Human Development

Human Development - Click to enlarge
Human Development - Click to enlarge
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 #24630 Adolescence
 #25001 One to Three
 #25002 Birth to One Year
 #25003 Five to Eight
 #25004 Prenatal to Birth
 #25005 Three to Five
 #24962 Careers in Child Development(+$10)
 #25838 Math and Science for Preschoolers(+$10)
 #11005 Emotional Development of Children(+$20)
 #11011 Intellectual Development: The First Five Years(+$20)
 #11012 Physical Development: The First Five Years(+$20)
 #11107 Communicating with Preschool Children(+$20)
 #11160 The Gifted Child(+$20)
 #24713 Art and Music for Preschoolers(+$20)
 #25013 Child Care Safety(+$20)
 #25016 Childhood Illnesses(+$20)
 #25204 Disciplining Children(+$20)
 #25312 Emerging Communication Skills(+$20)
 #25998 Observing Children(+$20)
 #26078 Planning Activities for Children(+$20)
 #26343 Social Development in Children(+$20)
 #26355 Space for Growth and Development(+$20)
 #26598 Importance of Play(+$20)
 #34934 Toilet Training(+$20)
 #34937 Kids and Language(+$20)
 #10650 Young Minds: Is Zero-to-Three Destiny?(+$30)
 #11301 Do Parents Matter? Judith Harris on the Power of Peers(+$30)
 #11002 Birth Order and Its Effects(+$33)
 #11531 Monsters in the Closet: Childhood Fears(+$33)
 #11844 Prenatal Development(+$40)
 #11845 The Child from 4 to 6(+$40)
 #11846 The Child from 7 to 12(+$40)
 #24759 Baby's First Year(+$40)
 #25466 Friendship...Put It to the Test(+$40)
 #26571 The Child from 1 to 3(+$40)
 #1381 Childhood Depression(+$50)
 #1412 The First Years: What to Expect(+$50)
 #1513 Prodigies: Great Expectations(+$50)
 #1626 The Discovery Year(+$50)
 #4197 The Newborn(+$50)
 #4198 The Baby at One Month(+$50)
 #4199 The Baby at Two Months(+$50)
 #4200 The Baby at Three Months(+$50)
 #4201 The Baby at Four Months(+$50)
 #4202 The Baby at Five Months(+$50)
 #4203 The Baby at Six Months(+$50)
 #4204 The Baby at Seven Months(+$50)
 #4205 The Baby at Eight Months(+$50)
 #4206 The Baby at Nine Months(+$50)
 #4207 The Baby at Ten Months(+$50)
 #4208 The Baby at Eleven Months(+$50)
 #4209 The Baby Is a Year Old!(+$50)
 #4211 The Child at Fifteen Months(+$50)
 #4212 The Child at Eighteen Months(+$50)
 #4213 The Child at Twenty-One Months(+$50)
 #4214 The Child at Twenty-Four Months(+$50)
 #4216 Developmental Phases Before and After Birth(+$50)
 #4217 Psychological Development Before Birth(+$50)
 #4218 The Process of Birth(+$50)
 #4219 How Relationships Are Formed(+$50)
 #4220 Mothers, Fathers, and Babies(+$50)
 #4221 Developing the Sense of Family(+$50)
 #4222 Discovering the Outside World(+$50)
 #4223 The Development of Self(+$50)
 #4406 Babywatching(+$50)
 #5932 Society's Problems in Children's Lives(+$50)
 #9238 Feel Good about Failure: The Dark Side of Self-Esteem Classes(+$50)
 #9255 Teens: What Makes Them Tick?(+$50)
 #9345 Pediatric Brain Development: The Importance of a Head Start(+$50)
 #9382 Kids' Sports(+$50)
 #9383 American Adolescence(+$50)
 #11231 Early Childhood Cognitive Development: Weighing the Evidence(+$50)
 #31042 Dr. Stanley Greenspan: Talking to Children about a Dangerous World(+$50)
 #1132 Love & Sex(+$50)
 #1133 War & Violence(+$50)
 #1134 Nature & Nurture(+$50)
 #1135 Woman & Man(+$50)
 #4383 The Will to Win(+$50)
 #4870 Beauty and the Beasts(+$50)
 #5508 Pleasure(+$50)
 #5540 Smell(+$50)
 #5685 The Nature of Human Nature(+$50)
 #5686 The Social Brain(+$50)
 #5687 Consciousness(+$50)
 #5688 The Way of Science(+$50)
 #6155 Family(+$50)
 #6156 Ceremony(+$50)
 #6157 Calls of the Wild(+$50)
 #6743 Your Mythic Journey: Sam Keen(+$50)
 #10966 Resiliency: Beating the Odds(+$50)
 #33318 21st-Century Sons and Mothers(+$50)
 #5514 Language(+$50)
 #11354 Doing What Comes Naturally: Childhood Language Acquisition(+$50)
 #11355 Broken English: The Effects of Brain Damage on Language(+$50)
 #11356 Lending a Hand: Sign Languages and the Deaf(+$50)
 #11357 In a Manner of Speaking: The Phenomenon of Conversation(+$50)
 #33307 Birth(+$60)
 #33308 Feeding(+$60)
 #33309 Perception(+$60)
 #33310 Bathing(+$60)
 #33311 Playing(+$60)
 #33312 Talking(+$60)
 #6015 Language Development(+$70)
 #8594 Unlocking Language(+$70)
 #11010 Child Development(+$79.95)
 #8785 Brothers and Sisters: Sibling Relationships(+$90)
 #9184 Pediatric Neuroscience: Rage of Innocents(+$90)
 #31024 Mind Games(+$90)
 #31025 The Independent Thinker(+$90)
 #31026 Facts of Life(+$90)
 #31078 Early Socialization: From Age Two to Age Five(+$90)
 #6983 Emotional Intelligence: The Key to Social Skills(+$90)
 #32232 Depression: Not a Normal Part of Aging(+$90)
 #36009 Portraits in Human Sexuality: Human Development(+$90)
 #36010 Portraits in Human Sexuality: Meeting, Dating, and Maintaining Relationships(+$90)
 #36015 Portraits in Human Sexuality: The Business of Sex(+$90)
 #1155 When I Was Your Age(+$110)
 #7240 Innocence: What Is a Child?(+$110)
 #7241 Damage: The Effects of a Troubled Childhood(+$110)
 #7242 Perfection: The Pressure on Parents and Children(+$110)
 #10003 Early Socialization: From Birth to Age Two(+$110)
 #33313 Constructing the Self(+$110)
 #33314 The Learning Process(+$110)
 #33315 Helping Them Flourish(+$110)
 #36540 Thanks for the Memories: How Children Remember(+$110)
 #36541 Power Struggles: Parents vs. Children(+$110)
 #36542 Zero to Hero: Shyness and Sociability in Children(+$110)
 #39210 Flesh and Blood: Sibling Rivalry(+$110)
 #39225 Will to Win: Helping Children Succeed(+$110)
 #32790 Fragments of Genius: Understanding Savants(+$110)
 #35357 Coming of Age: Ethnographic Profiles from a Global Perspective(+$110)
 #36938 Boy to Girl to Man: Disproving the Theory of Gender Neutrality(+$110)
 #36979 The Anatomy of Laughter(+$110)
 #36981 The Anatomy of Crying(+$110)
 #36982 The Anatomy of Pleasure(+$110)
 #36543 Read My Lips: Learning Language(+$110)
 #37540 Mother Tongues: Languages Around the World(+$110)
 #37542 Birth and Death: The Life Cycle of Language(+$110)
 #9381 Child's Play: Growing Up in America(+$139.95)
 #25011 Child Development Video Series(+$199.75)
 #4210 The Second Year in the Life of a Child(+$319.85)
 #5684 The Human Quest(+$319.85)
 #6154 Human Nature(+$319.85)
 #11353 Born Talking: A Personal Inquiry into Language(+$319.85)
 #31023 A Child's World(+$349.9)
 #11843 Beginning the Journey...(+$359.8)
 #7239 Myths of Childhood: New Perspectives on Nature and Nurture(+$409.9)
 #33339 Aspects of Child Development: Ages 4 to 11(+$409.9)
 #25014 The Developing Child(+$559.55)
 #33306 Aspects of Child Development: Fetus to Age 3(+$559.75)
 #4215 The Psychological Development of the Child(+$679.65)
 #4196 The First 365 Days in the Life of a Child(+$1129.4)
 #39313 Child of Our Time: A Year-by-Year Study of Childhood Development(+$1609.5)

Product Description:
#24630 Child & Teen Development - Adolescence (Run time 12 min.) DVD $39.95

Includes a discussion of physical and emotional changes adolescents go through and how they cope with family and peers, as well as the major life decisions they must make as they face the uncertain future ahead of them. A Meridian Production. (12 min.)


#25001 Child & Teen Development - One to Three (Run time 17 min.) DVD $39.95

Includes new skills and capabilities of the toddler. Emphasizes the importance of creating a strong foundation for future learning and development. A Meridian Production. (17 min.)


#25002 Child & Teen Development - Birth to One Year (Run time 14 min.) DVD $39.95

Five developmental stages of an infant's first year. A Meridian Production. (14 min.)


#25003 Child & Teen Development - Five to Eight (Run time 15 min.) DVD $39.95

The changes that occur during this pivotal time when intellectual development is closely accompanied by increasingly independent social activity and expectations. A Meridian Production. (15 min.)


#25004 Child & Teen Development - Prenatal to Birth (Run time 13 min.) DVD $39.95

An overview of all stages of embryonic and fetal development, from fertilization to birth. Prenatal testing is also explored. A Meridian Production. (13 min. video)


#25005 Child & Teen Development - Three to Five (Run time 16 min.) DVD $39.95

Investigates the development of individuality and gross motor skills along with the first stages of socialization and self-awareness. A Meridian Production. (16 min.)


#24962 Child & Teen Development - Careers in Child Development (Run time 10 min.) DVD $49.95

This video examines the different careers available in the field of child care. Interviews with child care workers and specialists explore the positive and negative aspects of working in the field. The program also outlines what different jobs in child care involve, including job duties and the skills and training required for a successful career in this rewarding field. (11 min.) A Meridian Production.


#25838 Child & Teen Development - Math and Science for Preschoolers (Run time 14 min.) DVD $49.95

Child-care facilities can help move children ahead of the game by using math and science activities to encourage development in these areas before they attend school. The simple exercises may be taught on a one-on-one basis, or to a group. This program is a must for any contemporary child-care facility that encourages learning. (13 min.) A Meridian Production.


#11005 Child & Teen Development - Emotional Development of Children (Run time 17 min.) DVD $59.95

Parents and caregivers not only need to nurture the physical and intellectual development of young children, but their emotional development as well. Each stage of emotional development provides children with opportunities to explore new feelings as they grow. This program focuses on the importance of emotional education during the various stages of childhood development and explains how caregivers and parents can monitor this vital growth. A Meridian Production. (18 minutes)


#11011 Child & Teen Development - Intellectual Development: The First Five Years (Run time 21 min.) DVD $59.95

Even a single day can bring changes in what a new baby can do. This informative program offers parents and caregivers ways in which to monitor a child's intellectual growth within a wide range of normal activity. A child development specialist, a pediatrician, and a parent explain what is going on in a baby's young brain and what can be expected to happen over the first five years of life. A Meridian Production. (21 minutes)


#11012 Child & Teen Development - Physical Development: The First Five Years (Run time 19 min.) DVD $59.95

In the course of the first five birthdays, a child moves from being physically helpless to virtual mastery of the large and small motor skills. This program spotlights children at each stage of physical development between birth and five years of age. A pediatrician and a child development specialist describe what occurs during those formative years. A Meridian Production. (19 minutes)


#11107 Child & Teen Development - Communicating with Preschool Children (Run time 19 min.) DVD $59.95

Good communication skills are often forgotten when the person one is talking with is too young to respond equally, frequently resulting in frustration on both sides of the conversation. This program presents specific techniques to improve communication skills with preschool children. Parents share what works for them and what does not, while experts in early childhood development offer insights into the understanding levels of young children and make suggestions on helping them find the words they need to better express themselves. A Meridian Production. (20 minutes)


#11160 Child & Teen Development - The Gifted Child (Run time 24 min.) DVD $59.95

When a child displays advanced skills in one or more areas of development, a special challenge is set before teachers, parents, and childcare providers alike. This program seeks to foster an understanding of gifted children by identifying their characteristics, addressing their educational needs, and recommending ways to enhance their development. A Meridian Production. (24 minutes)


#24713 Child & Teen Development - Art and Music for Preschoolers (Run time 20 min.) DVD $59.95

Begin early to develop children's interest and abilities in art and music by doing fun and educational activities with them. Watch and learn how fine motor skills can be strengthened as children paint, draw, mold clay, and play instruments. Social skills are practiced as boys and girls share markers and paints, dance and sing side by side...emotions have an outlet as children bang, clap, mold, or scribble...intellectual development is boosted as young children learn concepts of shape, size, loud/soft, high/low, manipulating tools and instruments. Stimulate preschoolers' creativity by offering an outlet in art and music for a lifetime of enjoyment and enrichment. (20 min.) A Meridian Production.


#25013 Child & Teen Development - Child Care Safety (Run time 17 min.) DVD $59.95

With over twenty-six million children per year suffering injuries from accidents, child care safety must become a major concern. This video discusses safety procedures and regulations within the child care facility, taking into account the ages of the children, the types of hazards, and the means of intervention. Also stressed is the need for cooperation between the parent/caregiver and the child care facility. (17 min.) A Meridian Production.


#25016 Child & Teen Development - Childhood Illnesses (Run time 9 min.) DVD $59.95

This program explores how good hygienic practices, frequent cleaning, and providing ample space contribute to healthy children. Keeping accurate health and immunization records is also stressed as well as recognizing the most common symptoms. A Meridian Production. (9 min.)


#25204 Child & Teen Development - Disciplining Children (Run time 9 min.) DVD $59.95

Contrasts the difference between "discipline" and "punishment" while demonstrating the benefits of teaching self-control. The need to develop a strong sense of security in children and set good examples is emphasized. A detailed study guide is included which can be used for practicing disciplinary skills. (9 min.) A Meridian Production.


#25312 Child & Teen Development - Emerging Communication Skills (Run time 22 min.) DVD $59.95

This program explores the development of language during the first six years of life. While language development begins at birth with the sound of the human voice, caregivers need to provide the building blocks so that children can learn language skills during these first six years. (22 min.) A Meridian Production.


#25998 Child & Teen Development - Observing Children (Run time 11 min.) DVD $59.95

Examines the importance of observing children to make sure they are developing properly both physically and emotionally. Children also reveal information about their developmental level and readiness to learn as they react with their environment. Record keeping and charting observations are explored. (11 min.) A Meridian Production.


#26078 Child & Teen Development - Planning Activities for Children (Run time 10 min.) DVD $59.95

This informative program leads the viewer on a tour of a daycare center with helpful and informed caregivers who suggest, initiate, and direct activities offering new learning experiences for the children in their care. These activities are shown to build children's self-esteem and encourage social cognitive growth and development. Detailed study guide with suggestions for activities is included. (10 min.) A Meridian Production.


#26343 Child & Teen Development - Social Development in Children (Run time 16 min.) DVD $59.95

Humans are social beings and while we sometimes prefer to be alone, most times we are required to interact and get along with one another. This video charts the development of social skills in children during the first few weeks of life, through the beginning of school. It explains the different stages of social development, as well as how to give encouragement for positive social growth. (16 min.) A Meridian Production.


#26355 Child & Teen Development - Space for Growth and Development (Run time 20 min.) DVD $59.95

Children have unique needs and desires. This video shows how child-care facilities can effectively provide a stimulating learning environment if available space is used to its full potential. The program discusses the value of providing an environment that is both attractive and practical. (19 min.) A Meridian Production.


#26598 Child & Teen Development - Importance of Play (Run time 9 min.) DVD $59.95

Play helps children develop imagination, overcome fears, experiment, and learn to cope with new situations. It also helps children stretch their minds and bodies as well as practice skills needed for future development. (10 min.) A Meridian Production.


#34934 Child & Teen Development - Toilet Training (Run time 22 min.) DVD $59.95

In 1957, 92 percent of American children were toilet trained by 18 months. Today, only 60 percent of kids are trained by age three. This video explores ways to help children adjust to life after diapers. (22 minutes)


#34937 Language Development - Kids and Language (Run time 22 min.) DVD $59.95

Neuro-imaging has greatly improved our understanding of speech development. This video shows how the early detection and treatment of speech problems could potentially help a generation of children. (22 minutes)


#10650 Child & Teen Development - Young Minds: Is Zero-to-Three Destiny? (Run time 11 min.) DVD $69.95

True or false: Mozart's music can have a lasting impact on the growth of a baby's brain. In this program, NewsHour correspondent Betty Ann Bowser explores that question by talking with members from both camps in the heated debate over the developmental significance of the first three years of life. Skeptics include John Bruer, author of The Myth of the First Three Years, and Harvard child psychologist Jerome Kagan, while Yale child psychiatrist Kyle Pruett, holding his ground, argues in defense of the crucial nature of a child's early years. And neurologist Harry Chugani? He demurs, with a qualified "Maybe." (11 minutes)


#11301 Child & Teen Development - Do Parents Matter? Judith Harris on the Power of Peers (Run time 12 min.) DVD $69.95

From the high chair to high school, parents have little impact on their children's development-or so says Judith Harris, author of The Nurture Assumption. In this program, Ms. Harris talks with ABC News correspondent Sylvia Chase about her controversial theory of child development through adaptation to peer groups. Steven Pinker, director of the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at MIT, supports her hypothesis, while Harvard child psychologist Jerome Kagan strongly disagrees, citing her total lack of scientific credentials. (12 minutes)


#11002 Child & Teen Development - Birth Order and Its Effects (Run time 18 min.) DVD $72.95

Heredity, environment, intelligence, and family birth order all help shape the personality throughout the formative years and into adulthood. Each position in a family can influence how a child interacts with other family members and friends. This program examines the only child, the firstborn, the middle child, and the youngest child, giving insight into behaviors and attitudes that seem to be shaped by birth order. A Meridian Production. (18 minutes)


#11531 Child & Teen Development - Monsters in the Closet: Childhood Fears (Run time 16 min.) DVD $72.95

A fear of the dark. A fear of thunderstorms. A fear of monsters in the closet. Even a fear of being sucked down the bathroom drain. Although they are frightening, childhood fears are generally a benign part of growing up. In this program, parents and experts share their insights about the fears that affect children at different ages. The use of such fears to chart a child's cognitive development and ways to help children cope with their fears are also discussed. A Meridian Production. (17 minutes)


#11844 Child & Teen Development - Prenatal Development (Run time 21 min.) DVD $79.95

Research shows that our development in the womb can have a profound influence on our later lives. This video examines the nine months beginning with conception and ending with the birth of a healthy baby-the period of time called prenatal development. In addition this video contains information on the major physical milestones during pregnancy, emphasizing the importance of the expectant mother's health, nutrition, and care and describing the proper development of the baby. It also shares what mothers-to-be can look forward to during these crucial months. Proper prenatal care provides a healthy start and is essential to the entire process of human development. A Meridian Production. (21 minutes)


#11845 Child & Teen Development - The Child from 4 to 6 (Run time 22 min.) DVD $79.95

Experts agree that the ways in which we develop in childhood have a strong effect on our later lives. This video depicts child development from the ages of 4 to 6, the years in which a child practices and fine-tunes motor skills and coordination, tests physical abilities, and experiences the onset of demanding physical, emotional, and social changes and challenges. Included is the first year of school, in which children must adjust to a new environment that should encourage, inspire, and direct their intellectual development. The influence of parents and caregivers is all-important during these early years in order for a child to successfully reach his or her developmental milestones. A Meridian Production. (22 minutes)


#11846 Child & Teen Development - The Child from 7 to 12 (Run time 19 min.) DVD $79.95

Although children 7 to 12 still need their physical safety and health protected, they also require strong role models, boundaries, and positive feedback to develop fully. This video will take the viewer through two stages: (1) middle childhood, when children build on what they learned in early childhood, and (2) early adolescence, when children begin to undergo the changes associated with puberty. During these years, children typically pull away from the family unit and pay more attention to peers. While the influence of adults may seem less important than during earlier periods, it is still vital that parents and caregivers learn to monitor and better understand each of the stages a child undergoes at this time. A Meridian Production. (20 minutes)


#24759 Child & Teen Development - Baby's First Year (Run time 21 min.) DVD $79.95

This video provides a roadmap for parents and caregivers to help them understand a baby's first 12 months of life. Included in this presentation is the identification of key developmental issues, with specific regard to the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual growth an infant undergoes during his or her first year. Interviews with experts in the field of child development help to further educate the viewer on how to successfully navigate through this critical time in a child's life. A Meridian Production. (21 minutes)


#25466 Child & Teen Development - Friendship...Put It to the Test (Run time 13 min.) DVD $79.95

Sleepovers, camping trips, phone calls, and hanging out-all part of friends being friends. It's hard to imagine growing up without friends, but how do we manage to find those individuals? Why can some kids hook up in kindergarten and stay together all through school while others go through friends like used Kleenex? Viewers learn the basics of choosing friends as they follow new student Sara in her search for friends. Using vignettes and actual student interviews, we discover the elements of a healthy friendship as well as those negative qualities that can spell trouble. Choosing good friends who share your values and beliefs may be one of life's most important, yet least understood truths. (13 min.) A Meridian Production.


#26571 Child & Teen Development - The Child from 1 to 3 (Run time 20 min.) DVD $79.95

The transition from infant to toddler is a dramatic one. As physical, emotional, and social skills develop at this important time, parents and caregivers alike need to be aware of the important role that they play during the growth process. This video offers an easy-to-follow guided tour through a developing child's early years of life. Advice from experts in the childcare field provides additional insight into this formative period of human development. A Meridian Production. (20 minutes)


#1381 Child & Teen Development - Childhood Depression (Run time 19 min.) DVD $89.95

This program profiles a three-year-old boy and his parents, who all have depressive disorders. The mother discusses how depression has affected her all her life and how she fears that her son may face the same problems. Mother and son visit Dr. Donald McKew, author of Why Isn't Johnny Crying: Coping with Depression, who explains how genetic disorders and chemical imbalance can lead to mood disorders. The program emphasizes the importance of encouraging young people to express their feelings. (19 minutes)


#1412 Child & Teen Development - The First Years: What to Expect (Run time 19 min.) DVD $89.95

This program examines the critical parent/child relationship in the first five years, when children form lifelong patterns of values, behavior, and personality. It shows the effects in adolescence of traits learned in early childhood, how faulty parent-child bonding affects children as they mature, and how parent enrichment classes help parents; shows the relationship between emotional and cognitive development; and shows the techniques some parents use to produce "superbabies." (19 minutes)


#1513 Child & Teen Development - Prodigies: Great Expectations (Run time 52 min.) DVD $89.95

This documentary explores the problems and privileges of brilliant children. These young people are gifted with intellectually mature minds, yet they are still physically and often emotionally immature. This program examines the social consequences of being exceptionally intelligent. (52 minutes)


#1626 Child & Teen Development - The Discovery Year (Run time 52 min.) DVD $89.95

Christopher Reeve hosts this wonderful look into the first year of a human life-the discovery year, when every sight, sound, and sensation is new and when the baby gradually learns to make sense of these varied experiences. The camera watches closely as babies learn to focus their senses, roll over, grasp objects, crawl, explore, and finally declare their independence by standing up and walking unaided. Personality, too, develops by leaps and bounds during the first year. The program watches how three sets of parents respond to the different personalities of their infant daughters, how they learn to adapt to and communicate with the individuals who are their children. (52 minutes)


#4197 Child & Teen Development - The Newborn (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

This program shows the reactions of the newborn ten days after birth. The most important functions, such as sitting, standing, walking, grasping, and social contact, can already be recognized in their incipient form. At this point, however, these capabilities are solely the result of innate reflexes. They disappear during the course of the first few months, as the brain is gradually able to take over the control of these movements. The first tests give the examining physician indications of possible damage to and developmental disorders of the newborn. (23 minutes)


#4198 Child & Teen Development - The Baby at One Month (Run time 20 min.) DVD $89.95

At the end of the first month, the same functions are tested as were tested shortly after the birth. The baby now diligently practices lifting its head, which strengthens the neck, back, and arm muscles. The hand is still usually made into a fist and, after this first month, reflex leg movements can also be observed. The baby is already able to follow a ring with its eyes if the ring is held in the direction where it is looking. As for the infant's social behavior, (i.e., its reaction to other people), at four weeks it looks at its mother's face while being nursed and when she bends over him. (20 minutes)


#4199 Child & Teen Development - The Baby at Two Months (Run time 18 min.) DVD $89.95

After the child's second month, we are able to observe marked advances in such functions as sitting, grasping, walking, and in social behavior. The healthy baby can already lift its head two inches above the ground and hold it upright for seconds, but the back is still rounded. Reflexive walking slowly disappears, the hands are now open more often, and the grasping reflex slowly lessens. As for perception, where the one-month-old could only fix its gaze on an object, the baby at two months can also follow it from the side. The program also observes the socialization of the child, its increasing independence, and its adjustment to its social surroundings. (18 minutes)


#4200 Child & Teen Development - The Baby at Three Months (Run time 22 min.) DVD $89.95

The baby is now three months old and can already lift its head for a full minute. This program shows the developments that have taken place in the last month in sitting, running, and grasping. The child now holds its hands open for the most part and plays with them; it can also prop itself up from the ground with legs bent at the knee and the hip. When the mother holds the baby tightly, it can already sit for half a minute. A healthy child can follow the movement of an object which is being moved in a circle. The child is adjusting to its surroundings more and more, and the smile has become a common expression. (22 minutes)


#4201 Child & Teen Development - The Baby at Four Months (Run time 24 min.) DVD $89.95

The baby now uses those muscles which develop most strongly at this age, particularly the back and leg muscles. The typical "swimming movement" when the baby is on its stomach can be observed. When the child pulls itself up to a sitting position, it lifts its head at the same time; it is very concentrated when making these movements. The child's hands are now ever-present playthings. The child can now reach the middle of its body with its hands. The movement of hand to mouth is frequent and objects are also brought to the mouth. The child not only smiles but laughs aloud and happily; the whole body is involved-the baby smiles and laughs with its hands and face and shouts for joy. Incidentally, laughter is most common in the first year of life; toddlers laugh less frequently than infants, and by the time they reach school age, children have become far more serious. (24 minutes)


#4202 Child & Teen Development - The Baby at Five Months (Run time 24 min.) DVD $89.95

The five-month-old baby is again in a developmental phase, movement being the primary feature. This can best be seen when it slowly pulls itself up to a sitting position. The ability to support itself with its legs increases daily. When the child is held under the armpits, it is already able to support its body weight for a few seconds; it usually does so standing on tiptoe. Easy hip movement is also typical of this age. During the fourth to sixth months, the skin does not play the major part in perception. The infant can now be fascinated for a few minutes by visual and auditory stimuli. It can differentiate between harsh and loving tones; its facial expression registers amazement, perplexity, even fear when spoken to harshly. This is the first evidence for parents that their child is registering the different ways in which they behave. (24 minutes)


#4203 Child & Teen Development - The Baby at Six Months (Run time 25 min.) DVD $89.95

At the end of the first half year, the infant supports itself as long as it wants on its outstretched arms; the balling of the fists is a thing of the past. Most babies enjoy being pulled up to a sitting position in the sixth month. Now the development of hand movements can be observed: the child grabs a toy with the whole palm and passes the object from one hand to the other. This movement shows a high degree of coordination. The six-month-old has a very sensitive ear and listens very attentively; it can determine the exact direction and position of the source of a sound. The social smile becomes conditional-the baby smiles immediately when it sees a person in whom it has confidence but is cautious when it sees strange faces. (25 minutes)


#4204 Child & Teen Development - The Baby at Seven Months (Run time 21 min.) DVD $89.95

The seven-month-old infant has achieved an important form of movement: turning over from back to stomach, a prerequisite for crawling as well as sitting. When lying on its back, the child enjoys grabbing its feet and playing with them; in other words, the baby is able to bend its hips and is usually able to reach out simultaneously with both hands, aim exactly, and take hold of an object with each hand. It can hold both objects for a few seconds before one or both fall from its hands, as happened a few weeks earlier. The baby has discovered a new kind of movement which it evidently enjoys: when held under the armpits, it jumps-that is, it crouches and then pushes itself up again. It continues to make sounds which, however, lack any particular meaning. (21 minutes)


#4205 Child & Teen Development - The Baby at Eight Months (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

The eighth month is a time of transition; skills already learned are being improved and preparation is made for the acquisition of new skills. The child's attention span is increasing and its interests are noticeably broader. It can sit up unaided for a few seconds when helped to a sitting position. The back is not completely straight when it does this, but it manages to balance itself. The child now develops considerable shyness towards strangers, for it has learned to differentiate between familiar and unfamiliar people. During the previous month, the baby had already learned to vary the intensity of the sounds it made; in the eighth month, the child is able to "whisper." (23 minutes)


#4206 Child & Teen Development - The Baby at Nine Months (Run time 28 min.) DVD $89.95

At ninth months, the baby discovers it can move on its stomach with the help of its arms and legs; this is soon superseded by crawling. The child also rocks from side to side on all fours, thus testing its balance reactions. The child can now stand on the soles of its feet without any trouble, provided its hands are held. Where objects used to fall accidentally from the baby's hand, it now has enough control to drop them on purpose. The child's horizons broaden constantly and it becomes increasingly apparent how the child comprehends spatial relations: up and down, in and out, near and far. From the ninth month on, the infant begins to build reduplicated syllables; the most frequent ones are "ma-ma" and "da-da." (28 minutes)


#4207 Child & Teen Development - The Baby at Ten Months (Run time 20 min.) DVD $89.95

A ten-month-old child is usually able to sit up unsupported with legs slightly spread, trunk erect, and back straight; it can also stand up by pulling itself up on furniture. Grasping is characterized by the so-called "tweezer grasp": with outstretched thumb and index finger, the child grasps small articles and holds them as if with tweezers; this is the beginning of the finger coordination, a prerequisite for all coordination of precise movement. The child's attentiveness is directed more and more to details (like the holes of an electric socket!) which are examined with the index finger-proof of the baby's extended concentration span. The baby shows increasing interest in people and tries to imitate gestures made, frequently responding to the mother by copying her intonation of voice and repeating single syllables. (20 minutes)


#4208 Child & Teen Development - The Baby at Eleven Months (Run time 24 min.) DVD $89.95

The baby now crawls on all fours and shows increasing confidence while standing in place; if held by the hands, it even tries to walk, which it does hesitantly, with the legs wide apart. The baby is now able to remember things for a short period of time. It has discovered that it can pull a toy with an attached string, proof that he or she is able to understand and use certain concepts. Progress is most apparent in the utterance of sounds and the understanding of speech. The child demonstrates a definite reaction to something forbidden and to the little word "No"; typically at this age, the child repeatedly forgets what has been forbidden and has to be reminded again and again. (24 minutes)


#4209 Child & Teen Development - The Baby Is a Year Old! (Run time 19 min.) DVD $89.95

The baby's world has expanded to include the whole apartment or house. He or she crawls for playing, as well as for locomotion, and is making the first attempts at walking while holding the hand of an adult. At the first birthday, about 60% of children can take a few steps unassisted; the rest learn within the next three months. At twelve months, there are numerous opportunities for communication between parents and child, but only if there is close and frequent contact; love for the child and being close are the basic prerequisites for healthy social, emotional, and mental development. (19 minutes)


#4211 Child & Teen Development - The Child at Fifteen Months (Run time 24 min.) DVD $89.95

In the second year of their lives, the four children-two of the babies have been test subjects from the very start-are now tested only every three months. The first program shows the children at the age of fifteen months. At this age, even a slow starter should be able to walk. As the program demonstrates, the children can already express themselves quite well, babbling avidly. (24 minutes)


#4212 Child & Teen Development - The Child at Eighteen Months (Run time 20 min.) DVD $89.95

A child at age one-and-a-half not only climbs up on benches and chairs by itself, but it can also walk backward and speak at least six comprehensible words. In addition, the child obeys commands and reacts to pictures in a picture-book. He or she can now also eat by himself or herself and should be permitted to do so, despite the inevitable mess. A child of this age should be able to build a tower consisting of several toy blocks. (20 minutes)


#4213 Child & Teen Development - The Child at Twenty-One Months (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

The third program in this series demonstrates the gradually increasing independence of the child as it reaches a year-and-three-quarters. The child can partially dress and undress, and is getting more and more accustomed to handling a fork and spoon. Testing, done in the course of the production of these programs on the faculty of perception, demonstrates how much a child has learned from experience to distinguish between different objects. The toys preferred at this age are paper and pencil, plush animals, and balls. Climbing the stairs becomes the testing ground; climbing without supervision, however, entails danger, since the child is unconcerned with whether the places for climbing are a suitable playground. (23 minutes)


#4214 Child & Teen Development - The Child at Twenty-Four Months (Run time 20 min.) DVD $89.95

At two years, the child's sense of balance is good enough so that he or she can kick a ball or throw it over his head. The child can remember and follow two commands, give short answers, and speak phrases of three words. The two-year-old can carry out small tasks, like tidying up the toys-a further step towards the independence and growing sense of responsibility of the child. (20 minutes)


#4216 Child & Teen Development - Developmental Phases Before and After Birth (Run time 30 min.) DVD $89.95

This program examines the development of the fetus in utero and the child during the first year. The conclusion is unarguable: regardless of the culture and living standards of the parents, the milestones of development and growth-physiological and psychological-are identical for all children throughout the world; and the primary reason for differences lies in the nature of the mother/child relationship. (30 minutes)


#4217 Child & Teen Development - Psychological Development Before Birth (Run time 22 min.) DVD $89.95

The development of the individual-as well as that of the species-can be followed in utero. This program shows how it is possible to determine the well-being of the fetus; how, between the fifth and sixth months, the fetus begins to react to sound; and how, in different cultures, mothers-to-be deal with the condition of pregnancy and prepare themselves for the birth. (22 minutes)


#4218 Child & Teen Development - The Process of Birth (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

There is no gainsaying that, no matter how or where in the world, giving birth is stressful for the mother and a drastic reorientation for the child. What is the best birthing position for the mother-lying down, sitting, standing, kneeling, crouching? Should the birth take place in a hospital or a birthing space, and who should be in attendance-doctor, midwife, father? When should the baby be put to the mother's breast? When does bonding begin? This program shows how different cultures and different individuals within the same culture respond to these questions. (23 minutes)


#4219 Child & Teen Development - How Relationships Are Formed (Run time 24 min.) DVD $89.95

The rhythms of daily life are established during the first three months. As the infant's need for sleep diminishes, its need for stimulation and love grows; the baby is constantly discovering new ways of attracting the attention of the world around it. Mother and child have grown accustomed to one another, the child recognizing the mother's reactions and the mother responding to the child's demands. Regardless of the culture, infants around the world understand the smile as a signal of recognition and pleasure; smiling is a social act. (24 minutes)


#4220 Child & Teen Development - Mothers, Fathers, and Babies (Run time 26 min.) DVD $89.95

This program observes the role of breast-feeding in different cultures and its effect on the role of the father. Where mothers in rural or more primitive areas tend to nurse their infants on demand, babies in industrialized countries are usually born in hospitals to mothers who prefer not to nurse at all or wean the baby at two or three months. This is a positive opportunity for the father to assume an active part in the care of the infant and to deepen the bonds between father and child. (26 minutes)


#4221 Child & Teen Development - Developing the Sense of Family (Run time 21 min.) DVD $89.95

At the age of six months, the infant has developed a sense of familiarity with its customary surroundings and has discovered that there are not only signals but symbols as well. The healthy baby nurtured within a family recognizes the faces of family members even out of their customary context. He or she disdains strangers; this turning away from strangers is a typical manifestation of this age almost everywhere around the globe. (21 minutes)


#4222 Child & Teen Development - Discovering the Outside World (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

In the course of its first nine months, the infant has acquired an extraordinary amount of skill and information. It requires less and less sleep, is acquiring more and more freedom of movement, and has an expanding vocabulary of gurgles and babbles. Its curiosity, desire to explore its world, and ability to seek for objects it can observe and hold is increasing. Touching and holding objects are the first steps toward possessing them. Its efforts at discovery are still largely dependent on the assistance and guidance of adults, who set the boundaries of the permissible. The healthy intellectual development of the child depends on the willingness of adults to help the infant satisfy its curiosity, reach out, learn, and develop a context for learning. (23 minutes)


#4223 Child & Teen Development - The Development of Self (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

The first year may well be the most important in the psychological development of the child. In the course of 12 months, he or she has developed mobility and the ability to receive and send psychological messages. Anger and fury are among the infant's emotional weapons to which the family has learned to accommodate itself. Gradually, the infant is learning to deal with the social world around it, experiencing conflict and working its way through and beyond. (23 minutes)


#4406 Child & Teen Development - Babywatching (Run time 50 min.) DVD $89.95

Featuring zoologist and peoplewatcher Desmond Morris and based on his best-selling book of the same name, this program sets out, not merely to watch babies, but to watch like a baby, think like a baby, and see the world through a baby's eyes. Using babies from a wide spectrum of ethnic, national, and social backgrounds, the program examines the physical condition of the newborn, baby psychology, anthropological issues, and the bonding and interaction that an infant experiences with its family. (50 minutes)


#5932 Child & Teen Development - Society's Problems in Children's Lives (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

Children will be shaping world events and leading a new generation into the future. But what kind of future will it be when today's kids are faced with drugs, crime, teenage pregnancy, rising school drop-out rates, lack of educational opportunities, and possible reductions in welfare benefits? Perhaps one of the most important concerns for our society is the disintegration of the family. With a divorce rate of nearly 50%, the traditional family unit is becoming an endangered species in the U.S. This program examines many of the societal problems facing children today and how these problems impact the quality of children's lives. Among the experts in this program are Dr. Carl Bell, President of the Community Mental Health Council; Joy Dryfoos, author of Adolescents at Risk; and Dr. Katherine Kauffer Christoffel, Professor of Pediatrics at Northwestern University Medical School. (29 minutes)


#9238 Child & Teen Development - Feel Good about Failure: The Dark Side of Self-Esteem Classes (Run time 18 min.) DVD $89.95

In a highly competitive society, what harm could possibly come from providing self-esteem classes at school? In this program, ABC News anchors Diane Sawyer and Sam Donaldson and correspondent John Stossel find out as they probe the downside of the self-esteem movement. In an absence of statistics confirming any salutary effects from such classes, research indicates that intensive praise can undercut students' desire to accept greater scholastic challenges. In fact, the American Psychological Association believes that artificially inflated self-esteem can actually set the stage for school violence. Are children inadvertently being taught that there is no connection between effort and excellence? (13 minutes)


#9255 Child & Teen Development - Teens: What Makes Them Tick? (Run time 42 min.) DVD $89.95

Raging hormones. Exploding sexual passion. Rebellion punctuated by tattoos, pierced lips, and unfathomable music. What happens during the teen years to make kids so different? In this fascinating ABC News special, John Stossel talks to a variety of teens and their parents and visits the Harvard Medical School's Brain Imaging Center to reveal some surprising physiological reasons for teen behavior. He also discovers a social hierarchy among teens (the influencers, the conformers, the passives, and the edge kids) that is responsible for most fads, and talks with a psychologist and therapist about the secrets to successful parental nurturing: have rules but make them few, allow room for mistakes, and lecture less and listen more. (41 minutes)


#9345 Child & Teen Development - Pediatric Brain Development: The Importance of a Head Start (Run time 17 min.) DVD $89.95

"The nation's children are everybody's future, and what happens in those first three years, before school, really, really matters to that future," says child development expert Penelope Leach. In this program, ABC News anchor Diane Sawyer reports on the neurological connections that form in a child's brain during pregnancy and early childhood and the long-term effects of sensory stimulation and deprivation during those formative periods. Commentary by Dr. Leach; UCLA's Dr. Michael Phelps, co-inventor of the PET scan; and others sheds light on topics ranging from the complexities of language acquisition to a possible link between premature birth and ADD. (17 minutes)


#9382 Child & Teen Development - Kids' Sports (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

As parents aggressively manage sports teams and push children to struggle for status and glory, the old-time values of fun and fair play have been severely undermined. What is fueling this overriding emphasis on competition and excellence at all costs? This program scrutinizes the current state of organized youth sports, focusing on the lessons that kids are really being taught. Experts include Professor Sandra Hoffereth, coauthor of a landmark study of how children spend their time; sports psychologist Dr. Michael Simon; Rick Wolff, Sports Illustrated correspondent; and the National Director of the American Sports Education Program. (30 minutes)


#9383 Child & Teen Development - American Adolescence (Run time 29 min.) DVD $89.95

A rising divorce rate, frequent relocation, and a fascination with TV, video games, and computers are leaving more and more teenagers under-supervised, rootless, and isolated. Increasingly detached from traditional values and lifestyles, these young adults face daunting obstacles without the support base enjoyed by previous generations. This program investigates the hurdles faced by today's teens and discusses how their hopes, fears, and expectations will shape American society. Experts include top officers of the Families and Work Institute, National Teen Pregnancy Prevention Research Center, and National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse Control. (30 minutes)


#11231 Child & Teen Development - Early Childhood Cognitive Development: Weighing the Evidence (Run time 22 min.) DVD $89.95

Does early brain stimulation really build a better baby? ABC News correspondent Chris Bury takes a balanced look at the Barney-or-Bach controversy with John Bruer, author of The Myth of the First Three Years, on one side and renowned child psychoanalyst Dr. Stanley Greenspan and Don Campbell, author of The Mozart Effect, on the other. Guest anchor Cokie Roberts then leads a thoughtful discussion on the subject between Harvard Medical School's Alvin Poussaint; Ellen Galinsky, co-founder of the Families and Work Institute and author of Ask the Children; and Danielle Crittenden, author of What Our Mothers Didn't Tell Us. (22 minutes)


#31042 Child & Teen Development - Dr. Stanley Greenspan: Talking to Children about a Dangerous World (Run time 22 min.) DVD $89.95

How can parents and teachers convey to children the dangers of today's world without instilling in them an undue sense of fear? In this program, ABC News anchor Ted Koppel talks with Dr. Stanley Greenspan, child psychiatrist, clinical professor at George Washington University Medical School, and author of the book The Secure Child: Helping Children Feel Safe and Confident in a Changing World. Dr. Greenspan counsels parents on how to talk to their children without overreacting to the unfortunate events that prompt such discussions. (21 minutes)


#1132 Human Emotions - Love & Sex (Run time 52 min.) DVD $89.95

Falling in love, having sex, making babies-these are easy. Understanding human sexuality is much harder. This program visits a male strip club, a gay rights march, a teenage mother giving birth, and a classroom where teachers and parents are trying to help teenagers come to grips with their sexual selves. Love, monogamy, hetero- and homosexuality are among the topics covered. (52 minutes)


#1133 Human Emotions - War & Violence (Run time 52 min.) DVD $89.95

Poverty and violence seem to go hand in hand. Inner-city Boston is the site of a lesson on walking away from a fight in the face of provocation; in Oakland, CA, a young Hispanic speaks of the machismo that underlies gang violence. Around the world, violence is fueled by religion, nationalism, and race-the flames fanned by politicians' rhetoric. (52 minutes)


#1134 Human Emotions - Nature & Nurture (Run time 52 min.) DVD $89.95

Which behaviors are we born with and which do we learn? This program looks at identical twins separated at birth and finds some fascinating answers. Some 10 to 15% of children are born with a slight tendency to be very outgoing or very apprehensive; there may be a chemical predisposition to seeking danger or high risk. But biology is not everything: a supportive environment helps to produce well-adjusted adults, while a hostile home can produce the contrary. (52 minutes)


#1135 Human Emotions - Woman & Man (Run time 52 min.) DVD $89.95

Virginia Woolf said it: "Men and women are different. What needs to be made equal is the value placed on these differences." This program looks at some of the differences. In the brain, women generally have a greater response on the logical and analytical side, and men on the spatial side. Society has groomed men to be the astronauts, though women have more of the desirable traits. This program speaks with men and women in many walks of life and finds the role-differences between woman and man beginning to fade. (52 minutes)


#4383 Human Emotions - The Will to Win (Run time 28 min.) DVD $89.95

It has been said time and again: attitude, more than talent or circumstances, is the key to success-in sports, in business, in life. This program looks at the effect of an individual's determination to succeed during early childhood, on the playing field, in business, in the way the body responds to illness. (28 minutes)


#4870 Human Emotions - Beauty and the Beasts (Run time 52 min.) DVD $89.95

Why do we perceive cats as beautiful and spiders as frightening or disgusting? An animal's appearance may be a matter of fascination to humans, but for the animal itself, its appearance may mean the difference between life and death. This program examines the human response to animals, and the human fascination with their-and our-appearance. (52 minutes)


#5508 Human Emotions - Pleasure (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

This program takes us down the many paths that lead to pleasure, from the neurological function of pleasure to the thrill athletes experience through exertion. As it looks at the variety and complexity of the concept of pleasure, the program explores the importance of the first childhood experiences, the pleasure of games, of the senses, of learning and love-making, and even about the pleasure derived from pain and effort. (23 minutes)


#5540 Human Emotions - Smell (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

The sense of smell is the most primitive and complex of our five senses. It enables us to recognize thousands of chemical substances in the air, and to identify their sources. How does this highly perfected chemical analyzer work? This program tells us what science knows about smell. We learn that the memory of odors is so strong that we cannot forget them. We also discover the various steps involved in making perfume and other scented products. (23 minutes)


#5685 Human Emotions - The Nature of Human Nature (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

This program introduces what series host Roger Bingham calls "the second Darwinian Revolution"-our new understanding of the evolutionary history of the human brain. Evolutionary psychologists believe that the brain, like the body, is a product of natural selection. Our minds can be thought of as a kind of patchwork quilt of successful solutions to the challenges faced by our ancestors over millions of years. Many scientists think that, because of this shared evolutionary history, we are all inheritors of the same legacy: a universal human nature, which explains why people from different cultures have so much in common. (58 minutes)


#5686 Human Emotions - The Social Brain (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

By nature, humans are a social species. Our brains are wired from birth with programs that were crucial to our distant ancestors. Infants come equipped with a basic repertoire of social skills. And yet, as history has shown, there is a dark side to the human brain. The evidence is overwhelming that throughout our history as a species, relations between individuals and societies have been destructive as well as positive. As series host Roger Bingham explains: "We are living in the Space Age with brains from the Stone Age. We need to 'tune' our psychology, to figure out how to turn up the volume on ancient instincts like cooperation and turn down the volume on instincts like organized aggression." (58 minutes)


#5687 Human Emotions - Consciousness (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

Throughout human history, the everyday miracle of consciousness, of being aware, has led philosophers, poets, and mystics to believe that the essence of our being can exist independently of our bodies. This program examines: What do we know about human consciousness at the end of the 20th century? What progress has neuroscience made in explaining consciousness? How does our brain organize the sensory information it receives to create a coherent picture of our world? Will we develop computers that can mimic our sense of self? (58 minutes)


#5688 Human Emotions - The Way of Science (Run time 58 min.) DVD $89.95

"Humans are storytellers," says host Roger Bingham. "Show us the sun, moon, and stars and we'll spin any number of tales about life and death, good and evil. We tell stories to feel at home in the universe." Humans are both mythmakers and scientists. Often, myth and science produce very different stories, different paths to the truth. And yet, they are both products of our brains, trying to make sense of our experience. This program explores the way of science at the end of the 20th century, and the directions it is taking in helping us to know ourselves and to approach the big questions with new information and insight. (58 minutes)


#6155 Human Emotions - Family (Run time 53 min.) DVD $89.95

In the animal world, as in our own, the family unit and social structure are crucial to survival. Animal alliances are as important for caring and sharing as for hunting and killing. Like animals, humans depend on social groups-from the small-scale family unit to a large organization such as the United Nations. By comparing human relationships with perceived animal parallels, this program offers an interesting insight into our shared world. (53 minutes)


#6156 Human Emotions - Ceremony (Run time 53 min.) DVD $89.95

Birth, marriage, and death. In the animal world, just as in our own, milestones are celebrated in different ways-the unnoticed birth of the bay marsupial, the courting ritual of the jumping spider, and the elephant's graveyard. All animals share these rites of passage, from the 120-year life span of the giant turtle to the short life of the mayfly. Humans may have ritualized these occasions, but they are shared by every living creature. (53 minutes)


#6157 Human Emotions - Calls of the Wild (Run time 51 min.) DVD $89.95

This program examines communication in the human and animal world, exploring the mechanics of sounds and their practical uses. The stunning variety in the means of production of various animal sounds, from humpback whales to the strumming of the cricket, is compared with the sounds of a 1950s jazz band. The program demonstrates how vitally important communication is in the natural world, and how animals send and receive messages. (51 minutes)


#6743 Human Emotions - Your Mythic Journey: Sam Keen (Run time 57 min.) DVD $89.95

In this dialogue, noted philosopher Sam Keen shares with Bill Moyers the importance of "personal storytelling"-a way of looking back at life to make sense of where you are today. Family mythology, which assigns roles to children early on, and economic mythology-"the most binding, unconscious myth we live out"-are discussed as major influences on who we become as adults. (57 minutes)


#10966 Human Emotions - Resiliency: Beating the Odds (Run time 19 min.) DVD $89.95

Poverty...abuse...drug dependency...alcoholism...disabilities-situations that can severely debilitate body, mind, and spirit. Yet there are those who rise above their difficulties and thrive. This program investigates resiliency, that elusive quality found within that allows people to overcome the most difficult situations and events. What are the personality traits of resilient people, and how can we learn to nurture those qualities within ourselves? A Meridian Production. (19 minutes)


#33318 Human Emotions - 21st-Century Sons and Mothers (Run time 48 min.) DVD $89.95

This program presents both scientific and anecdotal evidence to illustrate the changing dynamics of the mother/son relationship in a culture where single-mother households are increasing and sons are taking longer to leave the nest. Mothers and sons drawn from the British royal family, with their very public strengths and flaws, provide a starting point for a narrative in which long-term studies refute assumptions about gender distinctions and stereotypical masculine behavior, connect unhealthy levels of cortisol in boys to maternal mistreatment, and link postnatal depression with lower IQs among sons. Attachment theory is emphasized. A Discovery Channel Production. (48 minutes)


#5514 Language Development - Language (Run time 23 min.) DVD $89.95

We take speech and comprehension for granted. Yet human language is a highly complex codified system that depends on a specialized center of the brain. In this program, we go back to the origins of human language. We learn that animals, too, have elaborate languages of their own, which scientists have only begun to decipher. We also discover that, despite their differences, humans and animals can learn to communicate with each other. (23 minutes)


#11354 Language Development - Doing What Comes Naturally: Childhood Language Acquisition (Run time 47 min.) DVD $89.95

Born with no apparent knowledge of language, humans generally attain a basic mastery of their mother tongue in the course of only a few years. How do they do it? In this program, Dr. Jonathan Miller builds a case for Noam Chomsky's theory of a universal grammar and deflates misconceptions about childhood language acquisition while raising some very intriguing questions of his own. Dr. Miller's systematic investigation of a child's structured capability for acquiring language and the elaborate social supports that facilitate language acquisition results in a clear and engaging exposition of a captivating topic. (47 minutes)


#11355 Language Development - Broken English: The Effects of Brain Damage on Language (Run time 47 min.) DVD $89.95

In this program, Dr. Jonathan Miller investigates both the predictable and the unexpected effects of damage to Broca's and Wernicke's areas on patients' abilities to communicate verbally and through sign language. In his efforts to expose the physiological roots of language expression, Dr. Miller traces the evolution of brain research, from the scientific blind alley of phrenology to the promising field of neurolinguistics. The essentially arbitrary yet formalized nature of words, the Chomskyan distinction between competence and performance, and John Hughlings Jackson's novel theory on aphasia are also considered. (47 minutes)


#11356 Language Development - Lending a Hand: Sign Languages and the Deaf (Run time 47 min.) DVD $89.95

Complex and highly sophisticated, sign languages have proved excellent tools for analyzing the foundation of human language capability. In this program, Dr. Jonathan Miller weaves together the history of sign languages for the Deaf with insights into the natural synergy between language, vision, and dexterity to support his conviction that there is a common mental structure underlying all languages, regardless of their outward expression. Along the way, Dr. Miller skewers a number of enduring misconceptions-for example, that sign languages are purely iconic and therefore incapable of conveying abstract ideas. (47 minutes)


#11357 Language Development - In a Manner of Speaking: The Phenomenon of Conversation (Run time 47 min.) DVD $89.95

Social context, intonation, and body language add a vital layer of meaning to the spoken or signed word-a layer that can manifest only in conversation. In this program, Dr. Jonathan Miller addresses the subject of group talk, offering his observations on topics including the concept of "speech acts" a la Austin, Wittgenstein, and Searle; the implicit mechanics of verbal give-and-take; and the belief that social context, far from being a mere adjunct to linguistic communication, is actually the root cause of it. The implications of the apparent connection between right hemisphere brain damage and an impaired sense of linguistic nuance are examined as well. (47 minutes)


#33307 Child & Teen Development - Birth (Run time 54 min.) DVD $99.95

Birth: an entrance into life, the beginning of discovery, and a forging of essential bonds. This program weaves footage of many women's experiences of childbirth with valuable commentary from obstetricians, midwives, psychologists, counselors, and recent mothers and fathers. Key topics covered are sonograms and prenatal examinations, changing attitudes to the role of pain in childbirth, postpartum depression or "baby blues," and birthing scenarios, such as in-hospital, at-home, and Caesarian section. Contains nudity associated with childbirth. Not available in French-speaking Canada. (54 minutes)


#33308 Child & Teen Development - Feeding (Run time 53 min.) DVD $99.95

Feeding is about so much more than just food. This program takes a close look at feeding in the first three years-from the breast or baby bottle to the spoon. The program shows many scenes of breast and bottle feeding, as well as the giving of solid food. Mothers, fathers, pediatricians, nutritionists, and child psychologists discuss the bond that feeding creates between children and their parents. In addition, parents and experts provide approaches to weaning and suggestions on appropriate foods. Not available in French-speaking Canada. (53 minutes)


#33309 Child & Teen Development - Perception (Run time 53 min.) DVD $99.95

Carried in the womb, carried by their parents, and, finally, carried by their own two feet, children are continuously absorbing the stimuli of their world. In this program, mothers and fathers and a wide range of specialists provide insights into the stages of perception experienced in the first three years of life. Topics related to the perception process include parental roles in child-raising, the daily interactions that mold the physiology of the infant brain, the effect of a child's sex on parental expectations and societal acceptance, and enculturation through naming and ceremonies. Not available in French-speaking Canada. (53 minutes)


#33310 Child & Teen Development - Bathing (Run time 53 min.) DVD $99.95

Throughout early childhood, the ritual of bathing is an important opportunity for children to develop an objective understanding of the body. In this program, mental health specialists and others immerse themselves in the subject of bathing, examining how it bonds parents with their babies and helps shape a child's self-perception. Footage of parents and their children offers additional opportunities to observe how hygiene, culture, and socialization intersect in the bath, promoting indispensable emotional exchanges. Infantile sexuality, toilet training, and childhood illness are also considered. Not available in French-speaking Canada. (54 minutes)


#33311 Child & Teen Development - Playing (Run time 54 min.) DVD $99.95

For a child, play is serious fun. This program will help parents, teachers, caregivers, and students understand the complex functions of play. The relationship to objects, whether toys or everyday things, is explored through dozens of scenes of children interacting in classic situations. Discussion by experts and parents and video footage of children at play offer insights into games of imitation, the development of the imagination, stimulation of the senses, and what makes a good toy. Not available in French-speaking Canada. (54 minutes)


#33312 Child & Teen Development - Talking (Run time 55 min.) DVD $99.95

For the newborn, the notion of coexistence-that there are others in their world with whom they can communicate-begins with crying. In this program, researchers and other experts join with parents to discuss the steps children go through in mastering their mother tongue. Topics include the process of cognition, a baby's ability to make use of body language and semiotic gestures, babbling as a precursor to language acquisition, timeframes for learning to speak, and growing up in a multilingual home. Not available in French-speaking Canada. (55 minutes)


#6015 Language Development - Language Development (Run time 40 min.) DVD $109.95

The emphasis in this program is on the development of language in babies and young children. The program follows this development from the first cry of an infant in the delivery room through that of a seven-year-old, when language development is almost complete. The program features babies and children attempting to communicate, from crying and babbling to making grammatical errors to speaking fluently. The program discusses the arguments for and against the nature/nurture debate and the Interactionist view. The Whorf-Sapir hypothesis is described and illustrated with real-life examples. The question "can non-human animals use language?" is discussed and illustrated with video of chimpanzees. (40 minutes)


#8594 Language Development - Unlocking Language (Run time 29 min.) DVD $109.95

Approximately 70,000 years ago, humankind began talking, and hasn't stopped since. In this fascinating program, a diverse group of experts-an evolutionary linguist, a neurologist, a geneticist, a neuropsychologist, a developmental cognitive neuroscientist, and an Oxford professor of communication-discuss the birth, development, and transmission of the mysterious phenomenon called language. Topics explored include the ability of language to express abstractions; the role of evolution in the development of languages; language as an innately guided behavior in unborn babies, infants, and toddlers; the parts of the brain involved in language; the relationship between genes and language disorders; and the isolation of the Speech 1 gene. (29 minutes)


#11010 Child & Teen Development - Child Development (Run time min.) DVD $119.9

The first several years of a child's life are marked by immense development, both intellectually and physically. This two-part series helps to make sense of that time of rapid change. A Meridian Production. 2-part series, 19-21 minutes each.


#8785 Child & Teen Development - Brothers and Sisters: Sibling Relationships (Run time 55 min.) DVD $129.95

Having analyzed thousands of people from history, Frank Sulloway-MIT professor and author of Birth Order Study and the best-selling Born to Rebel-concluded that birth order has more of an effect on personality than gender, race, nationality, or social class. This probing documentary, based on Brothers and Sisters by Joan Sauers, explores the emotional dynamics of the sibling bond. Set in Australia, groups of siblings divulge their love-hate feelings for each other as Dr. Sulloway comments on topics including siblicide in nature, competition, characteristic birth order differences, and environmental influences. For balance, an only child describes his experiences as well, providing additional insights. (55 minutes)


#9184 Child & Teen Development - Pediatric Neuroscience: Rage of Innocents (Run time 47 min.) DVD $129.95

Recent laboratory research indicates that emotional neglect of children during their first few years of life can have long-term biochemical consequences. In this outstanding documentary, anthropologists from Cornell and Emory Universities and other experts share their findings on the subtle biochemical link between parental attentiveness and the proper development of a child's brain regions that control responses to stress. The program also investigates approaches to care-giving from the perspective of social science and evolutionary biology. Some language may be objectionable. (47 minutes)


#31024 Child & Teen Development - Mind Games (Run time 47 min.) DVD $129.95

From childhood, we are told that lies are bad, but without them, human relationships would fall apart. With a wide variety of children to demonstrate key developmental stages, this program presents the story of how we all learn to read and manipulate each other's minds. Observed behavior and classic child psychology experiments show this progression in an entertaining way, from learning the boundaries of the body and the mind, through the birth of the imagination, to the ability to lie for good as well as bad-lying as a subtle expression of human empathy. A Discovery Channel Production. (47 minutes)


#31025 Child & Teen Development - The Independent Thinker (Run time 47 min.) DVD $129.95

It takes over 12 years for the average child to acquire all the skills needed to be an independent adult-from solving algebra equations to behaving properly in society. This program presents the story of how we learn to think for ourselves, beginning with the development of recall and memory, then the acquisition of language, and finally the mastering of social skills-learning to be an adult by playing at it. In various cognitive experiments with an array of children, milestones such as abstract reasoning and spatial memory are charmingly highlighted. A Discovery Channel Production. (47 minutes)


#31026 Child & Teen Development - Facts of Life (Run time 46 min.) DVD $129.95

How do boys and girls come to understand gender? At what age do they start to develop a sense of time? When does a child grasp the finality of death? This program brings together children of all ages for interviews and experiments that illustrate how we come to learn and accept the facts of life. In numerous examples, the program highlights the ages at which children make developmental breakthroughs, such as distinguishing between animate and inanimate objects, realizing there is a past and a future, and answering that classic question: "where do babies come from?" A Discovery Channel Production. (46 minutes)


#31078 Child & Teen Development - Early Socialization: From Age Two to Age Five (Run time 30 min.) DVD $129.95

This program follows the social development of two young children, Max and Ellie, from the ages of two to five. Examples of multiple attachment, language development, imitation and identification, cooperative play, self-awareness, gender identification, and social conformity are captured on film and clearly identified with onscreen labels as the children broaden their awareness of the world through interactions with each other, family members, and peers. (29 minutes)


#6983 Human Emotions - Emotional Intelligence: The Key to Social Skills (Run time 29 min.) DVD $129.95

There was a time when parents were expected to teach their children social skills, such as how to listen, share, and be kind. Today, that job, and the nurturing of the emotional intelligence necessary to learn those skills, has been turned over to schools. This program from The Doctor Is In looks at innovative teaching techniques that are helping students to develop emotional intelligence and the social skills that will help them lead happier lives. Psychologist Daniel Goleman discusses the nature of emotional intelligence and how it develops; child psychologist Maurice Elias explains the concept of emotional literacy. A Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center Production. (29 minutes)


#32232 Human Emotions - Depression: Not a Normal Part of Aging (Run time 57 min.) DVD $129.95

Though aging has its challenges, depression and its frequent companion, substance abuse, need not be among them. This program dispels the myth that there is something inherently depressing about aging. It explores the complex relationship between depression, alcohol, and substance abuse, showing how knowledge of symptoms, family support, and early treatment can restore the capacity for pleasure and contentment in most seniors' lives. Interviews with spouses, family members, social workers, and geriatric psychiatrists are combined with candid, firsthand accounts. (57 minutes)


#36009 Human Emotions - Portraits in Human Sexuality: Human Development (Run time 35 min.) DVD $129.95

Parents, friends, sex education classes, the media-all of them shape our perceptions of reproduction and physical intimacy. Starting at the beginning, then, this program focuses on developmental issues in human sexuality. Its four interview segments question children on what they know about love and sex; adolescents on what they know about sex and what constitutes good sex education; adults on what they believe children should know about sexuality; and a persevering couple on their difficulties in achieving pregnancy and reaching full term. Contains clinically explicit language. (35 minutes)


#36010 Human Emotions - Portraits in Human Sexuality: Meeting, Dating, and Maintaining Relationships (Run time 36 min.) DVD $129.95

This program looks at aspects of how relationships are formed and sustained. Interview segments include a couple who talk about connecting online through Match.com; a diverse group of young Muslim women who discuss the liberating effects of physical modesty and Islamic approaches to courting and marriage; and a couple who describe how they met and demonstrate how PREP relationship enhancement classes have strengthened their marriage. (35 minutes)


#36015 Human Emotions - Portraits in Human Sexuality: The Business of Sex (Run time 34 min.) DVD $129.95

Pornography shops. Phone sex services. Strip clubs. Culturally, such businesses are typically consigned to the questionable fringes of society. But are there exceptions? In this program, workers in these three industries share their personal experiences; describe their clientele, which, in addition to men, often includes women and couples; and explain how they have lifted their occupations to a higher level by setting strict limits and boundaries that both they and their customers must adhere to. Contains mature themes and explicit language and imagery. (34 minutes)


#1155 Child & Teen Development - When I Was Your Age (Run time 28 min.) DVD $149.95

Teenagers throughout history have heard-until they stopped listening!-lectures that began, "When I was your age..." In this program, today's teens and former teenagers Fran Lebowitz, Bob Greene, Maya Angelou, and George Plimpton discuss generational differences. The conclusion: when today's teens become adults and parents, they will undoubtedly have the same confrontations with their children. (28 minutes)


#7240 Child & Teen Development - Innocence: What Is a Child? (Run time 54 min.) DVD $149.95

Interviews with children and experts combine with excellent archival footage to provide an eye-opening look at the construct of childhood innocence, from the late 19th century to the present. The onset of industrialization, subsequent child labor laws, and the idealization of children in art all contribute to attitudes that support the natural innocence of children. However, today's reality of childhood crime, latchkey children, and children suffering physical and sexual abuse presents a stark contrast with these romanticized notions of children as naive, protected, and cherished. Experts, including noted author Thomas Moore, discuss baby-to-child development and explore the question: What is a child? (54 minutes)


#7241 Child & Teen Development - Damage: The Effects of a Troubled Childhood (Run time 55 min.) DVD $149.95

Can the roots of adult phobias and anxieties be found in our childhoods? Psychologists and other experts discuss the impact of remembered and repressed childhood memories, and also the danger that too happy a childhood can render adults incapable of handling trouble and stress. The question of whether adult depression is caused by childhood trauma or a combination of genetic factors and a triggering event is examined. (55 minutes)


#7242 Child & Teen Development - Perfection: The Pressure on Parents and Children (Run time 56 min.) DVD $149.95

Many parents wonder whether they are adequately preparing their children for the harsh realities of growing up and becoming productive members of society. Parents react by attempting to create the perfect child. This program examines the following issues: Are children better off being raised in smaller families? What is the father/child relationship supposed to be today? How do working mothers and child-care impact child-rearing? What is a dysfunctional family? Do politicians use families and family values as a political football? The roles played by poverty and troublesome children within families are examined, as is the belief that children have proven to be more resilient than is commonly thought. (56 minutes)


#10003 Child & Teen Development - Early Socialization: From Birth to Age Two (Run time 23 min.) DVD $149.95

Life outside the womb requires an ability to interact with others right from day one. This informative program clinically tracks the social development of two young children, Max and Ellie. Video footage taken during their first 24 months demonstrates their progress from awareness and bonding; to communication by vocalization, facial expression, body language, and speech; to attachment to key adults; to parallel play, sharing with peers, and the rudiments of negotiation. In addition, Max and Ellie's parents provide their observations on the children's socialization and discuss some of the challenges of parenthood. (23 minutes)


#33313 Child & Teen Development - Constructing the Self (Run time 52 min.) DVD $149.95

This program studies how children continue to transform between the ages of 4 and 11 as they confront and come to terms with fear, adversity, death, and their nascent sexuality. Much attention is paid to the latency period, the intermediate age when boys and girls suddenly stop playing together, crave alone-time, and often clash with their parents. Child psychiatrists, psychologists, and counselors discuss the value of saying no and how establishing limits helps a child deal with adulthood's parameters. Not available in French-speaking Canada. (52 minutes)


#33314 Child & Teen Development - The Learning Process (Run time 52 min.) DVD $149.95

Eager for knowledge, a child is by nature curious about everything. Why, then, is school such an unpleasant place for some children? In this program, teachers, researchers, a psychoanalyst, a neurologist, a neurobiologist, a psychomotor specialist, and others examine the process of learning and the classroom as a learning center. Mastery of reading and writing-the key to unlocking all forms of communication and the entry point to many other exciting domains-is emphasized. In addition, the concept of multiple intelligences is explored. Not available in French-speaking Canada. (52 minutes)


#33315 Child & Teen Development - Helping Them Flourish (Run time 53 min.) DVD $149.95

Helping children to grow and bloom properly also means taking into account their biological rhythms. This program seeks out holistic approaches to education that more scientifically organize the school day and strike a better balance between intellectual and physical development. Educators, psychologists, a geneticist, a philosopher, and others consider topics such as the times of day when students are most ready to learn and the role of play in the developing child. They also question the effectiveness of lectures and take a penetrating look at the video game phenomenon. Not available in French-speaking Canada. (53 minutes)


#36540 Child & Teen Development - Thanks for the Memories: How Children Remember (Run time 60 min.) DVD $149.95

Do our brains store experiences from our first few months of life? What happens to children who witness disturbing events before age two? How does being unwanted affect a baby? This program explores the personal significance of memory and examines the developmental stages at which meaningful awareness is formed. Visiting a group of 25 children, the film observes them as they turn two years old and studies the relationship between their memories and their current state. Among them are troubled Charlotte, who has converted her fear and sadness into bad behavior, and Jamie, whose mother has had difficulty forming an attachment to him. A BBC/Open University Co-production. Original broadcast title: Thanks for the Memories. Part of the series Child of Our Time 2002. (60 minutes)


#36541 Child & Teen Development - Power Struggles: Parents vs. Children (Run time 60 min.) DVD $149.95

Is it healthy for parents to exercise complete control? Are rebellious children better equipped for the future? What measures should be taken to reign in unruly kids? This program looks at childhood battles for independence and the reasons why such struggles are psychologically necessary for children to undergo. Observing a group of 25 toddlers who have become self-aware and generally want their own way, the film examines the tests of will that arise during this crucial time. Triplets Alice, Mabel, and Phoebe compete for attention. Twins Ivo and Alexander have perfected the art of the temper tantrum. And how will disabled mom Alison discipline her rambunctious son? A BBC/Open University Co-production. Original broadcast title: Power Struggles. Part of the series Child of Our Time 2002. (60 minutes)


#36542 Child & Teen Development - Zero to Hero: Shyness and Sociability in Children (Run time 61 min.) DVD $149.95

What makes a boy or girl a loner? Can a child's future social life be predicted in his or her toddler years? How crucial is a sense of humor as children learn to make friends? This program examines the diverse ways and varying degrees of success in which youngsters build that all-important skill: getting along with others. Observing a group of 25 children who are now three years old, the film shows how even at this age kids are making adult-like decisions about each other-who they like, who they dislike, and who their true friends are. As the children interact, the program also examines the effects of diet and video-watching on a child's sociability. A BBC/Open University Co-production. Original broadcast title: Zero to Hero. Part of the series Child of Our Time 2004. (60 minutes)


#39210 Child & Teen Development - Flesh and Blood: Sibling Rivalry (Run time 60 min.) DVD $149.95

Why are siblings often so different? Are "only" children lucky or disadvantaged? What are the long-term effects of birth order and sibling relationships? This program underscores recent theories that suggest relationships among a nuclear family's children-rather than those between parent and offspring-are the most meaningful to an individual's growth. Monitoring a group of 25 six-year-olds, the program follows experiments that highlight the significance of sibling rivalry and bonding. Among the lively subjects are James and his older sister Bernie, whose relationship is tested by their unstable living situation; twins Alice and Charles and their intrusive younger brother William; and Het Shah, an only child whose parents fear they have spoiled her. A BBC/Open University Co-production. Original broadcast title: Flesh and Blood. Part of the series Child of Our Time 2006. (60 minutes)


#39225 Child & Teen Development - Will to Win: Helping Children Succeed (Run time 60 min.) DVD $149.95

Why do some children give up on problems easily while others persevere? What makes a boy or girl afraid to try in the first place? This program studies the factors that help create a resilient personality and the reasons why some children back down from challenges. Visiting a group of 25 seven-year-olds, the film observes them with their parents and on their own as they undertake practical tasks gauging motivation, self-confidence, and assertiveness. The tests include the Tower of Hanoi, a building project requiring concentration and planning; a group of three puzzles-designated easy, medium, and hard-that reveal a child's estimation of his or her own abilities; and a card game between parents and offspring, rigged to show how the kids cope with losing. A BBC/Open University Co-production. Original broadcast title: Will to Win. Part of the series Child of Our Time 2007. (60 minutes)


#32790 Human Emotions - Fragments of Genius: Understanding Savants (Run time 50 min.) DVD $149.95

By any standard, Derek Paravacini is an exceptional pianist. Stephen Wiltshire can draw whole cityscapes from memory with uncanny accuracy. Both are savants with severe learning disabilities due to autism. Focusing on these two case studies, this program looks at how a disability sometimes unlocks extraordinary abilities, as well as how research on savants has led to a better understanding of brain function. Allan Snyder, professor of science and the mind at the University of Sydney, discusses several theories of savant skills, while Dr. Bruce Miller shares his work on dementia which led him to identify a region of the brain that when damaged produces savant behavior. Original BBCW broadcast title: Fragments of Genius. (50 minutes)


#35357 Human Emotions - Coming of Age: Ethnographic Profiles from a Global Perspective (Run time 60 min.) DVD $149.95

Weaving a worldwide narrative of rites of passage, this program takes viewers into the lives of six children and adolescents, all of whom are undergoing critical stages in their transition to adulthood. Widely varying experiences from Russia, China, Malaysia, Uganda, the Dominican Republic, and Canada's Baffin Island produce a startling picture of the political, social, and economic issues that surround growing up. An Inuit boy's first hunt, a young Russian's involvement in a right-wing hate group, and an obligatory weeklong military boot camp for a 15-year-old Chinese girl-these and other stories show the differences and the unity of human development around the world. A BBCW Production. (60 minutes)


#36938 Human Emotions - Boy to Girl to Man: Disproving the Theory of Gender Neutrality (Run time 51 min.) DVD $149.95

When David Reimer was a newborn, his penis was burnt off in a botched circumcision. On the advice of Dr. John Money, a pioneering gender-reassignment specialist, David was renamed Brenda and raised as a girl. This program recounts the medical and psychological ordeals that Reimer underwent, both as Brenda and then as David again, before his suicide in 2004. Using moving dramatizations, previously unseen interview footage of David, conversations with his family, and transcripts of meetings between Dr. Money and his tormented patient, the program tells a cautionary tale of nature pitted against nurture. Original BBCW broadcast title: Dr. Money and the Boy with No Penis. (50 minutes)


#36979 Human Emotions - The Anatomy of Laughter (Run time 49 min.) DVD $149.95

What happens in our brains when we think something is funny? Is laughter a form of self-defense? Can a joke be scientifically analyzed? This program studies the human response to humor from a physiological and psychological standpoint. Highlighting the importance of vocal cords in producing laughter, the program contrasts human and simian forms of humor and gives viewers an evolutionary perspective on laughter's role in cooperation and adaptation. Also featured are interviews with comedians-one teenaged, the other 92 years old-who demonstrate basic joke mechanics, while doctors and patients express varying degrees of skepticism about laughter's healing power. (49 minutes)


#36981 Human Emotions - The Anatomy of Crying (Run time 49 min.) DVD $149.95

Humans may be the only species to shed tears. Does that make crying a strictly human act? This program explores the deep well of animal instinct that, shaped by eons of evolution, still informs our expression of grief, fear, anger, and even joy. Focusing on the development of distress signals in early hominid infant behavior, the program investigates differences in crying between adults and children, men and women, and Western and non-Western cultures. The three varieties of tears-basal, irritant, and emotional-and their chemical makeup are identified, evoking a link between emotional release, the secretion of certain proteins, and the human body's metabolism. (49 minutes)


#36982 Human Emotions - The Anatomy of Pleasure (Run time 49 min.) DVD $149.95

Which is more enjoyable-the satisfaction of desire, or the sensation of longing itself? This program looks at the emotional, neurological, and genetic aspects of seeking and gaining pleasure, analyzing close ties between the search for gratification and the preservation of self and species. Examining a wide range of ways to follow one's bliss-including sex, artistic creation, the consumption of favorite foods, and high-risk behaviors like gambling and rock-climbing-the program explains the crucial role played by endorphins and other body chemicals in these activities. The dangers of addiction and the relationship between physical and spiritual ecstasy are also explored. (49 minutes)


#36543 Language Development - Read My Lips: Learning Language (Run time 61 min.) DVD $149.95

Communication is at the core of the human experience, even though effective communication takes a lifetime to learn. This program explores how we develop the arts of speech and physical expression to make ourselves understood and to understand others. Visiting a group of 25 three-year-olds, the film observes them learning as many as ten new words a day-some already grasping the first 1,500 components of the 20,000-word vocabulary collected in the average life span. The "nonverbal leakage" or body language that supplements verbal skills is also explored, demonstrating that children with verbal disadvantages can compensate through other techniques. A BBC/Open University Co-production. Original broadcast title: Read My Lips. Part of the series Child of Our Time 2004. (60 minutes)


#37540 Language Development - Mother Tongues: Languages Around the World (Run time 48 min.) DVD $149.95

This program travels the globe as it surveys a large portion of the world's languages-25 percent of which are spoken by a mere 0.1 percent of the Earth's population. Moving from Africa to Oceania and up to Asia and then west to Europe and across the ocean to the Americas, the program assesses how many languages are spoken in each region, the characteristics they share, and misconceptions about them. Historical background on some of the key languages of the regions is included as well. The commentary of Salikoko Mufwene, coeditor of The Ecology of Language Evolution; Larry Hyman, of U.C. Berkeley; Hua Lin, of the University of Victoria; Harvard University's Jay Jasanoff; and Lyle Campbell, of the University of Utah, is featured. (48 minutes)


#37542 Language Development - Birth and Death: The Life Cycle of Language (Run time 48 min.) DVD $149.95

It is predicted that within a century more than half of the world's languages will become extinct, but as languages are lost, new ones emerge naturally or are constructed. In this program, Noam Chomsky; Esperantist Thomas Eccard; endangered languages researcher Peter Ladefoged, who has since passed away; and others provide insights into the language life cycle. Topics include constructed languages such as Esperanto, language endangerment and preservation, and the role of globalization in language obsolescence. The experts also discuss current language trends and offer their opinions on which languages may emerge as front-runners of the future. (48 minutes)


#9381 Child & Teen Development - Child's Play: Growing Up in America (Run time min.) DVD $179.9

Children and teenagers in America face challenges and choices undreamed of by previous generations. This insightful two-part series examines the plight of too many of today's youth-driven to succeed, yet lacking crucial pillars of emotional support. 2-part series, 30 minutes each.


#25011 Child & Teen Development - Child Development Video Series (Run time min.) DVD $239.7

This series of six videos covers the development of young children from prenatal to adolescence. Each video looks at a specific age range, providing insight to viewers on physical and emotional growth. A Meridian Production. CD-ROM version also available.


#4210 Child & Teen Development - The Second Year in the Life of a Child (Run time min.) DVD $359.8

Following on The First 365 Days in the Life of a Child, this series follows toddlers through the second year. Once again, the developmental patterns are those of the average child. Like all averages, these present general guidelines only. 4-part series, 20-24 minutes each.


#5684 Human Emotions - The Human Quest (Run time min.) DVD $359.8

Who are we? Where did we come from? What are our prospects? Scientists have made revolutionary advances in our understanding of the human mind. This series speaks with scientists, philosophers, and ordinary people around the world, from Bali, Indonesia, to England. Among the renowned scientists and philosophers featured in the series are Nobel laureates Francis Crick and Murray Gell-Mann; philosophers Patricia Churchland and Daniel Dennett; neuroscientists Hanna and Antonio Damasio, Rodolfo Llinas, and V. S. Ramachandran; evolutionary psychologists Leda Cosmides and John Tooby; cognitive scientist Steven Pinker; and psychologist Paul Ekman. 4-part series, 58 minutes each.


#6154 Human Emotions - Human Nature (Run time min.) DVD $359.8

This series explores the relationship between humans and animals. In the late 20th century, it is very easy to believe that we are far removed from the natural world. But, in fact, the way we look, behave, and communicate with one another has astounding parallels with the animal world. Using spectacular original footage, this series highlights these comparisons in an original and exciting way. 4-part series, 52 minutes each.


#11353 Language Development - Born Talking: A Personal Inquiry into Language (Run time min.) DVD $359.8

Why do children acquire language so easily? And what light can be shed on the complexities of language by adults who have lost the ability to speak? In this classic four-part series, prominent neurologist and research scientist Jonathan Miller seeks to answer those and other fascinating questions in his inimitable style, freely crossing the boundaries between medical science, linguistics, and philosophy. 4-part series, 47 minutes each.


#31023 Child & Teen Development - A Child's World (Run time min.) DVD $389.85

This engaging series explores the minds of children from infants to adolescents, focusing on how they perceive and understand the world and themselves. Interviews with children of various ages, along with cognitive and psychological experiments, bring home key milestones on their long road to maturity. A Discovery Channel Production. 3-part series, 46-47 minutes each.


#11843 Child & Teen Development - Beginning the Journey... (Run time min.) DVD $399.75

Virtually everyone can benefit from a better understanding and knowledge of child development. Current or future caregivers should know why children think, act, and feel as they do, as well as how to interact most effectively with them. Parents and parents-to-be will undoubtedly find information and skills related to child development useful. Even those who never have had the responsibility of caring for children can gain a better understanding of themselves from studying their growth. This five-part series will walk the viewer through the early stages of life's journey, beginning with prenatal development and concluding with early adolescence. A Meridian Production. 5-part series, 20-22 minutes each.


#7239 Child & Teen Development - Myths of Childhood: New Perspectives on Nature and Nurture (Run time min.) DVD $449.85

This provocative three-part series confronts the notion that children are naturally innocent, asks why some adults blame childhood events for their adult unhappiness, and questions the ambitions of parents who strive to raise the perfect child. Children and parents from the U.S., Australia, and the United Kingdom share their experiences. Home movies, photographs, and scenes from television and films portray the mythic childhoods we imagine, while best-selling authors discuss changing ideas about childhood and the raising of children. 3-part series, 55 minutes each.


#33339 Child & Teen Development - Aspects of Child Development: Ages 4 to 11 (Run time min.) DVD $449.85

Drawing on the insights and experience of experts from a wide range of disciplines, this detailed three-part series tracks children's development during the period from 4 to 11 years of age. Not available in French-speaking Canada. 3-part series, 52 minutes each.


#25014 Child & Teen Development - The Developing Child (Run time min.) DVD $599.5

This ten-part series provides a comprehensive overview of the developmental stages and needs of young children and includes topics such as social development, emotional development, discipline, language development, safety procedures, play activities, and more. A Meridian Production.


#33306 Child & Teen Development - Aspects of Child Development: Fetus to Age 3 (Run time min.) DVD $599.7

Created with the help of many leading pediatricians, child psychiatrists, nutritionists, psychologists, and sociologists as well as dozens of children and their parents, this comprehensive six-part series explores key stages of a child's growth, focusing on the period from the final months in the womb to three years of age. Not available in French-speaking Canada. 6-part series, 53-55 minutes each.


#4215 Child & Teen Development - The Psychological Development of the Child (Run time min.) DVD $719.6

This series is devoted to the general psychological development of the young child, from the moment of conception until the end of the first year. The programs were filmed across a time span of over a year, in 14 countries and five continents and in consultation and cooperation with many scientists. 8-part series, 21-28 minutes each.


#4196 Child & Teen Development - The First 365 Days in the Life of a Child (Run time min.) DVD $1169.35

This 13-part series shows the normal development of an average healthy child during the first year of its life. The series was made in close cooperation with a number of pediatricians as well as the Research Department for Social Pediatrics and Children's Medicine at the University of Munich, where a system of developmental tests was developed which is used as the basis for measurement in these programs. This system enables the tester to measure a baby's important developmental functions monthly. For a period of a year, five babies were systematically observed and filmed. This series gives parents and others who work with children the opportunity to follow the typical behavior patterns of an average child and, in the case of their own children or children in their care, recognize the norm and perhaps spot developmental disorders early. 13-part series, 18-25 minutes each.


#39313 Child & Teen Development - Child of Our Time: A Year-by-Year Study of Childhood Development (Run time min.) DVD $1649.45

In the year 2000, producers for the BBC began documenting the growth and development of 25 newborn children from a wide range of social, ethnic, and geographical backgrounds. This 13-part series shows viewers the results so far, capturing pivotal stages in each child's learning process, manner of socialization, and physical development. Students of child psychology, early childhood education, and multicultural education will encounter detailed information and numerous case studies in these programs, while course instructors will find a wealth of material with which to launch lectures and discussions. Original BBCW broadcast title: Child of Our Time. 13-part series, 60 minutes each.




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