristic atrocities, and the laborious and elusive quest for justice, truth, and reconciliation by victims and their advocates. 3-part series, 50 minutes each.


#30545 Human Rights - Fortress Europe: The Immigration Situation (Run time min.) DVD $449.85

Over the past decade, thousands of refugees and asylum-seekers from all over the world have paid with their lives in their attempts to find safety in "Fortress Europe." Drawing on representative case studies, gripping archival footage, and interviews with policymakers, anti-policy activists, and others, this chilling three-part series scrutinizes Europe's stringent immigration regulations while exposing the severe measures used to enforce them. 3-part series, 60 minutes each.


#35165 World History & Politics - The Voyageur Experience in Global Geography (Run time min.) DVD $499.5

Offering complete immersion in global geography, history, and environmental studies, this student-hosted 10-part series spans the world. Each program features eye-opening interaction between student travelers and local inhabitants, and creates a case study on economic, political, and cultural issues unique to a particular nation. A viewable/printable instructor's guide-including geographical background information, extension activities, vocabulary handouts, and more-is available online. Correlates to National Geography Standards. 10-part series, 25 minutes each.


#29421 Global Studies - Beyond Babel: English, the Language Rising from the Masses (Run time min.) DVD $519.8

In an era when practically everything has gone global, English is steadily gaining verbal market share as the lingua franca of the world. This intriguing four-part series describes the phenomenal spread of English and its impact on business, culture, government, and technology. 4-part series, 49-54 minutes each.


#29435 Global Studies - The Global Generation: The Human Face Behind Globalization (Run time min.) DVD $539.7

For students trying to understand the baffling complexities of globalization, this timely six-part series provides a powerful springboard for discourse and debate. Each episode provides a focus on some of the issues and concerns that are rapidly bringing about a new world order. 6-part series, 26 minutes each.


#33072 Global Studies - Thirsty Planet (Run time min.) DVD $539.7

Funded in part by UNESCO, this six-part series provides a comprehensive, up-to-the-minute examination of the world's water crisis. Footage from around the globe is combined with commentary from corporate and public leaders, scientists, farmers, engineers, and experts including Klaus Topfer of the UN Environment Program, Peter H. Gleick of the Pacific Institute, and Vandana Shiva, author of Water Wars. 6-part series, 27 minutes each.


#34169 Population & Demography - Global Cities: Immigration and the World Economy (Run time min.) DVD $539.7

The globalization of the world's economy has brought about massive shifts in population-some welcomed, some meeting fear and resistance. This high-energy series tours five cities where such changes are evident, gathering perspectives from New York, Tokyo, London, Frankfurt, and Mexico City. It also studies America's increasingly divisive national debate over immigration. 6-part series, 26 minutes each.


#9179 World History & Politics - Great Battles of History (Run time min.) DVD $539.7

This dazzling six-part series spotlights crucial battles within the context of epic struggles for national, political, and religious domination. With examples drawn from both the Old World and the New World, this select group of programs provides a new take on battles that have shaped history, from 1066 to 1815. 6-part series, 30 minutes each.


#10084 20th Century History - Stories My Country Told Me: The Meaning of Nationhood (Run time min.) DVD $599.8

What is nationhood? Does it still have relevance in a world of multinational corporations and instantaneous global communications? And can the world accommodate the wishes of numerous peoples to have their own ethno-political nation-states, as in the Balkans and Central Asia? In this provocative series, four brilliant thinkers deconstruct the complex concept of nationhood in order to define and understand it. 4-part series, 53-55 minutes each.


#36439 20th Century History - Warlords of World War II: Opportunistic Alliances (Run time min.) DVD $599.8

During the Second World War, Roosevelt, Churchill, Hitler, and Stalin fought a series of high-stakes psychological duels among themselves in which they schemed and lied, charmed and flattered, in a no-holds-barred effort to achieve victory on their own individual terms. But as this startling four-part series reveals, those face-offs occurred not between enemies, but between allies-four men manipulating power and each other in the greatest war the world had ever seen. Composed of more than three hours of archival film footage and photos, readings from diaries and other primary sources, historical re-creations, and maps, this is an in-depth and essential examination of realpolitik in the European Theater. 4-part series, 50 minutes each.


#37118 20th Century History - The Spanish Civil War-in Spanish (Run time min.) DVD $599.8

Composed almost entirely of archival film clips and period photos, this four-part series is a vault of primary source material on the Spanish Civil War. In addition, scholarly commentary offers critical interpretations of key facets of the war as the series' narrative scrutinizes every major aspect of those bleak years of struggle, atrocity, and hardship. Numerous maps provide structure to the broad battlefield arena. A Films for the Humanities & Sciences Production. Spanish, 4-part series, 45-47 minutes each.


#34990 Global Studies - Global Economics (Run time min.) DVD $599.8

According to most experts, globalization is increasing with unstoppable momentum. But the resulting debate is heating up just as quickly-and anyone who participates needs a thorough grounding in the issues. This four-part series provides a foundation for studying the political economy of international trade, finance, development, and natural resource competition. Using concise case studies, straightforward explanations of complex financial concepts, and interviews with renowned experts-including Dr. Jeffrey Sachs of Columbia University, Bank of Israel Governor Dr. Stanley Fischer, and former World Bank president James Wolfensohn-this series gives viewers the wide-ranging subject coverage necessary for sustained class dialogue and discussion. A Films for the Humanities & Sciences Production. 4-part series, 33-39 minutes each.


#29044 Human Rights - The Genocide Factor (Run time min.) DVD $599.8

While the term "genocide" is a product of the 20th century, the phenomenon is not; massacres and brutality riddle humankind's past. Introduced by Academy Award-winning actor John Voight, this series presents the definitive, most comprehensive overview of the history of genocide. With the aid of an impressive array of scholars, experts, eyewitnesses, and survivors from around the world, the programs examine the complex dimensions of human nature's darkest side. Viewer discretion is advised. 4-part series, 57 minutes each.


#31760 Terrorism - The Age of Terror: A Survey of Modern Terrorism (Run time min.) DVD $599.8

Who are the men and women who bring bloody death to innocent civilians? Why do they do it? What are their methods? And how do they justify it? This emotionally charged four-part series provides unprecedented interviews with dozens of bombers, gunmen, hijackers, kidnappers, and radical leaders as it scrutinizes key terror campaigns that changed the course of modern history, right up to the destruction of the World Trade Center. These powerful interviews, intercut with grim newsreel film and video footage and peppered with photos from police and news archives, make this series an unforgettable viewing experience. 4-part series, 47 minutes each.


#10537 Global Studies - Children without Childhood (Run time min.) DVD $649.75

Poverty, civil war, the demand for cheap labor, and even the pressure to succeed in business: all of these forces are contributing to a world in which many children are forced to live, work, and suffer like adults. This powerful five-part series narrated by Roger Moore travels to Mexico, India, Uganda, the Philippines, and Japan to examine the lives of children who are being deprived of their childhood, and to search for possible solutions. 5-part series, 45 minutes each.


#35510 Global Studies - Unseen Enemies: A Close-up Look at the World's Deadliest Diseases (Run time min.) DVD $649.75

Science is developing sophisticated weapons in the battle against life-threatening diseases-yet people in economically struggling countries continue to die from infections that are treatable or curable. This five-part series confronts the dilemma, putting the issue of "geography as destiny" into a medical context. Each program focuses on a specific contagion that might seem harmless in wealthy countries but wreaks havoc in the developing world. Closely examining the latest efforts to eradicate these illnesses, Unseen Enemies transports viewers to the forefront of biomedical research. Original BBCW broadcast title: Kill or Cure: A Close-up Look at the World's Deadliest Diseases. 5-part series, 25 minutes each.


#10517 20th Century History - Red Chapters: Turning Points in the History of Communism (Run time min.) DVD $779.7

History often turns upon small but crucial events, which seem obscure at the time but come to be appreciated later on as having the quality of fate. This outstanding six-part series examines several of these pivotal moments within the context of 20th-century Communism, exposing the machinations of those behind the scenes and underscoring the importance of their actions. An Opus Television Production for S4C. 6-part series, 25 minutes each.


#32899 World History & Politics - Nationalism: Blood and Belonging (Run time min.) DVD $779.7

The Rise of Ethnic MovementsThe key narrative of the new world order is the disintegration of nation states into ethnic civil war; the key figures of that order are a new generation of warlords; the key language is that of ethnic nationalism. This series examines the true nature of nationalism, its sentimentality and persuasiveness, its roots and rootedness. It shows the warlord as his people's protector, who kills the enemy to protect his own innocents. For those who choose to learn from history instead of repeating it, these programs should be required viewing.6-part series, 50 minutes each.


#33440 World History & Politics - Words of Change (Run time min.) DVD $779.7

This penetrating series examines the literary legacies of Seneca, Plutarch, Machiavelli, Thomas More, John Locke, and Adam Smith: six of western history's most influential writers in the fields of philosophy, political science, and economics. Their words changed their worlds-and continue to shape ours. 6-part series, 19-25 minutes each.


#6625 Global Studies - Our Developing World: Regional Political Geography (Run time min.) DVD $899.5

This exciting series extends the study of global civics to less-traveled developing nations. Specific regions include Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Pacific. Each program is divided into two or three segments--some focus on different countries, some on a single country. Individual program segments discuss important global issues such as human rights, minority rights, health, economic and environmental challenges and advances, and more. 10-part series.


#10291 20th Century History - Paths to Power: An Educator's Guide to The Century (Run time min.) DVD $1079.4

Hosted by Antonio Mora, formerly of Good Morning America, and narrated by ABC News anchor Peter Jennings, Paths to Power-a custom-made educators' version of the ABC News' landmark retrospective The Century-encapsulates the broad issues and events that are essential to a deep understanding of the 20th century. This 12-part series has been designed with teacher input to closely correlate with the textbooks commonly used in the American history curriculum today. 12-part series, 29-63 minutes each.


#35859 World History & Politics - The Social Sciences Collection (Run time min.) DVD $1159.6

As timeless as it is topical, this collection of 8 programs offers fresh perspectives on culture, history, and global issues. Programs include: ? Spain's Multicultural Past (Roman and Islamic Spain; The Spanish Reconquista) ? China: Through Mao's Eyes (1893-1945; 1945-1959; 1958-1969; 1970 and Beyond) ? In the Balance: A Two-Part Series on Terrorism (Terrorism; City Under Siege) 8-part series.




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